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  • 1. CONFERENCE PAPERS Tamil Internet Conference 2011 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA June 17-19. 2011
  • 2. Committees for Tamil Internet 2011 ConferenceConference Program Committee CPC: Dr. K. Kalyanasundaram, Switzerland – Chair Prof. N. Deivasundaram, India Prof. A.G. Ramakrishnan, India Mr. Mani Manivannan, India Dr. Badri Seshadri, India Dr. Jean-Luc Chevillard, France Prof. C.R. Selvakumar, California Dr. Seetha Lakshmi, Singapore Mr. Siva Pillai, United KingdomLocal Organizing Committee LOC Dr. Vasu Renganathan, University of Pennsylvania – Chair Prof. Harold F. Schiffman, University of Pennsylvania – CoChair Dr. Sankaran Radhakrishnan, University of Texas, Austin Dr. Arasu Chellaiah, Maryland Mr. Ramachandran Sivakumar, Blue Bell, Pennsylvania Dr.Muthumani Karuppiah,University of Pennsylvania Dr. Sornam Sankar, Maryland Mr. Somalay Somasundaram, Avondale, Pennsylvania Mr. Kumar Kumarappan, California Ms. Jody Chavez, University of PennsylvaniaInternational Organizing Committee IOC Mr. V.M.S. Kaviarasan (US) (chair) Mr. Ilantamizhan (Malaysia) Mr. Anto Peter (India) Dr. M. Ponnavaikko (India) Dr. Appasamy Murugaiyan (France) Dr. S. Mohan (India)Exhibition Committee Mr. Maniam, Singapore (Chair) Mr. Anto Peter, India Mr. Anandan, India ii
  • 3. ContentsA. கணினியி Tamil Literature through Computer (கணினியி ெமாழி) ேட ெச ெமாழி / 01A1 ைக கணினி ேட ெச ெமாழி / 03 ேகா. ேதவராஜ , Chennai, IndiaA2 பாரதியி பாட க மி ண வழி வாசி க வி உ வா க 
 / 09 –ஒ கணினி ெமாழியிய அ ைற டா ட இரா. ேவ க (ேதசிய க வி கழக ந யா ெதாழி ப ப கைல கழக , Singapore)A3 ப டக வழி அற இல கிய கைள க ற , க பி த 
 / 14 (Teaching and learning in ethical literature through multimedia) ைனவ வா. .ேச. ராம கஆ டவ , (ப ைசய ப க ாி, Chennai, India)A4 Kuralagam - Concept Relation based Search Engine for Thirukkural / 19 Elanchezhiyan.K, T V Geetha, Ranjani Parthasarathi & Madhan Karky (Anna University, Guindy, Chennai, India)A5 Tamil Literature Output in National Bibliography of Indian Languages: / 24 A bibliometric analysis P. Clara Jeyaseeli (Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India)A6 கணினி வழி தமி ச க இல கிய ஆ / 30 ெவ. பாலசர வதி (அவினாசி க நிக நிைல ப கைல கழக , Coimbatore, India)A7 ெவ பா நிர - ெவ பாவி கான ெபா இல கண கைள சாிபா நிர / 33 . சி தநாத பதி (எவ ெச டா எ சினியாி , ஷா ஜா)B. Tamil Learning (கணினி இைணய வழி தமி ெமாழி க ற கணினி/இைணய னி ம க பி த ) / 37B1 தமி ெமாழி உ சாி -க ற க பி த கணினியி ப / 39 டா ட ஆ ரா சிவ மார (ேதசிய க வி கழக -ந யா ெதாழி ப ப கைல கழக , Singapore)B2 இைணய ம கணினி ல தமி க ற ம க பி த / 44 தி மதி. ரஜனி ரஜ (பாரதியா ப கைல கழக , Coimbatore, India)B3 இைணயவழி தமி பாட க / 48 ைனவ .இள ேகாவ , பாரதிதாச அர மகளி க ாி, ேசாி-605 003 இ தியா iii
  • 4. B4 தமிழி தகவ ெதாழி ப ைத க பி த : வா க சி க க / 54 ேவ. இள ெசழிய & சி.ம.இள தமி , மேலசியாB5 Teaching Tamil and Managing Tamil Schools Using Open Source Computing / 56 Saravanan Mariappan (Nexus NGN Sd, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)B6 An Innovative Software for Learning to Write Tamil Lesson Plan / 65 Dr. S.K. Panneer Selvam (Bharathidasan University, Trichi, India)B7 Attitudes and Motivation in Teaching through ICT among / 70 Malaysian Tamil Teachers - An Overview Dr. Paramasivam Muthusamy (University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia)B8 தகவ பாிமா திறைமக ல தமி ெமாழி, கலாசார க பி / 74 வழிவைககைள க ெய ப 
