Renaissance Art Project:Sandro Botticelli Jaryn Fajardo Megan Nolan Jazmine Rada
Background:Real name: Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni FilipepiBorn March 1, 1445 in Florence, ItalyDied May 17, 1510 in Florence, Italy
Youngest child out of 5Father was a tannerHe was an apprentice to a goldsmith as a child
Rising of Botticelli’s Career:He was pulled out of school because of his recognized talent as an artist.Botticelli convinced his father to become a painter, then chosen to become an apprentice of Fra Filippo Lippi.
At age 15 Sandro opened up his own workshop, where he taught apprentices his own work.In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV invited Botticelli and other famous artists to paint frescoes for his Vatican Sistine Chapel- there he created 3 frescoes.
Sandros Art Styles:He used stressed lines and detail to bring characters alive.He included Neo-Platonism: bringing together in one painting ideas that belong to both Christianity and pagan ideas (mythology).
He used tender expressions in his subjects’ face and in their gestures.His specialty was the use of a melancholy- sad characteristic.His individual paintings were always oil paintings, of figures and humans.
He showed females as the dominant role instead of men in most art pieces.He included highly religious symbolism in paintings- telling a story.
Famous Works:The Adoration of the Magi c. 1470- 75La Primavera c. 1477-78Venus and Mars c. 1483Birth of Venus c. 1485-86The Cestello Annunciation c. 1489
Birth of Venus c. 1485-86:Tempera on canvas.Zephyrus, God of Winds, and Aura blow Venus, the Goddess of Love ashore. The Horae, Goddess of the Seasons, waits to receive Venus apon her arrival.
It is currently displayed in Uffizi, Florence.This is well known because of its classical mythological theme that creates inspiration of the Greek story.
Relationship with the Medici Family:As a teenager, Piero il Gottoso spotted Botticelli and his artwork and offered his own studio space inside the Medici Palace.He then was a protege of the powerful Medici family.The Medicis payed huge sums of money for his work.
Painted "Adoration" for the Scala della Catena in the Palazzo Vecchio.Lorenzo di Pier Francesco de’Medici asked Botticelli to paint "Primavera" in the Villa di Castello.
Interesting Facts:His nickname originated from his older brother, Giovanni who was called "Botticello" meaning "The Little Barrel“.He was more interested in creating his paintings in a fantasy-like way.He died alone with little or no paintings within the last 10 years of his life.
About 350 years later, his artwork become recognized by the Pre- Ralphaelites.He used his gold flecked paint as an additional technique to paint.His travel to Rome to work on the Sistine Chapel was the first time he has ever left Florence, Italy.