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Leap of faith to unknown territory estonian ev programmePresentation Transcript
Introduction of EV’s to Estonian market Leap of faith to unknown? Jarmo Tuisk A leap of faith, in its most commonly used meaning, is the act of believing in or accepting something intangible or unprovable Wikipedia
Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible Lord Kelvin The President of the Royal Society 1895
„I think there is a world market for maybe five computers“ Thomas J. WatsonCEO, IBM
Future is puzzle ...
Consumers point of view
The future belongs to (PH)EVs Data: Accenture consumer survey 2011
95% of Chinese would buy (PH)EV as next car Data: Accenture consumer survey 2011
But the future should look like today! Data: Accenture consumer survey 2011
Although the actual needs are different ~110-120km per charge in Estonia Data: Accenture consumer survey 2011
and the cost of tranportation is rising Share of transportation costs in househould monthly expenditures, % Data: Estonian statistics
and the cost of tranportation is rising Do you really need to engage polar bears to explain the necessity of change?
Preconditions for change: infrastructure + cars
Planning of the Estonian EV infrastructure
EV charging use cases Public/shared charger Routine shared charging Emergency charging Travel charging Routine/planned charging Extraordinary charging Daily office charging Daily home charging Dedicated charger
Use cases and technology options AC Normal 6-8h AC Medium 1-2h DC fast 20-30min Daily office charging OK Maybe Not OK OK Daily home charging Maybe Not OK Routine shared charging Maybe Maybe OK Emergency charging Not OK Maybe OK Travel charging Not ok OK OK
DC quick charging: best match for public chargers Public/shared charger Routine shared charging - OK Emergency charging - OK Travel charging - OK Routine charging Extraordinary charging Daily office charging Daily home charging Dedicated charger
3 main use-cases for Estonian public charging network
Initial layout of chargers
Effect of one quick charger in Tokyo After Before
Quick charging standards EURELECTRIC’s position: CHAdeMO should be the first DC charging standard for Europe and all new standards should preserve backward compatibility.
Myths about... Electric cars Too small to be the real cars You can’t use them because there is no infrastructure You can’t drive them, because they don’t drive more than 120km per charge They are too expensive! Smart phones They are too big to be convenient You can’t use them, because they don’t have buttons They are unreliable, because the battery last only for 24h hours They are too expensive! And you know the story...
Let’s race! Electric vehicle, car of the year 2011 My current car
EVs are small! Really? 4445mm
Where can I fill up the tank? Now: At homeAt summerhouse In future: At home/summerhouse At office At parking house At supermarket Now: At gas station In future: At gas station
Range test: how far can I drive with 1EUR? 13km 13km 13km 4km 13km
Price test Price for me: 18 000 EUR Government pays 18 000 EUR Price for me: 18 000 EUR Elegance 1.4TSI