Church Reform


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Church Reform

  1. 1. Chapter 14, Page 341
  2. 2. <ul><li>Chapter 14 will deal with </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>The Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>The development of European towns </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of England and France </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Anything that you will be responsible for will be underlined. </li></ul><ul><li>A vocabulary term will also be in bold </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Today we will concentrate on the religious reform enacted from the 900’s to the 1300’s </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>simony </li></ul><ul><li>curia </li></ul><ul><li>canon law </li></ul><ul><li>St. Francis of Assisi </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul><ul><li>Cathedral </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Between 500-1000, The Church faced the following problems </li></ul><ul><li>Some priests could barely read their prayers. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Popes were of questionable morals. </li></ul><ul><li>Many bishops and abbots cared more about their positions as feudal lords than their duties as spiritual leaders. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Many within The Church were unhappy with the way the immoral way that they felt The Church was operating. </li></ul><ul><li>They felt the three biggest problems were </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage of priests </li></ul><ul><li>The selling of church positions by bishops </li></ul><ul><li>Lay investiture </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>simony is the practice by which bishops sell positions within the church. </li></ul><ul><li>It is pronounced (SY-muh-nee) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Why would these things be seen as problems for The Church? </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Monks at a monastery in Cluny, France begin to interpret the Benedictine rules more strictly. </li></ul><ul><li>Within 100 years 300 monasteries throughout Europe would follow the rules of Cluny. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Pope Leo IX takes office in the 11 th Century. He ends simony and the marriage of priests. </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Gregory VII succeeds Leo and follows his lead in Church reform </li></ul>Leo IX Gregory VII
  12. 12. <ul><li>What Arabic numeral is represented by the Roman numeral IX? </li></ul><ul><li>What Arabic numeral is represented by the Roman numeral VII? </li></ul><ul><li>What years did the 11 th Century cover? </li></ul><ul><li>How many years ago was the 11 th Century? </li></ul><ul><li>How many centuries ago was the 11 th Century? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>In the years following Leo and Gregory, The Church was reorganized in the same structure as a kingdom. The Pope remained the head of the church. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope’s group of advisors became known as The Curia. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The President of The United States has an advisory board in the same way that the Popes had The Curia. </li></ul><ul><li>The President’s advisors are called The Cabinet. </li></ul><ul><li>The individual advisors are called secretaries </li></ul>A cabinet meeting during the administration of President George H.W. Bush (41)
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Curia also acted as a court. </li></ul><ul><li>The Curia also developed canon law (the law of the church). </li></ul><ul><li>The canon law was on subjects such as marriage, divorce and inheritance. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope sent diplomats throughout Europe to deal with Bishops and Kings, extending the power of The Pope. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Friars are like monks, instead of living in monasteries, they wander from town to town preaching. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Dominicans </li></ul><ul><li>Dominicans were an order of friars founded by the Spanish priest, Dominic. </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic emphasized learning, thus many Dominicans were scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Franciscans </li></ul><ul><li>St. Francis of Assisi, an Italian friar founded the Franciscan movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Francis placed less emphasis on importance on scholarship, he treated all creatures as if they were his spiritual brothers and sisters </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Churches begin to rise which are bigger and grander than ever. </li></ul><ul><li>These cathedrals, were built in a style of architecture called gothic. </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike the previous churches, thrust upward as if reaching for heaven and featured stained glass windows. </li></ul>Chartres Cathedral in France
  19. 20. <ul><li>NOTRE DAME EXTERIOR </li></ul><ul><li>NOTRE DAME INTERIOR </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris is one of the most famous in the world. French for “Our Lady.” </li></ul><ul><li>It is also the Name of a famous University in Indiana. </li></ul><ul><li>Just as the school borrows the name from the cathedral, HHS borrows its colors and fight song from the University. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>In all, nearly 500 cathedrals were built in 100 years from 1170 to 1270. </li></ul><ul><li>At right is Beauvais cathedral, one of the largest built during that time. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Where may have you seen a cathedral? </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Read Pages 343-346 </li></ul>