Cyber law final
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Cyber law final Presentation Transcript

  • 1. PRESENTATION ON CYBER LAWS
  • 2. INTRODUCTION Cyber law is a term which refers to all the legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and the World Wide Web. Anything concerned with or related to, or emanating from, any legal aspects or issues concerning any activity of netizens and others, in Cyberspace comes within the ambit of Cyber law.
  • 3. NEED FOR CYBER LAWS  Security of Information  Security of Government Data  Intellectual Property Rights  Privacy and Confidentially of Information  Legal Status of Online Transaction
  • 4. IT ACT PASSED IN 2000 • Enacted on 17th May 2000 by the central government. • India is 12th nation in the world to adopt cyber laws. • Information Technology Act2000 consisted of 94 sections segregated into13 chapters. • 4 schedules form part of the Act.
  • 5. SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ACT The information technology act 2000 is a technology intensive act in the sense that it talks about the use of digital signature to authenticate electronic records. It is based on UNCITRAL’s model law on e-commerce which adopts functional equivalent approach, that accepts digital signature as an authentication standard. DIGITAL SIGNATURES
  • 6. ELECTRONIC GOVERNANCE It is a kind of window of opportunity facilitating a much faster, convenient, transparent interaction between the government and its people. It involves information technology enabled initiatives that are used for improving • e-services • e-administration • e-society
  • 7. ATTRIBUTION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND DISPATCH OF ELECTRONIC RECORDS The information Technology Act,2000 has not amended the Indian contract act,1872 in any manner whatsoever. In order to form a valid electronic contract one still needs a promisor or a promisee. The act grants legal recognition to communication process involving computer, computer system and computer network by identifying, attribution, acknowledgement and dispatch of electronic records as key statutory provisions.
  • 8. DIGITAL SIGNATURE CERTIFICATES It is an important instrument of trust identifying the subscriber over the networks . It creats a ‘binding linkage’ between the subscriber and the issuer. ‘binding policies’ are needed for the same. The policies must define the level of trust of relying party shall put forth in the issuer’s overall certificate issuance and management process.
  • 9. DUTIES OF SUBSCRIBERS The word ‘subscriber’ denotes a person who has paid subscription amount to avail some kind of service. A subscriber is in a way a customer or a buyer. He is a customer with a difference as he usually pays for a service in advance.
  • 10. SECURE ELECTRONIC RECORDS AND SECURE DIGITAL SIGNATURES • Information is a valuable commodity. It needs to be confidential, secure and retains its integrity. Only a secured system leads to secure transactions. From the user’s perspective, the act concerns with the application of security procedures at the user’s level. The aim is to protect the communication and not the medium.
  • 11. IT ACT PROVISIONS • email would now be a valid and legal form of communication in our country that can be duly produced and approved in a court of law. • Companies shall now be able to carry out electronic commerce using the legal infrastructure provided by the Act. • Digital signatures have been given legal validity and sanction in the Act.
  • 12. IT ACT PROVISIONS • The Act now allows Government to issue notification on the web thus heralding e- governance • Statutory remedy in case if anyone breaks into companies computer systems or network and causes damages or copies data
  • 13. AMENDMENTS The major amendment provided that though cheque is a negotiable instrument yet the provisions of act would apply to it. The main focus of new amendments is on cyber security. The words digital signature has been replaced by the words electronic signature.
  • 14. CYBER CRIMES It is an illegal act that involves a computer, computer system or computer network, i.e any illegal act for which knowledge of computer technology is essential for its perpetration, investigation or prosecution. Cyber crime is divided into 2 groups Crime where Accused is computer victim is a computer. Crime where computer becomes a part of evidence for the crime that has taken place.
  • 15. OFFENCES AND LAWS IN CYBER SPACE • TAMPERING WITH COMPUTER DOCUMENTS • HACKING WITH COMPUTER SYSTEM • PUBLISHING OBSCENE MATERIAL ON INTERNET • BREACHING OF CONFIDENTIALITY AND PRIVACY
  • 16. CONCLUSION • CYBER LAWS_ ESSENTIAL FEATURE IN TODAYS WORLD OF INTERNET • ACHIEVING GLOBAL PEACE AND HARMONY
  • 17. THANK YOU