Cars: The Evolution of the Revolution
By Jasman Pal Singh
Origins of the Car
Nicolas Joseph Cugnot’s Steam Engine Car Model
The Steam Engine
• Cars at first were put simply, Thomas the Tank
Engine without the rail roads
• The first person who put...
Early Electric Engines
• Electric engines aren’t as recent as most people
seem to believe. The first electric powered
auto...
What an Early Electric Powered Looked Like
The Six Eras of Car Production
The Six Eras
Veteran Era (1880’s-1903)
Edwardian Era (1903-1915)
Vintage Era (1919-1930)
Pre World War II Era (1930-19...
The Veteran Era (1800's-1900)
The Veteran Era
• The Veteran Era marked the start of car
production with Karl Benz's Motor Wagen in
Germany
• By the star...
Karl Benz’s Motorwagen
Major Inventions and Breakthroughs of
the Veteran Era
• Internal Combustion Engine
• Petrol and Gasoline used as fuel
• Pa...
Design of an Early Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)
Internal Combustion Engines(ICE)
• Early experiments for this engine used gases.
• Swiss engineer François Isaac de Rivaz ...
Edwardian/Brass Era(1903-1915)
Edwardian/Brass Era
• The Edwardian era was also known as the Brass era
because of the widespread use of Brass
• Throughou...
Ford Model T Parked in Melbourne
Notable Inventions
• Independant Suspension
• 4-Wheel Brakes
• Windscreen Wipers
• Electric Ignition
• Perfection of the A...
Windscreen Wipers
• There are various claims for the first windscreen
wipers.
• Some say they were first used in France.
•...
Workers in Action at a Ford Assembly Line
Bugatti Type 13
A Mercer Raceabout
One of the First Sports cars
Major Cars of the Era
• Ford Model T-- The most widely produced and available
4-seat car of its time. The Model T has been...
Vintage Era(1919-1930)
The Austin 7
Vintage Era
• The vintage era lasted from the end of WW I to
the stock market crash in 1929
• The vintage era was an era o...
The Austin 7
The Most Widely Copied Vehicle Ever
Exemplary Cars
• Bugatti Type 35– One of the finest and
most successful racing vehicles of all time.
It won over a thousan...
Bugatti Type 35
The King of Racing Vehicles
Pre World War II Era(1930-1947)
The Famous Volkswagen Beetle
Pre World War II Era
• The Pre WWII era saw the rise of diverse body styles
like the saloon and sedan
• The body also beca...
Rolls-Royce Phantom III
Royalty Among Cars
Exemplary Cars
• Volkswagen Beetle– A modern take on the Ford
Model T. It was famous for its efficiency and low
price. It ...
The Modern Volkswagen Beetle
Not Much has Changed
Post World War II Era(1947-1970’s)
The Ford Mustang
No Explanation Needed
Post World War II Era
• Post WWII cars had increased engine power and top speed
• Body styles became more flamboyant and a...
Chevrolet Camaro
The Mustang’s Arch-Rival
Porsche 911
One of the Most Beautiful Sports Cars Ever
Exemplary Cars
• Mini– The small, space saving car that is recognized
everywhere. The popular TV character Mr. Bean is see...
The Mini
A Lovable Small Car for Everyone
The Modern Era(1965-)
Mercedes Benz S-Class
Comfort at its Best
Modern Era
• The Modern Era saw the increased use of computer-
aided design
• A more diverse selection of body styles emer...
Range Rover
Nothing Beats a Classic 4X4
Notable Innovations
• Turbochargers and Superchargers
• Traction Control
• Airbags
• Possibilities of alternative fuel
• I...
Toyota Prius
A Step into the Future of Cars
Exemplary Cars
• Toyota Corolla– A simple, small Japanese sedan
• Range Rover– The first SUV. It was so popular a new
mode...
Tata Nano
Cheap and Built for the Crowded Cities of India
Toyota Corolla
The Everyman’s Car
Honda Accord
The Competitor of the Corolla
A Glance at 'The Future'
Wonder What Features it will Have?
Solar Cars of the Future
Honda FC
The Futuristic Car that will Run on a Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Ferrari’s Future in Formula One
BMW’s Take on the Future
Sleek
Audi’s Design
As Shown on I, Robot
Peugeot
A Tad Excessive for the Future
Is the Scenery any Good in Space?
Thanks For Watching
Bibliography
• Wikipedia. (May 23, 2013). History of the Automobile. In Wikipedia. Retrieved
March 9, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.or...
• Bellis, M. (2013). The History of the Automobile. In About.com Inventors.