 - இ கிலா அரசா க தி ேதசிய ெகா ைக அபிவி தி - அைடைவ , றி ேகா சா த ஊ க ைத அதிகாி த சிவா பி ைள (Univ. of London (Goldsmith College), London, UK)B9 Facebook and Tamil Language in Singapore’s Teacher Education / 76 Seetha Lakshmi (National Inst. of Education, Singapore)B10 Virtual Environment As A Collaborative Platform / 92 To Enhance Pupils Information literacy skills Sivagouri Kaliamoorthy (Singapore)B11 இைணய ம கணினி வழி தமி க ற க பி த / 97 ந லா ைனவ ேகா. ெபாிய ண (தமிழக க வி ஆரா சி வள சி நி வன (இய ந ), Chennai, India)B12 இைணய வழி ேத களி லா க வி / 100 (Education Without Examination, through E-Learning) ைனவ ப.அர.ந கீர (இய ந , தமி இைணய க வி கழக , ெச ைன, தமி நா )C. Articificial Intelligence (ெசய ைக திறனா ெசய ) / 105C1 Tamil Video Retrieval Based on Categorization in Cloud / 107 V.Akila and Dr.T.Mala (Anna Univ. - Guindy, Chennai, India)C2 Animated Story Visualizer for Tamil Text / 118 M. Janani and Dr.Mala.T (Anna Univ. - Guindy, Chennai, India)C3 Popularity Based Scoring Model for Tamil Word Games / 124 Elanchezhiyan.K, Karthikeyan.S, T V Geetha, 
 Ranjani Parthasarathi and Madhan Karky (Anna Univ. - Guindy, Chennai, India)C4 Multilingual Cross – Domain Classification of Tamil Web Documents / 129 based on Neural Network with Dimension Reduction M.Balaji Prasath, Dr. D.Manjula (Anna Univ. - Guindy, Chennai, India) iv
  • 5. C5 On Emotion Detection from Tamil Text / 133 Giruba Beulah S E, and Madhan Karky V (Anna Univ. - Guindy, Chennai, India)C6 Tamil Online handwriting recognition using fractal features / 142 Rituraj Kunwar and A G Ramakrishnan (Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, India)C7 Neuroscience inspired segmentation of handwritten words / 148 Prof. A G Ramakrishnan and Suresh Sundaram (Indian Inst. of Science Bangalore, India)C8 Improving Tamil-English Cross-Language Information Retrieval / 154 by Transliteration Generation and Mining A Kumaran, K Saravanan & Ragavendra Udupa (Multilingual Systems Research Microsoft Research India Bangalore, India.)D. Computational Linguistics (கணினி ெமாழியிய ) கணினி / 163D1 A Package for Learning Negations in Tamil / 165 Dr. G. Singaravelu (Bharathiyar Univ. Coimbatore, India)D2 Morphology based Factored Statistical Machine Translation / 171 (F-SMT) system from English to Tamil Anand Kumar M, Dhanalakshmi V, Soman K P, Rajendran (Amrita Vidya Peetam, Coimbatore, India)D3 Tamil Shallow Parser using Machine Learning Approach / 175 Dhanalakshmi V, Anand Kumar M, Soman K P and Rajendran S (Amrita Vidya Peetam, Coimbatore, India)D4 கணினிவழி தமி ெமாழியா வி ெபா மய க / 180 இல. தர (SRM University, Chennai, India)D5 கணினியி ேராம வாிவ வ ஒ ெபய / 186 ைனவ இராதா ெச ல ப (பாரதிதாச ப கைல கழக , Trichi, India)E. மி Electronic Tamil Dictionary (மி அகராதி) அகராதி / 195E1 Agaraadhi: A Novel Online Dictionary Framework / 197 Elanchezhiyan.K, Karthikeyan.S, T V Geetha, Ranjani Parthasarathi & Madhan Karky (Anna Univ- Chennai, India)E2 ந ன தமி அகராதி / 201 ைனவ க. தமி ெச வ (வி.ஐ. . ப கைல கழக , Vellore, India)E3 ெமாழிெபய கைலயி அகராதியி பய பா / 205 இள மர த/ெப சிவநாத ( தா இ ாி க வியிய ப கைல கழக , Malaysia) v
