Jaskaran S. Kohli
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WHAT IS FEMALE FETICIDE?
It is defined as aborting a female foetus after sex
Ultra-sonography and Foetoscopy helps
determine abnormalities in the fetus. But it is
misused to find out sex of the fetus and abortion is
done if it is a girl.
CAUSES OF FEMALE FETICIDE
Obsession for Son.
Fear of dowry by many poor class families.
Girls are considered as financial obligation by many
Advancement in technology , nowadays parent determines
the sex of a child before birth.
Some of the doctors do this heinous act to fulfill their money
*Vicious Cycle of Female Feticide
CONSEQUENCES OF FEMALE FETICIDE
Decrease in the female population.
Adverse effect on women's health physically , mentally
Women are abused and sexually exploited.
Leads to women trafficking . Women are kidnapped
, bought and sold for marriage.
Suicide rates in women will increase .
FEMALE FETICIDE IN INDIA
The child sex ratio has dropped from 945 females
per 1000 males in 1991 to 927 females per 1000
males in 2001.
Estimated that 50 million girls and women are
‘missing’ from India’s population because of
termination of the female foetus.
Female foeticide in India increased by 49.2%.
SEX RATIO – AGE GROUP (0-6 YRS)
Females per 1000 males
Dowry (known as Dahej ) is a payment of cash or gifts from
the bride's family to the bridegroom's family upon marriage.
Groom demands the bride’s father to provide money for
his daughter’s maintenance as she is now a financial
‘burden’ on him.
When the dowry amount is not considered sufficient the
bride is often harassed ,
abused and even killed.
It is estimated that a dowry death occurs in India
every 93 minutes.
EVIL OF DOWRY
The Prenatal Diagnostic Test Act (PNDT
The Medical Termination Of Pregnancy Act
The Dowry Prohibition Act
THE PRENATAL DIAGNOSTIC TEST
ACT (PNDT ACT) OF 1994
This Act was enacted in the year 1994 in all of the states
in India , but it came into force in the year 1996.
Through this Act the use of pre-natal diagnostic
techniques is prohibited and regulated.
PNDT Act was amended in 2003 with its main aim to to
ban the use of sex-selection techniques as well as the
misuse of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for sex-
selective abortions .
More than 21,600 centres conducting pre-natal
diagnostic procedure have been registered.
THE MEDICAL TERMINATION OF
PREGNANCY ACT, 1971
Was enacted by the Indian Parliament in the year 1971
and came into force in 1972 .
As per India’s abortion laws only qualified doc stipulated
conditions, can perform abortion on a woman in an
approved clinic or hospital.
The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act
of India clearly states the conditions under which a
pregnancy can be ended or aborted .
Year 1972 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2003 2007 2010
24300 214197 388405 583704 581215 570914 723142 1229937 1895721 2529979
THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961
Prohibits the request, payment or acceptance of a
dowry, demanded or given as a precondition for a
Asking or giving of dowry can be punished by an
imprisonment of up to six months, or a fine of up to
Indian government has modified property
inheritance laws and permitted daughters to claim
equal rights to their parental property.
We as well educated and aware citizens can bring a change.
The government should implement stern policies against this by
removing the child sex recognizing centers and banning their
The family who are involved in this act sholud be fined with some
cash amount and sent to the jail for a minimum of 2 years.
Higher status should be provided to women by involving them in
the high profile jobs and including special reservation policies for
Higher education should be provided to women so that they can
take decisions for themselves.
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