Retrieved March 18, 2013, from
http://inventor...
• Hybrid-Vehicle. (n.d.). Early Steam PowerThe first Automobiles The Steam
Cars!. In Hybrid-Vehicles.org. Retrieved March ...
• National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Small Cars, Small Firms. In National Motor
Museum. Retrieved March 20, 2013, from
http://...
• JohnB0127. (2013). The History of the Automobile. In HubPages. Retrieved
April 9, 2013, from http://johnb0127.hubpages.c...
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  • An excellent compilation. Very informative and useful. I would recommend a separate full chapter on CARS AS POLLUTORS ON ROADS
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  • WOW!! Thats intresting
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Cars an evolution presentation

  1. 1. Cars: The Evolution of the Revolution By Jasman Pal Singh
  2. 2. Origins of the Car
  3. 3. Nicolas Joseph Cugnot’s Steam Engine Car Model
  4. 4. The Steam Engine • Cars at first were put simply, Thomas the Tank Engine without the rail roads • The first person who put the steam engine onto a ‘car’ to power it was Nicolas Joseph Cugnot. • Cugnot’s steam car reached, at that time, break- neck speeds of around 4 km/h • The steam engine was a failure because they took up a lot of space, added a lot of weight and most importantly weren’t consistent as they stopped every 10-15 minutes to build up steam power
  5. 5. Early Electric Engines • Electric engines aren’t as recent as most people seem to believe. The first electric powered automobile or carriage, in those days, was invented by Robert Anderson of Scotland • The idea was soon abandoned as they were heavy, slow and expensive due to the amounts of electricity and its availability in those times • This idea wasn’t a complete waste as from it we got tramways, streetcars and now electric trains
  6. 6. What an Early Electric Powered Looked Like
  7. 7. The Six Eras of Car Production
  8. 8. The Six Eras Veteran Era (1880’s-1903) Edwardian Era (1903-1915) Vintage Era (1919-1930) Pre World War II Era (1930-1947) Post World War II Era (1947-1970’s) Modern Era (1965-)
  9. 9. The Veteran Era (1800's-1900)
  10. 10. The Veteran Era • The Veteran Era marked the start of car production with Karl Benz's Motor Wagen in Germany • By the start of the 20th century the car industry was taking off in Europe • This era was by far the most fruitful with hundreds of different and new technologies being introduced to better man's urge to travel faster • The technologies or ideas that survived like petrol for fuel and the 4-wheeled design of cars have become the basis for cars today
  11. 11. Karl Benz’s Motorwagen
  12. 12. Major Inventions and Breakthroughs of the Veteran Era • Internal Combustion Engine • Petrol and Gasoline used as fuel • Partial Invention of modern disc brakes • 4-wheeled design of cars
  13. 13. Design of an Early Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)
  14. 14. Internal Combustion Engines(ICE) • Early experiments for this engine used gases. • Swiss engineer François Isaac de Rivaz used hydrogen and oxygen to create such an engine in 1806 • Our modern gasoline engines owe their credit to Siegfried Marcus who in 1870 put his gasoline powered engine on to a simple handcart and became the first to power car by gasoline
  15. 15. Edwardian/Brass Era(1903-1915)
  16. 16. Edwardian/Brass Era • The Edwardian era was also known as the Brass era because of the widespread use of Brass • Throughout the era motoring was for the rich as cars became more refined and reliable • Car design was still in the 'carriage' style giving them their name 'horseless carriage' • Modern characteristics like engines in the front of the car, rear wheel drive and use of ICE emerged • The Ford Model T went into production becoming one of the best selling cars of all time
  17. 17. Ford Model T Parked in Melbourne
  18. 18. Notable Inventions • Independant Suspension • 4-Wheel Brakes • Windscreen Wipers • Electric Ignition • Perfection of the Assembly Line
  19. 19. Windscreen Wipers • There are various claims for the first windscreen wipers. • Some say they were first used in France. • British photographer Gladstone Adams is believed to have had the idea for wipers whilst driving home from a soccer game in 1908. • In 1919 William Folberth marketed the first automatic windscreen wipers in USA
  20. 20. Workers in Action at a Ford Assembly Line
  21. 21. Bugatti Type 13
  22. 22. A Mercer Raceabout One of the First Sports cars
  23. 23. Major Cars of the Era • Ford Model T-- The most widely produced and available 4-seat car of its time. The Model T has been proclaimed the most influential car of the 20th Century • Bugatti Type 13-- Notable race car with advanced engineering and design. • Mercer Raceabout-- Redarded as one of the first sports cars
  24. 24. Vintage Era(1919-1930)
  25. 25. The Austin 7