  • 6. F. வைல Blog (வைல க ) / 211F1 Impact of SOA and Web 2.0 in Tamil Blogs and Social Networks / 213 Ferdin Joe J (Einstein College of Engineering, Tirunelveli, India)F2 Tamil Classical Literature in the age of blogging and social network / 216 Palaniappan Vairam Sarathy (Software Developer Virginia, US)G. Wikipedia / வி கி யா - தமி நிர க / 223G1 Enriching Tamil and English Wikipedias Dr. N.Murugaiyan, Central Institute of Classical Tamil, Chennai, India) / 225G2 டாசிாிய பைட : தமி வி கி யா / 230 ெச. இரா. ெச வ மா (Univ, of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada)G3 வி கி யா - தமி நிர க / 236 ச. ச திரகலா (அவினாசி க நிக நிைல ப கைல கழக , Coimbatore, India)H. மி E-Commerce (மி வணிக ) / 239H1 E-Governance Activities in Tamil Nadu / 241 Dr. E. Iniya Nehru, (National Informatics Center NIC, Chennai, India)H2 New Media and Tamil - using softwares, tools and Technology / 248 S. Gunasegaran (Temasek Polytechnic, Singapore)H3 தமிழி கணினி பாவைன / 254 சிவா அ ரா , ஜாஃ னாH4 Electronic Commerce / 257 Dr.B.Neelavathy (Avinashilingam Deemed University for women, Coimbatore, India)I. Natural Language Processing (இய ைக ெமாழி ப இய பா ) / 265I1 An Efficient Tamil Text Compaction System / 267 N.M..Revathi, G. P. Shanthi, Elanchezhiyan.K, T V Geetha, Ranjani Parthasarathi & Madhan Karky (Anna Univ. Guindy, Chennai, India)I2 Tamil Summary Generation for a Cricket Match / 271 J. Jai Hari Raju, P. Indhu Reka, K.K Nandavi, Dr. Madhan Karky (Anna Univ. Guindy Chennai, India)I3 Lyric Mining: Word, Rhyme & Concept Co-occurrence Analysis / 276 Karthika Ranganathan, T.V Geetha, Ranjani Parthasarathi & Madhan Karky (Anna Univ. Guindy, Chennai, India) vi
  • 7. I4 Template based Multilingual Summary Generation / 282 Subalalitha C.N, E.Umamaheswari, T V Geetha,
 Ranjani Parthasarathi & Madhan Karky (Anna Univ. Guindy, Chennai, India)I5 Special Indices for LaaLaLaa Lyric Analysis & Generation Framework / 287 Suriyah M, Madhan Karky, T V Geetha, & Ranjani Parthasarathi (Anna Univ. Guindy, Chennai, India)I6 Tamil Document Summarization Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation / 293 N. Shreeya Sowmya, Dr. T. Mala (Anna Univ. Guindy, Chennai, India)J. Language Ideology, Inscriptions, Spoken Tamil and Technology / 299 (ெமாழி ெகா ைக, க ெவ தமி , ேப தமி – ெதாழி ப தி ப )J1 Mapping Language Change in Tamil: / 301 Corpus analysis and Computer Database Making Dr. Appasamy Murugaiyan (EPHE- UMR, Paris, France)J2 Language Ideology and Technology / 307 Prof. E. Annamalai (Univ. Chicago, Chicago, USA)J3 Tamil: A Family of Languages / 312 Prof. Harold Schiffman (Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia USA)J4 Tamil Literature from Sangam to Modern Period: / 319 A Continuum with colorful changes: What does a search of the Tamil Electronic data reveal us? Dr. Vasu Renganathan (Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia USA)J5 Open Source Tamil Computing / 325 S. Gopinath, E Iniya Nehru (National Informatics Center, Chennai, India) vii
  • 8. viii
  • 9. Messages ix
  • 10. x
  • 11. xi
  • 12. On behalf of the South Asia Studies Department here at the University of Pennsylvania, I would liketo extend our warm welcome to the esteemed delegates of this conference. Our department is not onlythe oldest South Asia Studies Department in the US, with Tamil being part of its curriculum from the1940s, it has also produced in the past some of the most important works on the subject of Tamillanguage and literature in the United States. We are honored to have members of INFITT and wishthem great luck in years to come.Dr. Daud AliAssociate Professor and ChairSouth Asia Studies xii
