PREAMBLE We, the students of BERNARDO F. SANJUAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL, with the helpof God, and believing in the need for a betterorganized student government, and in thedevelopment of the youth as future leaders of thenation, hereby form a unified student organizationthat shall embody the ideals and principles ofdemocracy, in collective efforts to promote thewelfare of all students and the academic standards ofour Alma Mater, do hereby promulgate and adoptthis constitution and by-laws that willpromote, implement, and maintain our goals andaspirations x
ARTICLE IISECTION 1.The name of theorganization shall beknown as the SupremeStudent Government.
ARTICLE IISECTION 2.The office of the SSGshall be located insidethe premises of theschool. x
ARTICLE III DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLESAND OBJECTIVES
ARTICLE IIISECTION 1.The SSG of BERNARDO F. SANJUAN NATIONAL HIGHSCHOOL shall promote mutualunderstanding throughsocial, civic, intellectual, recreational, and scientific programs andactivities.
ARTICLE IIISECTION 2.The SSG shall have the followingobjectives: a. Develop love of God and country, moral character, personal discipline, leadership and efficiency among its members.
ARTICLE IIIb. Train members for effective and efficient leadership.c. Help the students develop self- confidence.d. Promote unity among leaders and the student body.
ARTICLE IIIe. Maintain school aspirations to promote quality education and academic excellence.f. Serve and protect students’ rights and welfare.g. Represent the studentry in the policy making body of the school concerning students’ welfare.
ARTICLE VISECTION 1.Every student has theresponsibility to observe thelaws of the Republic of thePhilippines, and the rules andregulations of the School at alltimes.
ARTICLE VISECTION 2.Every student must pay ontime all SSG fees as approvedby the DepEd issuances or bythe Parents-Teachers andCommunity Association in anappropriate resolution.
ARTICLE VISECTION 3.Every student mustsupport and promote thethrusts and objectives ofthe SSG and the school.
ARTICLE VISECTION 4.Every student mustabide by the SSGconstitution and by-laws.
ARTICLE VISECTION 5.Every student mustparticipate actively in allschool activities and strivefor academic excellence.
ARTICLE VISECTION 6.Every student mustexercise his/her rights andto do his/herresponsibilities as an SSGmember.
ARTICLE VII POWERS AND DUTIES OF THESUPREME STUDENT GOVERNMENT
ARTICLE VIISECTION 1.The Supreme StudentGovernment shall be thehighest governing bodyof the entire studentry.
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.The SSG shall have thefollowing functions andresponsibilities:
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.a. Formulate and recommendprograms that will addressrelevant issues/concerns of thestudentry.
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.b. Plan and implementpolicies and programsdesigned to protect andpromote students’ rightsand welfare;
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.c. Monitor and evaluatethe students’ activities inthe school and in thecommunity.
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.d. Create committeesnecessary to addressthe needs of thestudents;
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.e. Make recommendationsto school authoritiesregarding studentmatters, affairs andactivities;
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.f. Serve as therepresentative of thestudentry in voicing theiropinions, suggestions andgrievances;
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.g. Participate in thecrafting/formulation ofthe School ImprovementPlans (SIP’s);
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.h. Act as CoordinatingCouncil of all campusco-curricularorganizations;
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.i. Have such other powers andduties as the school authoritiesand the studentry may, from timeto time, grant ordelegate, consistent with statedprinciples, objectives and school policies;
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.j. Spearhead anti-drug abuse,anti-smoking, Brigada Eskwela,Reading and Tutorial Services forChallenged Learners, andenvironmental programs in theschool;
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.k. Monitor and supervisethe elections of StudentGovernment Officers forthe succeeding school year;and,
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.l. Turn-over the financialassets, papers, documents, properties and other responsibilities tothe incoming StudentGovernment Officers.
ARTICLE VIISECTION 2.m. Submit financial and accomplishmentreports to the school authorities on amonthly basis. Terminal reports must besubmitted to the school authorities andthe incoming SSG officers during theturn-over of responsibilities.
ARTICLE VIIICOMPOSITION, ELECTIO N AND TERM OF OFFICE OF THE SUPREME STUDENT GOVERNMENT
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 1.The officers of the SSG are the dutyelected President, Vice-President,Secretary, Treasurer, Auditor, PublicInformation Officer, Peace Officer,Year Level Chairperson if applicableand the Year Level Representatives.