  26. 26. Vintage Era • The vintage era lasted from the end of WW I to the stock market crash in 1929 • The vintage era was an era of upgrades with more powerful engines and better looking body styles • Cars became reliable, cheap and efficient • Increased popularity of Motorsport • Cars grow into a status symbol • Shortest of all Eras
  27. 27. The Austin 7 The Most Widely Copied Vehicle Ever
  28. 28. Exemplary Cars • Bugatti Type 35– One of the finest and most successful racing vehicles of all time. It won over a thousand races throughout its five year reign • Austin 7– Is the most widely copied vehicle ever, serving as a template for cars around the world
  29. 29. Bugatti Type 35 The King of Racing Vehicles
  30. 30. Pre World War II Era(1930-1947)
  31. 31. The Famous Volkswagen Beetle
  32. 32. Pre World War II Era • The Pre WWII era saw the rise of diverse body styles like the saloon and sedan • The body also became lower, longer and broader • A modern luxury the trunk or boot was included in the back of a car • Due to Great Depression the number of car companies declined • First luxury cars rolled of production line, reaching speeds of 140 kph • Standard military vehicles like Jeep came into production • No production of civilian cars due to WWII, companies produced war products instead
  33. 33. Rolls-Royce Phantom III Royalty Among Cars
  34. 34. Exemplary Cars • Volkswagen Beetle– A modern take on the Ford Model T. It was famous for its efficiency and low price. It has been produced for over 60 years with minimal changes. It also has the largest production in history, over 20 million in several countries. • Rolls-Royce Phantom III– The absolute zenith of pre-war engineering. It had superior performance and quality, not seen in most cars during that time. The Royce, even today, is considered as royalty among car manufacturers.
  35. 35. The Modern Volkswagen Beetle Not Much has Changed
  36. 36. Post World War II Era(1947-1970’s)
  37. 37. The Ford Mustang No Explanation Needed
  38. 38. Post World War II Era • Post WWII cars had increased engine power and top speed • Body styles became more flamboyant and a car’s looks were integral in the selling of a model • American Muscle cars like Mustang and Camaro were introduced • Safety while driving made a big impact, with seat-belts and lowered speed limits in cities • Ferrari is born, remaining the most well-known car company • Invention of the Turbocharger • By the end of the era small performance cars like Toyota, Nissan and BMW become leading manufacturers
  39. 39. Chevrolet Camaro The Mustang’s Arch-Rival
  40. 40. Porsche 911 One of the Most Beautiful Sports Cars Ever
  41. 41. Exemplary Cars • Mini– The small, space saving car that is recognized everywhere. The popular TV character Mr. Bean is seen driving it • Porsche 911– An expensive sports car that was and still is known for its beauty and handling • Ford Mustang– One of the best-selling and widely collected cars of the era • Chevrolet Camaro– Introduced by General Motors to compete with the Mustang • Datsun 240Z– A Japanese sports car that was affordable, well-built and reliable. A sports car for the common man
  42. 42. The Mini A Lovable Small Car for Everyone
  43. 43. The Modern Era(1965-)
  44. 44. Mercedes Benz S-Class Comfort at its Best
  45. 45. Modern Era • The Modern Era saw the increased use of computer- aided design • A more diverse selection of body styles emerged like the Hatchback and SUV • Fuel-efficiency was stressed with the knowledge of pollution and a decrease of oil reserves. • Combined with another exponential increase in engine output made cars faster, more powerful and more reliable than ever • The average cost of a car plummets, widening the variety of consumer, from high-class and lower class
  46. 46. Range Rover Nothing Beats a Classic 4X4
  47. 47. Notable Innovations • Turbochargers and Superchargers • Traction Control • Airbags • Possibilities of alternative fuel • Introduction of Hybrid Cars • Reliable small electric cars • Prospect of solar-powered cars
  48. 48. Toyota Prius A Step into the Future of Cars
  49. 49. Exemplary Cars • Toyota Corolla– A simple, small Japanese sedan • Range Rover– The first SUV. It was so popular a new model wasn’t released till 20 years after the first • Mercedes-Benz S-Class– First to use modern features like airbags and traction control. A status symbol for the rich • Honda Accord– Along with the Corolla it increased the demand for Asian Sedans • Toyota Prius– The most known Hybrid vehicle in the world • Tata Nano– A small city car built primarily for the Indian Market. One of the cheapest cars ever costing around $2000
  50. 50. Tata Nano Cheap and Built for the Crowded Cities of India
  51. 51. Toyota Corolla The Everyman’s Car
  52. 52. Honda Accord The Competitor of the Corolla
  53. 53. A Glance at 'The Future'
  54. 54. Wonder What Features it will Have?
