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D1 singaravelu
 

D1 singaravelu

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    D1 singaravelu D1 singaravelu Document Transcript

    • A Package for Learning Negations in Tamil Dr. G. Singaravelu Reader, UGC-Academic Staff College,&B.Ed Coordinator Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641 046.IntroductionTamil is an important language to learn different cultures of Tamilnadu and India. Teaching of Tamilis difficult to the teachers of Tamil due to the more letters in Tamil and learning Tamil grammar isdifficult to the learners of primary and upper primary schools due to ineffective methods of teaching.Grammar is indispensable for learning any language. Maximum teaching methods of grammar isadopting formal grammar. Less concentration is transacted in the class room of the Tamil language infunctional grammar. Conventional methods of teaching of functional grammar are ineffective and itlead the learners towards aversion in learning grammar. Negations have unique place incommunicative competency. Conventional methods discourage the students to learn negationeffectively at school level. Students are able to use it inappropriately. This study investigates theeffectiveness of learning package of Negations in Tamil among the learners of standard VI.Need of the studyConventional methods are unable to create the appropriate learning atmosphere for scoring moremarks in Tamil grammar of the mother tongue of the learners and also for the learners of the secondlanguage as Tamil. Traditional methods did not help the learners to learn Negations in Tamil. It was achallenging task to the learners of standard VI. An innovative Learning package can be encouragedthe young learners to learn more negations in limited time. Hence the researcher endeavoured toprepare a learning package for acquiring more negations in Tamil for the young learners.ObjectivesThe researcher has framed the following objectives of the study: 1. To find out the problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Government school. 2. To find out the problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Aided school. 3. To find out the significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group and the post test of control group in Government school. 4. To find out the significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group and the post test of control group in Aided school. 5. To find out the significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimental group and the post test of Experimental group in Government school. 165
    • 6. To find out the significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimental group and the post test of Experimental group in Aided school. 7. To find out the impact of innovative Learning package in Negations of Tamil at standard VI in Government school and Aided school.HypothesesThe research has framed the following hypotheses 1. Students of standard VI have problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Government school. 2. Students of standard VI have problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Aided school. 3. There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group and the post test of control group in Government school. 4. There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group and the post test of control group in Aided school. 5. There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimental group and the post test of Experimental group in Government school. 6. There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimental group and the post test of Experimental group in Aided school. 7. To find out the impact of innovative Learning package in Negations of Tamil at standard VI in Government school and Aided school.Method of studyMethodology: Equivalent group Experimental method was adopted in the study.Sample selected for the studySixty pupils of studying in standard VI from Government Higher Secondary school,Kalveeranpalayam, Coimbatore and another Sixty pupils of studying in standard VI fromMaruthamalai Devasdanam Subramanian swamy Higher secondary school, Vadavalli ,Coimbatorewere selected as sample for the study. Sixty students were considered as Controlled group andanother Sixty were considered as Experimental group.InstrumentationResearcher’s self-made achievement test was used as a tool for the study.Reliability of the toolTest- retest method was used for the study .The co-efficient correlation was found 0.85 in the toolthrough test-retest method. 166
    • Validity of the toolContent validity was established for the test through expert suggestions. Hence reliability and validitywere properly established for the study.Statistical TechniquePercentage, mean, SD and t test were adopted in the study for analyzing the tabulated data.Procedures of the study: Phase 1: Assessing the problems of the students in acquiring competency in learning Tamil Negations for both schools of Govt and Aided in existing methods through administering pretest. Phase 2 Pre-production stage.. Phase 3: Production stage. Phase 4: Preparation of package Phase 5: Execution of activities through using the learning package Phase 6: Administrating pretest and post test to the control group and tabulated the scores. Phase7: Administrating pre test and post test to the Experimental group and tabulated the scores. Phase 8: Finding the effectiveness of the Package for Negation.Data collection: The researcher administered a diagnostic test to identify the problems of the students in learningTamil with permission of Principals of the schools. Pretest –Treatment-Posttest was used in the study.Hypothesis testingHypothesis 1&2 1. Students of standard VI have problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Government school. 