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  • The Great Mosque at Mecca
  • The Expansion of Islam, 632–732 C.E.
  • Pre-Islamic Arabia
  • A camel caravan.
  • FOUNDATION MAP 11.1 Physical Geography of the Arabian Peninsula
  • MAP 11.2 Arabia and Adjacent Regions, 500 C.E.
  • The Rise of Islam
  • A hand-copied page from a 19th-century edition of the Qur’an.
  • The Shahadah: “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger.”
  • Islam Expands, 632–661
  • MAP 11.3 Islamic Expansion in Southwest Asia, 632–661
  • The Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750
  • MAP 11.4 Islamic Expansion, 661–732
  • Society and Culture in Early Islam
  • The Dome of the Rock.
  • Salat, or ritual worship, mandates a sequence of prayers to be performed five times each day (see page 241).
  • Key Dates and Developments

Judge ch11 lecture Judge ch11 lecture Presentation Transcript

  • Connections: A World History Second Edition Chapter 11 The Origins and Expansion of Islam, 100–750 Connections: A World History, Second Edition Edward H. Judge • John W. Langdon
  • The Great Mosque at Mecca
  • The Expansion of Islam, 632–732 C.E.
  • The Origins and Expansion of Islam 100–750A. Pre-Islamic ArabiaB. The Rise of IslamC. Islam Expands, 632–661D. The Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750E. Society and Culture in Early Islam
  • Pre-Islamic Arabia
  • Pre-Islamic ArabiaA. Camels and Commerce 1. Isolation 2. Camel transport 3. Southern Arabia and trade
  • A camel caravan.
  • Pre-Islamic ArabiaB. The Collapse of Southern Arabia and the Rise of Mecca 1. Challenges and competition 2. The introduction of monotheism 3. Destruction of southern Arabian states 4. Mecca
  • FOUNDATION MAP 11.1 Physical Geography of the Arabian Peninsula
  • MAP 11.2 Arabia and Adjacent Regions, 500 C.E.
  • The Rise of Islam
  • The Rise of IslamA. The Prophet Muhammad 1. Early life 2. Revelations 3. A new prophet, a new religion, and a new mission 4. The Qur’an
  • A hand-copied page from a 19th-century edition of the Qur’an.
  • The Rise of IslamB. From Mecca to Medina 1. Hijra 2. Umma 3. Five Pillars of Islam 4. Conversion of Mecca
  • The Shahadah: “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger.”
  • Islam Expands 632–661
  • Islam Expands, 632–661A. An Agreement Between Leader and Followers 1. Succession crisis 2. The caliphate 3. Jihad and the two houses 4. The caliphate as empire
  • MAP 11.3 Islamic Expansion in Southwest Asia, 632–661
  • Islam Expands, 632–661B. The Challenge to a Unified Islam 1. Divisions 2. Sunnis and Shi’ites
  • The Umayyad Caliphate 661–750
  • The Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750 A. Umayyad Expansion 1. Centralization and expansion 2. Commerce and expansion B. Collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate 1. The Abbasids
  • MAP 11.4 Islamic Expansion, 661–732
  • Society and Culture in Early Islam
  • Society and Culture in Early Islam A. Religious Observance: The Mosque
  • The Dome of the Rock.
  • Society and Culture in Early Islam B. Legal Uniformity: The Shari`ah 1. Islamic law and daily life 2. Gender and Islamic law B. Tolerance of Other Faiths
  • Salat, or ritual worship, mandates a sequence of prayers to be performed five times each day
  • Key Dates and Developments