Changing Singular Nouns to Plural Nouns<br />Most of the time, + s<br />Ex: girl= girls, boy= boys, cane=canes<br />Sometimes, we +es if the noun ends with –s,-ss,-x,-ch,-sh<br />Ex: beach= beaches, box=boxes<br />Dish=dishes, boss=bosses<br />
Sometimes, if the noun ends with:<br />1. Consonant + y then remove y and +ies<br />Ex: city = cities, baby = babies<br />2. Vowel + y then just add –s<br />Ex: Boy= boys, key= keys<br />3. If with –f/fe, then + ves<br />Ex: Wife = wives, knife=knives<br />
POSSESSIVE NOUNS<br />To show owners, just put ‘s<br />Ex: Jasline’s car, Jason’s wives.<br />Singular owner, then ‘s<br />Ex: A boy’s room, A cat’s bones.<br />Many owners, then s’<br />Ex: many boys’ bags, many doctors’ patients.<br />
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS<br />Indefinite pronouns are words which replace nouns and you do not know WHO. <br />Ex: someone is waiting outside.<br />You know a person is outside but you do not know who…<br />OTHER EXAMPLES OF INDEFINITE PRONOUNS<br />Singular: another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, little, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, somebody, someone, something <br />
REMEMBER:<br />Singular indefinite pronouns take singular verbs or singular personal pronouns. <br />Correct: Each of the members has one vote. (The subject, each, is singular. Use has.) <br />Someone is following me!<br />Someone ARE following me! THIS IS WRONG!!! After single indefinite pronoun, 100% use SINGULAR VERBS<br />
ADJECTIVES<br />WORDS THAT DESCRIBE A NOUN OR PRONOUN:<br />An angry dog, a frozen man, an excited cat, a messy room, a hot day.<br />
ADVERBS <br />An adverb gives us more information on VERBS. <br />~ normally, adverbs have –lybehind it…<br />An adverb tells us the manner/way, time, place or answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how often“ an ACTION happens.<br />Ex: She finished her homework quickly. (How did she finish her homework? ~quickly(adverb) <br />
Ex: Adverb of Manner. HOW ACTION IS DONE…<br />His mother screamed angrily at him after looking at his result .<br />The doctor checked the pregnant lady carefully<br />
Adverb of time. WHEN??<br />Includes: early, never, now, often, soon, then, today, tomorrow<br />He spoke cheerfully to his dad on the phone this morning.<br />Adverb of place. WHERE???<br />include; abroad, anywhere, here, outside, somewhere, there, underground, upstairs ...<br />The lecturer was held there.<br />
Adverbs of degree - answer the question How much? USE TO MODIFY ADJECTIVES<br />includes:almost, entirely, little, much, rather, very, too<br />I am too tired to play tennis tonight. <br />Adverbs of frequency - answer the question How often?<br />Includes: always, never, usually, frequently, sometimes, occasionally<br />She always goes for classes alone. <br />
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