PARTS OF SPEECH<br />NOUNS?<br />ADJECTIVES?<br />ADVERBS?<br />
NOUNS<br />-Basically, nouns are words, which name persons, places, things, creatures, ideas.<br />Ex: Osama, Zebra, Melak...
COMMON NOUNS<br />Names of persons and things:<br />
PROPER NOUNS<br />NAMES for SPECIFIC People/ Places<br />MUST BEGIN WITH CAPITAL LETTERS <br />
ABSTRACT NOUNS<br />NAME things that cannot be TOUCHED or seen, perhaps an idea.<br />Ex: happiness, beauty, peace, love, ...
COUNTABLE NOUNS = CAN be counted<br />UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS= CANNOT BE COUNTED<br />
COUNTABLE OR UNCOUTABLE?<br />Dollar/Money<br />Song/music<br />Suitcase/luggage<br />Table/furniture<br />Battery/electri...
Changing Singular Nouns to Plural Nouns<br />Most of the time, + s<br />Ex: girl= girls, boy= boys, cane=canes<br />Someti...
IRREGULAR PLURAL NOUNS<br />man=men<br />Foot=feet<br />Goose=geese<br />Mouse=mice<br />Tooth=teeth<br />Woman=women<br />
Irregular Nouns<br />police= police<br />1 deer= 2 deer<br />1 Fish= 2 fish<br />Offspring=offspring<br />1 Sheep= 2 sheep...
Sometimes, if the noun ends with:<br />1. Consonant + y then remove y and +ies<br />Ex: city = cities, baby = babies<br />...
POSSESSIVE NOUNS<br />To show owners, just put ‘s<br />Ex: Jasline’s car, Jason’s wives.<br />Singular owner, then ‘s<br /...
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS<br />Indefinite pronouns are words which replace nouns and you do not know WHO. <br />Ex: someone is w...
REMEMBER:<br />Singular indefinite pronouns take singular verbs or singular personal pronouns. <br />Correct: Each of the ...
ADJECTIVES<br />WORDS THAT DESCRIBE A NOUN OR PRONOUN:<br />An angry dog, a frozen man, an excited cat, a messy room, a ho...
ADVERBS <br />An adverb gives us more information on VERBS. <br />~ normally, adverbs have –lybehind it…<br />An adverb te...
Ex: Adverb of Manner. HOW ACTION IS DONE…<br />His mother screamed angrily at him after looking at his result .<br />The d...
Adverb of time. WHEN??<br />Includes: early, never, now, often, soon, then, today, tomorrow<br />He spoke cheerfully to hi...
Adverbs of degree - answer the question How much? USE TO MODIFY ADJECTIVES<br />includes:almost, entirely, little, much, r...
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Nouns, adjectives and adverbs for athens

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Some basic information on nouns, adjectives and adverbs ya ^^ for more information, do refer to your textbook ya ^^

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Nouns, adjectives and adverbs for athens

  1. 1. PARTS OF SPEECH<br />NOUNS?<br />ADJECTIVES?<br />ADVERBS?<br />
  2. 2. NOUNS<br />-Basically, nouns are words, which name persons, places, things, creatures, ideas.<br />Ex: Osama, Zebra, Melaka, tables, angels, monsters, beauty.<br />
  3. 3. COMMON NOUNS<br />Names of persons and things:<br />
  4. 4. PROPER NOUNS<br />NAMES for SPECIFIC People/ Places<br />MUST BEGIN WITH CAPITAL LETTERS <br />
  5. 5. ABSTRACT NOUNS<br />NAME things that cannot be TOUCHED or seen, perhaps an idea.<br />Ex: happiness, beauty, peace, love, anger, bravery, advice, pride, wisdom.<br />
  6. 6. COUNTABLE NOUNS = CAN be counted<br />UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS= CANNOT BE COUNTED<br />
  7. 7. COUNTABLE OR UNCOUTABLE?<br />Dollar/Money<br />Song/music<br />Suitcase/luggage<br />Table/furniture<br />Battery/electricity<br />Bottle/wine<br />Report/information<br />Tip/advice<br />Journey/travel<br />Job/work<br />View/scenery<br />
  8. 8. Changing Singular Nouns to Plural Nouns<br />Most of the time, + s<br />Ex: girl= girls, boy= boys, cane=canes<br />Sometimes, we +es if the noun ends with –s,-ss,-x,-ch,-sh<br />Ex: beach= beaches, box=boxes<br />Dish=dishes, boss=bosses<br />
  9. 9. IRREGULAR PLURAL NOUNS<br />man=men<br />Foot=feet<br />Goose=geese<br />Mouse=mice<br />Tooth=teeth<br />Woman=women<br />
  10. 10. Irregular Nouns<br />police= police<br />1 deer= 2 deer<br />1 Fish= 2 fish<br />Offspring=offspring<br />1 Sheep= 2 sheep<br />1 Species= 2 species<br />Cattle= cattle<br />
  11. 11. Sometimes, if the noun ends with:<br />1. Consonant + y then remove y and +ies<br />Ex: city = cities, baby = babies<br />2. Vowel + y then just add –s<br />Ex: Boy= boys, key= keys<br />3. If with –f/fe, then + ves<br />Ex: Wife = wives, knife=knives<br />
  12. 12. POSSESSIVE NOUNS<br />To show owners, just put ‘s<br />Ex: Jasline’s car, Jason’s wives.<br />Singular owner, then ‘s<br />Ex: A boy’s room, A cat’s bones.<br />Many owners, then s’<br />Ex: many boys’ bags, many doctors’ patients.<br />
  13. 13. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS<br />Indefinite pronouns are words which replace nouns and you do not know WHO. <br />Ex: someone is waiting outside.<br />You know a person is outside but you do not know who…<br />OTHER EXAMPLES OF INDEFINITE PRONOUNS<br />Singular: another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, little, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, somebody, someone, something <br />
  14. 14. REMEMBER:<br />Singular indefinite pronouns take singular verbs or singular personal pronouns. <br />Correct: Each of the members has one vote. (The subject, each, is singular. Use has.) <br />Someone is following me!<br />Someone ARE following me! THIS IS WRONG!!! After single indefinite pronoun, 100% use SINGULAR VERBS<br />
  15. 15. ADJECTIVES<br />WORDS THAT DESCRIBE A NOUN OR PRONOUN:<br />An angry dog, a frozen man, an excited cat, a messy room, a hot day.<br />
  16. 16. ADVERBS <br />An adverb gives us more information on VERBS. <br />~ normally, adverbs have –lybehind it…<br />An adverb tells us the manner/way, time, place or answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how often“ an ACTION happens.<br />Ex: She finished her homework quickly. (How did she finish her homework? ~quickly(adverb) <br />
  17. 17. Ex: Adverb of Manner. HOW ACTION IS DONE…<br />His mother screamed angrily at him after looking at his result .<br />The doctor checked the pregnant lady carefully<br />
  18. 18. Adverb of time. WHEN??<br />Includes: early, never, now, often, soon, then, today, tomorrow<br />He spoke cheerfully to his dad on the phone this morning.<br />Adverb of place. WHERE???<br />include; abroad, anywhere, here, outside, somewhere, there, underground, upstairs ...<br />The lecturer was held there.<br />
  19. 19. Adverbs of degree - answer the question How much? USE TO MODIFY ADJECTIVES<br />includes:almost, entirely, little, much, rather, very, too<br />I am too tired to play tennis tonight. <br />Adverbs of frequency - answer the question How often?<br />Includes: always, never, usually, frequently, sometimes, occasionally<br />She always goes for classes alone. <br />
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