  • 13. On behalf of the South Asia Center, I welcome the members of INFITT to the University ofPennsylvania for the 10th Annual Tamil Internet Conference. We are delighted and honored to be ableto host this important conference here at Penn. I want to take this opportunity to thank Dr. VasuRenganathan and Dr. Harold Schiffman for organizing the conference and for their significantcontributions over the years to the field of Tamil language study. The South Asia Center togetherwith the South Asia Studies Department has long been committed to supporting excellence andinnovation in South Asian Language scholarship and pedagogy. Dr. Renganathan and Dr. Schiffmanhave provided critical leadership in these efforts, at Penn as well as nationally and internationally.We are pleased now to have the opportunity to lend our support to this conference and to theimportant work of INFITT. We hope that your visit to the University of Pennsylvania will beextremely productive and that you will also have time to enjoy our wonderful city of Philadelphia. Kathleen D. Hall Associate Professor of Education & Anthropology Director, South Asia Center University of Pennsylvania xiii
  • 14. Professor Harold F. SchiffmanHonorary Conference Chair, Tenth Tamil Internet ConferenceEmeritus Professor of Dravidian Linguistics and CultureDepartment of South Asia StudiesUniversity of PennsylvaniaI would like to extend a hearty welcome to the members of INFITT who are gathering in Philadelphiafor the 10th annual Tamil Internet Conference (TI2011). My colleagues in the Department of SouthAsia Studies join me in welcoming you here. Our department is the oldest department in the USdevoted to the study of South Asian languages, and Tamil is one of the languages that has beentaught here since its inception in the 1948s. We can also claim to have been in the forefront ofinnovation in the use of information technology for the teaching and learning of Tamil and otherSouth Asian languages, as can be seen from our Tamil Resources website athttp://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/plc/tamilweb/tamil.html and we have also participated in the conferencessponsored by INFITT since its inception. We look forward to a successful conference and even moreprogress in the development of IT for Tamil in the years to come! xiv
  • 15. Dr. Vasu RenganathanSouth Asia Studies, Uni. of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia, USAChair, Local Organizing Committeeஅ ந ப கவண க . எ கள அைழ ைப ஏ கட கட மா நில க பல கட இ மாநா ைடசிற பி க வ ைக த தி உ க அைனவைர ெப சி ேவனியா ப கைல கழக திெத காசிய ைமய தி சா பாக வரேவ பதி ேப வைக ெகா கிேற . உ தம நி வன திஇ ப தாவ மாநா பல உ தம ந ப களி ேப ைழ பி சிற ற நட கவி கிற எ பைதஎ ேபா ந தமி ந ப களி ெச ல ெபயனீெரன ஒ ைம அயரா உைழ ேம நமனைத கவ வதாக இ கி றன. அவ இவ அவனிவ ஆேம எ ற தி லாி கப நா அைனவ அவாிவராக ஒ றிைண ந க கள சிய கைள அ இ ெவனந மிைடேய பகி ெகா வா ைப ஏ ப தி த த இ த உ தம நி வன தி நந றிைய ெதாிவி ேபாமாக! இ நி வன தி தமி பணி ேம ேம வளர நா ஒவா ேவா . இைணய வழி இைண த தமி உ ள களி தமி பணி ேம ேம வளரஉ தம தின அைனவைர வா ேவா உளமார!இ தம நி வன தி தமி பணி ச திராதி தவைர சாவா வா இளைமேயா எ ெற கேவ விைழேவா ! அ ட வா அர கநாத xv
