The Romans Connect the Mediterranean World, 753 B.C.E.–284 C.E.A. The Roman Republic to 133 B.C.E.B. Dissatisfaction with the RepublicC. The Birth of the Roman EmpireD. Roman Religion and the Rise of ChristianityE. From Golden Age to Disarray
The Roman Republic to 133 B.C.E.A. The Roman Republic and Its Foundation in Law 4. Representative government 5. The Rule of Law 6. The Struggle of the Orders 7. Roman citizenship and the assimilation of conquered peoples
The Roman Republic to 133 B.C.E.B. The Punic Wars and Rome’s Mediterranean Domination 1. Roman military power 2. Conflict between Rome and Carthage 3. Legacy of the Punic Wars
FOUNDATION MAP 8.2 The Mediterranean World at the Time of the Roman Republic, 264–44 B.C.E.
The Roman Republic to 133 B.C.E.C. Changes in Society and Culture 1. Social stratification 2. Gender relations 3. Slavery
A contemporary mosaic shows female Roman students wearing togas.