European Renaissance


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European Renaissance

  1. 1. European Renaissance 1300-1600
  2. 2. Words to know •Renaissance •humanism •secular •patron •perspective •vernacular
  3. 3. Renaissance • (REHN-ih-SAHNS) means rebirth. In this case the rebirth of art and learning. • During the Middle Ages, Europeans suffered from both war and plague. By the year 1300, they started to question the structures of medieval society. • Educated people started to reject medieval values and look to the classical past for ideas
  4. 4. Renaissance Europe
  5. 5. Italy- Home of the Renaissance • The Renaissance began in northern Italy around 1300. • Italy had 3 advantages that fostered the Renaissance – Thriving cities – A wealthy merchant class – The classical heritage of Greece and Rome
  6. 6. Does it say ITALY anywhere on this map?
  7. 7. • NO! There would be no unified country known as Italy until the late 1800’s.
  8. 8. New trade routes • New trade routes lead to the growth of large city-states in northern Italy. (a city state is a city which is governed on its own, it is not part of a larger country). • Northern Italy was urban while the rest of Europe was still rural • Where did these new trade routes come from? • What is the difference between urban and rural
  9. 9. The Bubonic Plague • The bubonic plague struck cities of Europe, killing 60% of the population. • As a result, laborers could demand higher wages and shrank opportunities for business expansion. With limited opportunities for business expansion, wealthy merchants began to pursue interests such as art.
  10. 10. Florence • was one of the most powerful city states. It collected taxes and had its own army. • Because it was relatively small, a large number of citizens were involved in politics
  11. 11. Life in Florence • Merchants were the wealthiest, most powerful class in Florence. They dominated politics. • Merchants did not inherit social rank, they had to earn it in business.
  12. 12. Cosimo De Medici • The most powerful family in Florence was the De Medici family. • The De Medicis made a fortune in trade and banking. Cosimo was the wealthiest European of his time.
  13. 13. Classical Heritage • Wealthy merchants such as the DeMedicis aided the Renaissance by supporting the arts. • Renaissance scholars looked down on the art and literature of The Middle Ages, they wanted to return to the works of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
  14. 14. Humanism • The study of classical works led to humanism, which focused on human potential and achievements. • What does that mean?
  15. 15. Secular life becomes the norm • Rather than showing their faith by wearing rough clothes or eating plain foods, the church became more worldly or secular. • Instead of salvation, they were concerned with now
  16. 16. The Renaissance Man • A “Renaissance Man” was a man who strove to achieve in every area of study. • A young man should be charming, witty and well educated in the classics. He should dance, sing, play music and write poetry. He should be a skilled rider, wrestler and swordsman. • ABOVE ALL HE SHOULD HAVE SELF CONTROL!!!
  17. 17. The Renaissance Woman • Upper class women were expected to know the classics and be charming. • Women were not expected to seek fame. They were expected to inspire art, but rarely to create it. • Women were better educated than women of the Middle Ages, but had less influence than medieval women did.