  • 16. Dr. K. KalyanasundaramChair, Conf. Program Committee (CPC)Tamil Internet 2011 Conference MessageGrowth in wide usage of Tamil in personal computers started about 25 years ago, almost with thegrowth of Internet and discussions in the virtual world through Email and mailing lists. The requiredtools (fonts and text editors) were developed largely by few software professionals and free lancers.Creativity of Tamils led to a wide variety of fonts being used for information exchange through theNet . Soon there was the realization that networking worldwide and development of standards areessential to nurture a healthy growth of Tamil content on the net.INFITT (international forum for information technology) was one of the initiatives launched to servethis need, with active participation of key software developers of all important Tamil speakingregions. Tamil Internet Conferences of INFITT continues to be the only annual forum that bringstogether all those interested in the development of softwares for computing, Tamil information andcommunication Technology ICT in general. I am happy that I could be part of the INFITTManagement, in the team of organizers for several earlier conferences and also contribute to thepresent TIC 2011 to be held at the University of Pennsylvania.A notable and very important development for Tamil Computing and INFITT is ever increasingnumber of academic researchers participating in the Tamil Internet Conferences and presenting theirresearch work. Major research efforts are now in Universities. Following co-hosting of TiC2002 andTIC 2009 by the Tamil Departments of the University of California at Berkeley and University ofKoeln, Germany, another Institution well known for its lead in computer-aided teaching of Tamil,University of Pennsylvania, is hosting this conference. Possibly for the first time, TIC2012 will setrecords as one where majority of paper presenters are from academic institutions across the world.Teachers and young students taking active interest in Tamil Computing is a very good sign for TamilComputing. So I take this opportunity to thank sincerely the hosts INFITT and University ofPennsylvania for continuing this conference series. Dr. K. Kalyanasundaram Lausanne, Switzerland Former Vice-Chair (2004-2006) & Chair (2007-2009) INFITT xvi
  • 17. தமி இைணய 2011 வா மடஅ ட கைள வி ஆழி ேபரைலகைள ஒ த நிக களா த ளா னா , அழிவிவிளி ைப எ வி ேடா எ க ைண திற ேபா பிற அைமதியி ஆன தஎ ணிலட கா . அ த ஆன த தி எ ைலைய தமி இைணய 2011 எம வழ கிய எ றா ,அ மிைகய ல. ப ேவ க ேவ பா க இைடயி , மீ க ப ட உ தம தி தமிஇைணய த தைடயி லாம றாவ ஆ டாக ெதாடர உடனி ஒ ைழ தேப ள க என மனமா தந றி. காாி கதிரவைன த ெபா மைற தா , கதிரவமீ ேட தீ ;இ உலக நியதி! உ தம ைத சா த காாி மைறய உட இ பணியாஎன சக ேதாழ க , உ பின க , ெசய உ பின க , இைணய மாநா ந ப க ,பணி ந ப க ம மி ம சாி ஆசிாிய வின என மனமா தந றி.