Local food environments

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  • 1. What About Local Food Environments and BMI?
    Zick et al., 2009
  • 2. Research Goal
    Develop a more complete picture of the linkages between neighborhood characteristics and residents’ risk of obesity
    Using data from the Utah Population Database
  • 3. The Sample
    Licensed drivers age 25-64
    Living in Salt Lake County
    Excluded underweight (BMI<18.5)
    296,806 females
    240,541 males
  • 4. Measures of Local Food Environment Diversity (BG)
  • 5. The Impact of Having Only Healthy Grocery Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese
  • 6. The Impact of Having Only Convenience Store Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese
  • 7. The Impact of Having Only Full Service Restaurant Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese
  • 8. The Impact of Having Only Fast Food Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese
  • 9. The Impact of Having Multiple Types of Food Options Relative to No Retail Food Options on the Odds of Being Obese
  • 10. Conclusions?
    Neighborhood diversity is associated with overweight/obesity risk and may be a particularly important factor for individuals living in poor neighborhoods
    Implications for…
    New urbanism
    Public policies directed at increasing neighborhood diversity