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 2.The Year LevelRepresentative/s shall beelected depending on thenumber of enrollees in theschool pursuant to DECSOrder No. 37, s. 2001.
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 3.The Year Level Representative whoshall get the highest number of votesamong the elected Year LevelRepresentatives in their respectiveyear level shall serve as the YearLevel Chairperson of the year levelconcerned.
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 4.All SSG elections shall beconducted school wideevery third and/or fourthweek of February annually
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 5.Elections for the First YearLevel Representative/sshall be conducted every1st week of July annually.
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 6.Campaign period shallnot be more than five (5)school days prior to theSSG elections.
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 7.Candidates for all SSGelective positions mustbe:a. Bonafide Students;
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 7.b. Of good academic standingwith a general average of 85 andabove without any failing gradeduring the 3rd grading period ofthe current school year;
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 7.c. Of good moralcharacter and have notbeen subject to anydisciplinary sanction;
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 7.d. Resident of the school for atleast one (1) academic year priorto the filing of the Certificate ofCandidacy, except candidates forFirst Year LevelRepresentative/s;
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 7.e. Considered resigned andineligible from all electiveor designated positionsfrom clubs andorganizations once elected.
ARTICLE VIIISECTION 8.The officers of theSSG shall hold officefor one academic year.
ARTICLE IXSECTION 8.c. Conceptualize andimplement programsand projects for theirrespective year level;
ARTICLE IXSECTION 8.d. Assist in the effectiveimplementation of theSSG’s programs andprojects; and,
ARTICLE IXSECTION 7.e. Perform such otherduties assigned by theSSG.
ARTICLE X PERMANENTCOMMITTEES IN THE SUPREME STUDENT GOVERNMENT
ARTICLE XSECTION 1.There shall be seven (7) permanentcommittees in the SSG; namely, theExecutive, Internal Affairs, Secretariat,Finance, Publicity, Students’ Welfare andSpecial Projects Committees.
ARTICLE XSECTION 1.Members of each committee in theSSG shall be appointed by thepresident from among the officers ofthe homeroom organization upon therecommendation of the Chairpersonof the committee.
ARTICLE XSECTION 2.The Executive Committeeshall be headed by thePresident and shall act asthe administrative arm ofthe SSG.
ARTICLE XSECTION 3.The Internal Affairs Committeeshall be headed by the VicePresident and shall take charge ofall the matters regarding themembers of the SSG and theirfunctions.
ARTICLE XSECTION 4.The Secretariat shall beheaded by the Secretaryshall be the official SSGwork group.
ARTICLE XSECTION 5.The Finance Committee shall beheaded by the Treasurer and shallbe assisted by the Auditor. Thiscommittee shall take charge of allmonetary matters and propertiesof the SSG.
ARTICLE XSECTION 6.The Publicity Committee shall beheaded by the Public InformationOfficer and shall be responsiblefor disseminating information onmatters concerning the SSG.
ARTICLE XSECTION 7.The Students’ WelfareCommittee shall be headed bythe Peace Officer and shalllook after the rights of thestudents and act upon theircomplaints.
ARTICLE XSECTION 8.The Special Projects Committee shall beheaded by a person appointed by thepresident and shall implement programsand projects on anti-drugs abuse, anti-smoking, Brigada Eskwela, Reading andTutorial Services for Challenged Learnersand environment.
ARTICLE XSECTION 9.Other committees,permanent or ad hoc and innature, may be created bythe SSG as the need arises.
ARTICLE XISECTION 1.There shall be a homeroomclass organization in everysection composed of officersparallel to the organizationalstructure of the SSG.
ARTICLE XISECTION 2.The homeroom classorganization shall beresponsible inimplementing programsand projects of each class.
ARTICLE XISECTION 3.The homeroom classorganization shall assist theSSG in implementing itsprograms and projects.
ARTICLE XISECTION 4.The homeroom classorganization shall be guidedby the designated class adviserwho must be part of theteaching staff of the school.
ARTICLE XII COORDINATINGCOUNCIL OF CAMPUS CO-CURRICULAR ORGANIZATIONS
ARTICLE XIISECTION 1.The Coordinating Councilshall be headed by thePresident of the SupremeStudent Government as theChairperson.
ARTICLE XIISECTION 2.The Coordinating Councilshall be composed of thedifferent Presidents of allrecognize legitimate campusco-curricular organizations.
ARTICLE XIISECTION 3.The CoordinatingCouncil shall have thefollowing functions:
ARTICLE XIIa. Coordinate school-wide activities, whichneed the participationand involvement of thewhole studentry.