ேந , இ ேபா நாைள ெதாடர நம தமி இைணய . நம ளிேவ பா கைள மற ,ந ப களாக 2012 மீ ஓ தமி இைணய தி , தமி , தமி கணினிெம ேம உய வைடய தமி உலக தி ம ெறா அைமதி காவி ச தி ேபா எனஉ திேய ேபா . TI 2011 – Chairs MessageINFITT had its own share of organizational Tsunami, and I am very pleased to come united tocelebrate the peaceful TI2011 that came after the Tsunami. In spite of varied difference of opinions, Iam glad to see the revived INFITT continuing its journey to conduct the yearly conferences, popularlyknown to the Tamil IT world as TI. I sincerely thank all of you who have come together and offered ahelping hand to make this a success. Dark clouds hiding the sun is a natural phenomenon. The Sunwill raise again. I sincerely thank all friends of INFITT, Members, Executive committee members,Tamil Internet Conference committee members, Working group members and Minmanjari editorialteam members who devote their personal time and money to make this happen.Let us continue our journey like yesterday and today for yet another Tamil Internet Conference in2012. Let us keep our differences aside and vow to meet again as friends in another conference inanother peaceful part of the Tamil world for the betterment of Tamil and Tamil IT. International Forum for Information Technology in Tamil Registered as a Non-Profit Organization in U.S.A www.infitt.org xvii
  • 18. D. S. Maniam i-DNS .Net International Pte Ltd Singapore Executive Director INFITT 2010- 2011ெப சி ேவனியா ப கைல கழக தி நட ப தாவ ஆ மாநா கல ெகா வதிநா உ ைமயிேல மிக ெபாிய அள மகி சி அைடகிேற . தமி ெம ெபாஉ வா ந க , இைணய வ ந க , ஆ வல க ேபா ேறா தமி கணிைமயி தா கெப றி அறிைவ ஆழ ைத ெவளி கா நிக சியாகேவ வ டா தர உ தமாநா க இ வ தி கி றன. ெபா வான பிர சிைனகைள ஆரா சி ெச , அத கைள பகி ெகா ேமைடயாகேவ தமி இைணய மாநா க இ வ ளன.அெமாி காவி பிலெட பியாவி ள ெப சி ேவனியா ப கைல கழக தி ஜூ 17-19 இநைடெபற ள மாநா தமி கணிைம ஆ க வமான ப கிைன வகி எ உ தியாகந கிேற .உ அைம வி மாநா நிக வி தைலைமயாள களாக ெபா ேபஇ த நிக ைவ ைறயாக நட த வ தி ேபராசிாிய க ஹர எஃ ஷி ம , ைனவவா ர கநாத , ைனவ ேக. க யாண தர ேபா ேறா என ந றிக உாி தாக .அ ேபாலேவ ப னா அைம வி தைலவ தி வா. .ேச.கவியரச என ந றிகஇ த வ டா தர நிக மாெப ெவ றியைடய த க பணிகைள திற பட ஆ றி அம தி கிறஅைன த னா வல க உத ெச ய நீ் ட கர க உ தம தி ெசயஉ பின க சா பி என மனமா தந றிக . ப தாவ இைணய மாநா ைன நட தியி ைனவ வா ர கநாத ெப சி ேவனியா ப கைல கழக தி பிற ந ப க எமசிற பான பாரா க மனமா தந றிக உாி தாக . …I’m truly delighted to see the 10th annual conference to be held in University of Pennsylvania .Theannual INFITT conference has always functioned as an occasionfor Tamil software professionals, Internet experts and enthusiasts to renew their expertise andknowledge on Tamil Computing. It has served as a platform to discuss common issues and shareresearch and developments.I am sure the meeting to be held at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA during June 17-19, 2011 would offer a constructive forum to engage issues in Tamil computing. xviii
  • 19. I would like to thank Prof. Harold F. Schiffman, Dr. Vasu Renganathan and Dr. K. Kalyanasundaramwho have kindly agreed to assist in the organization of the conference as Chairs of the LocalOrganizing Committee (LOC) and Conference Program Committee (CPC). Va.Mu.Se. Kaviarasan,Chair of International Organizing Committee (IOC).On behalf of fellow Executive Members of INFITT we would like to thank all supporters andvolunteers who rendered their services towards the success of this annual event. I want to offer ourcongratulations and best wishes to Dr Vasu Renganathan and his University of Pennsylvania team fororganising the 10th Tamil Internet Conference. S.Maniam Singapore xix
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