  55. 55. Solar Cars of the Future
  56. 56. Honda FC The Futuristic Car that will Run on a Hydrogen Fuel Cell
  57. 57. Ferrari’s Future in Formula One
  58. 58. BMW’s Take on the Future Sleek
  59. 59. Audi’s Design As Shown on I, Robot
  60. 60. Peugeot A Tad Excessive for the Future
  61. 61. Is the Scenery any Good in Space?
  62. 62. Thanks For Watching
  63. 63. Bibliography
  64. 64. • Wikipedia. (May 23, 2013). History of the Automobile. In Wikipedia. Retrieved March 9, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_automobile. • Wikipedia. (May 14, 2013). Future car technologies. In Wikipedia. Retrieved March 9, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Future_car_technologies. • auto-history.tv. (n.d.). Timeline of motoring history. In auto-history.tv -classic motoring history for the discerning enthusiast. Retrieved March 9, 2013, from http://www.auto-history.tv/Timeline_of_motoring_history.html. • Dfoofnik. (n.d.). What invention led to the creation of the car?. In Answers. Retrieved March 9, 2013, from http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_invention_led_to_the_creation_of_the_car. • ninemsn. (2013). World's 10 most influential cars. In Motoring.ninemsn. Retrieved March 10, 2013, from http://motoring.ninemsn.com.au/slideshow_ajax.aspx?sectionid=75583&section name=showroom&subsectionid=7802420&subsectionname=influentialcars.
  65. 65. • Bellis, M. (2013). The History of the Automobile. In About.com Inventors. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aacarssteama.htm. • Wikipedia. (May 9, 2013). History of steam road vehicles. In Wikipedia. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_steam_road_vehicles. • Rdrsh. (n.d.). Who invented the first steam-powered car?. In Answers. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_invented_the_first_steam- powered_car. • Car History 4 U. (n.d.). The First Steam Powered Motorised Vehicles. In Car History 4 U. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://www.carhistory4u.com/the- early-history/steam-powered/the-first-steam-powered-motorised-vehicles. • Ausbcomp. (n.d.). What Was The First Car? A Quick History of the Automobile for Young People. In Ausbcomp. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://www.ausbcomp.com/~bbott/cars/carhist.htm.
  66. 66. • Hybrid-Vehicle. (n.d.). Early Steam PowerThe first Automobiles The Steam Cars!. In Hybrid-Vehicles.org. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://www.hybrid-vehicle.org/hybrid-vehicle-first-auto.html. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Milestones in Motoring Timeline. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/Timeline. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Birth of Motoring. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/Birth_of_Motoring. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). First £100 Car. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved March 19, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/First_£100_Car. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Rallying. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved March 20, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/Rallying. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Sports Cars. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved March 20, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/Sports_Cars.
  67. 67. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Small Cars, Small Firms. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved March 20, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/Small_Cars_Small_Firms. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Motoring Firsts. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved March 20, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/motoring_firsts. • National Motor Museum. (n.d.). Edwardian Elegance. In National Motor Museum. Retrieved April 3, 2013, from http://www.nationalmotormuseum.org.uk/Edwardian_Elegance. • Conceptcarz. (2013). Modern Car Era. In Conceptcarz. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://www.conceptcarz.com/view/eras.aspx?eraID=5. • Conceptcarz. (2013). Vintage and Pre-War Eras. In Conceptcarz. Retrieved April 6, 2013, from http://www.conceptcarz.com/view/eras.aspx?eraID=2. • Anything About Cars. (n.d.). The History of 1940s Cars and How the War Impeded Their Development. In Anything About Cars. Retrieved April 7, 2013, from http://www.anythingaboutcars.com/1940scars.html.
  68. 68. • JohnB0127. (2013). The History of the Automobile. In HubPages. Retrieved April 9, 2013, from http://johnb0127.hubpages.com/hub/The-History-of-the- Automobile. • deeps. (2013). Vintage Era of cars sees more inventions. In X Timeline. Retrieved April 6, 2013, from http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=31996. • Hamer, T and Hamer, M. (2013). Vintage Automobiles 1916 Through 1924. In About.com Classic Cars. Retrieved April 6, 2013, from http://classiccars.about.com/od/whatmakesitaclassic/a/vintage.htm.
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