2. Students of standard VI have problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Aided school.In the pre-test, students of Govt schools and Aided schools score 19%, 28% marks respectively inacquiring Negation in Tamil through conventional method and the Experimental group studentsscore 49 %, 56% marks respectively..It shows the problems of acquisition of Negation in Tamilthrough conventional methods among the students.Hypothesis 3:There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group andthe post test of control group in Government school. 167
    • Stages N Mean S.D. df t- value Result Pretest control 30 10.63 3.23 group insignificant 58 0.08 Post test control 30 10.78 3.21 group groupThe calculated t value is (0.08) less than table value (1.96). Hence null hypothesis is accepted at 0.05levels. Hence there is no significant difference between the pre test of control group and post test ofcontrol group in achievement mean scores of the teachers in learning Tamil Negations in Govt school.Hypothesis 4:There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group andthe post test of control group in Private school. Stages N Mean S.D. df t- value Result Pretest control group 30 10.53 3.23 insignificant 58 0.29 Post test control group 30 10.28 3.28 groupThe calculated t value is (1.85) less than table value (1.96). Hence null hypothesis is accepted at 0.05levels. Hence there is no significant difference between the pre test of control group and post test ofcontrol group in achievement mean scores of the teachers in learning Tamil Negations in privateschool.Hypothesis 5:There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimentalgroup and the post test of Experimental group in Government school. Stages N Mean S.D. df t- value Result Pre test Experimenta 30 10.62 3.23 l group significant 58 7.14 Post test Experimenta 30 16.56 3.21 l group 168
    • Achievement mean scores between pre test of Experimental and posttest of Experimental group.The calculated t value is (7.14) greater than table value (1.96). Hence null hypothesis is rejected at 0.05levels. Hence there is significant difference between the pretest of experimental group and post test ofexperimental group in achievement mean scores of the students in learning Negation in Tamil.Hypothesis 6:There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimentalgroup and the post test of Experimental group in Aided school. Stages N Mean S.D. df t- value Level of significance Pretest Experimenta 30 13.70 3.30 l group P>0.05 58 7.08 Post test Experimenta 30 19.65 3.20 l groupAchievement mean scores between pretest of experimental group and posttest of Experimentalgroup.The calculated‘t’ value is (7.08) greater than table value (1.96). Hence null hypothesis is rejected at 0.05levels. Hence there is significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test ofExperimental group and post test experimental group in achievement mean scores of the students inTamil Negation.Hypothesis 7.Learning package is more effective than conventional learning in learning Negation in TamilThe above two tables prove and confirm the Learning Package is more effective than traditionalapproaches in developing Negation in Tamil.. Mean scores in pre-test of Experimental group is(10.62 and13.70) greater than the mean score of post test of Experimental group by using LearningPackage in acquiring Negation in Tamil (16.56 and 19.65).Findings: 1. Students of standard VI have problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Government school. 2. Students of standard VI have problems of conventional methods in learning Negations in Tamil at Aided school.. 3. There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group and the post test of control group in Government school. 169
    • 4 There is no significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of control group and the post test of control group in Aided school. 5. There is significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimental group and the post test of Experimental group in Government school. 6. There is significant difference in achievement mean score between the pre test of Experimental group and the post test of Experimental group in Aided school. 7. Learning package in Negations of Tamil is more effective than conventional methods in learning Tamil Negation at standard VI in Government school and Aided school.Educational Implications: 1. Learning package can be prepared for other subjects also. 2. It can be encouraged to implement to use in adult education 3. It may be implemented in Higher educationConclusionThe study reveals that the students have problems in learning Negation in Tamil by using traditionalapproaches. Learning Package is more effective in Learning Tamil Negation. Hence it will be moresupportive to promote the learners in learning Tamil.References Vasu Renganathan(2009) Enhancing the process of learning Tamil with synchronized Media, Tamil internet conference, INFILL: Germany. Sampath. K, Paneerselvem. A and Santhanam. S (1998) Introduction to Educational technology, sterling publication Pvt Lit. Pg: no:103 INFIT (2009) Conference papers, Tamil internet 2009, University of Cologne: Germany INFIT (2010) Conference papers , Tamil internet 2010, Coimbatore. 170