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Feudalism In Europe
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Feudalism In Europe

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  • 1. Before you leave class, you must complete the following: List one of each: What benefits do you think a medieval manor provided to the serfs who lived there? What were the drawbacks
  • 2.  Europeans developed feudalism, a political and military system of protective alliances and relationships  The rights and duties of feudal relationships helped shape today’s forms of representative government.
  • 3.  After the treaty of Verdun, Charlemagne’s three feuding grandsons broke the kingdom up even further.  Part of this territory also became a battleground as new waves of invaders attacked Europe.  The political turmoil and constant warfare led to the rise of feudalism- a military and political system based on land ownership and personal loyalty.
  • 4.  lord  fief  vassal  knight  serf  manor  tithe
  • 5. Why do these NFL teams take the names of European invaders from 1000 years ago?
  • 6.  Vikings set sail from Scandinavia, a wintry, wooded region in Northern Europe.  The Vikings are also known as Norsemen.  They took pride in violent names like Eric Bloodaxe and Thorfinn Skullsplitter Modern-day Scandinavia
  • 7.  Tuesday is named for the Norse god Tyr, the Norse equivalent of the Roman god Mars, the Spanish word Martes is based on Tyr as well.  Wednesday is named for the Norse god Woden.  Thursday is named for the Norse god Thor  Friday is named for the Norse goddess Frigg.
  • 8. A Viking ship, known as a Prow, held 300 warriors who took turns rowing the ships 72 oars
  • 9.  Vikings were traders, farmers and outstanding explorers. Leif Ericson likely reached North America 500 years before Columbus  As Vikings accepted Christianity, they stopped raiding monasteries.  A warming trend in Europe’s climate made farming easier in Scandinavia.  As agriculture increased, the seafaring life of a Viking became less necessary.
  • 10.  The Magyars are a group of nomadic peoples who were superb horseback riders. The Magyars swept across the Danube and invaded Western Europe.  The Magyars captured people to sell as slaves.  They overran Northern Italy and reached as far west as the Rhineland and Burgundy The Magyars came from present day Hungary. The Hungarians today speak the language of Magyar.
  • 11.  Muslims controlled the Mediterranean Sea and disrupted trade.  The Muslims plundered Europe during the 800s and 900s.  They attacked Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts and as far inland as Switzerland
  • 12.  In 911 Rollo the Viking and King Charles the Simple of France made peace.  This marked the beginning of the end of the Viking invasions in Western Europe.
  • 13.  Feudalism is based on mutual obligations.  In exchange for military protection, a lord or landowner granted land which was called a fief.  The person receiving the fief was called a vassal
  • 14.  At the peak of the pyramid is the King.  The next step are the vassals and church officials  They were followed by knights, mounted warriors who pledged to defend their lord’s land in exchange for fiefs  The peasants who worked the fields were at the bottom of the pyramid
  • 15.  In the feudal system, status defined a person’s prestige and power.  There were three groups  Those who fought (nobles and knights)  Those who prayed (Church Officials)  Those who worked (peasants)
  • 16.  Serfs were people who could not lawfully leave the place they were born.  They were not slaves, they could not be bought or sold.  The wealth of the feudal lords came from the labor of peasants
  • 17.  The manor was the lord’s estate.  The lord provided the serfs with housing and fields, in return the serfs worked the fields.  Men and women alike worked in the fields.
  • 18.  Peasants pay a high price for life on a manor  They pay tax on all grain ground in the lord’s mill.  Peasants also paid a marriage tax.  Peasant families had to pay a tax to the church known as a tithe.  A tithe represented one-tenth of their income

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