ARTICLE XIIb. Provide a consultativemechanism and supportfor the implementationof the various programsand projects of all co-curricular organization.
ARTICLE XIIc. Plan programsand synchronizestudent activitiesin the campus.
ARTICLE XIId. Serve as a venue to presentaccomplishmentreport, financial reports andsuch other reports of the SSGand other organization as arenecessary or required.
ARTICLE XIIe. Serve as a venue for budgetdeliberations and appropriationsfrom the School OrganizationFee, provided fifty percent (50%) ofwhich shall be for the SSG and theremaining fifty percent (50%) for allrecognized school co-curricularorganizations and activities.
ARTICLE XIISECTION 4.The Coordinating Council shallmeet once a month or uponnotice of the Chairperson or uponthe request of any of its membersor as often as the council maydeem necessary.
ARTICLE XIISECTION 5.The School-Principal/Head shallserve as the Adviser of theCoordinating Council. As such,all resolutions and agreementsarrived at by the CoordinatingCouncil shall be the noted by theSchool-Principal.
ARTICLE XIIISUPREME STUDENT GOVERNMENT ADVISER
ARTICLE XIIISECTION 1.The SSG Adviser shall preferablybe the teacher in Social Studentor any competent, able andwilling teacher designated by theSchool-Principal.
ARTICLE XIIISECTION 2.The SSG Adviser shallmonitor allprograms, projects, activities and meetings of the SSGat all times.
ARTICLE XIIISECTION 3.The Advisorship in the SSGshall be equivalent to oneteaching load (DepEdOrder No. 43, s. 2002).
ARTICLE XIVSECTION 1.The Commission onElections, here in referred to asthe SSG COMELEC, shall beestablished within forty-five(45) days before the day ofelection.
ARTICLE XIVSECTION 2.The SSG COMELEC shallbe the only agency that willmanage the electoralprocess, including thecampaign.
ARTICLE XIVSECTION 3.The SSG COMELEC shall becompost of eleven (11) membersrepresented by each year level whodo not have vested interest in theelection, or in any way related to anyof the candidates, and who shallselect a chairperson amongthemselves.
ARTICLE XIVSECTION 4.The composition of the membersshall be three (3) from the First YearLevel (incoming Second Year), three(3) from the Second Year Level(incoming Third Year) and four (4)from the Third Year Level (incomingFourth Year).
ARTICLE XIVSECTION 5.The member of the SSGCOMELEC shall beappointed by the Adviserof the SSG.
ARTICLE XIVSECTION 6.The SSG COMELECshall have the followingduties andresponsibilities:
ARTICLE XIVa. Conduct fair, honest andsystematic elections;b. Validate the electoralproceedings and result;c. Accept or revokecandidacy;
ARTICLE XIVd. Proclaim the new set ofofficers;e. Keep all pertinent electionpapers/documents;f. Decide upon protest relative tothe conduct and result of theelections
ARTICLE XIVg. Prepare and distribute thenecessary electionparaphernalia, certificate ofcandidacy forms and otherelection related materialsbefore, during, and after theelection; and,
ARTICLE XIVh. Disqualify candidateswho have violated any ofthe guidelines, whichhave been promulgated.
ARTICLE XVSECTION 1.The General Assembly ofthe SSG shall be composedof all elected HomeroomClass OrganizationPresidents of the school.
ARTICLE XVSECTION 2.The General Assembly shall bea forum for information andconsultations, which decisionsshall be significantlyconsidered.
ARTICLE XVSECTION 3.The General Assembly shall beconvened by the Presidentonce every two months startingin the month of July and as theneed arises.
ARTICLE XVI MEMBERSHIP TO THE DIVISION, REGIONAL AND NATION FEDERATIONS OFSTUDENT GOVERNMENT
ARTICLE XVISECTION 1.As a duly constituted SSG, and having adoptedthis standard Constitution and By-Laws, thisSSG shall be, and shall remain to be, anauthority member of the National Federationof Student Government (NFSG), including theDivision Federation of Student Government(DFSG) and the Regional Federation ofStudent Government (RFSG) of the Divisionor Region where it operates.
ARTICLE XVISECTION 2.As such, this SSG shall abide bythe rules and regulations issuedby the proper federationconsistent with the policies andguidelines of the Department ofEducation.
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 1.The SSG’s funds shall be classified into Trust fundsand Special funds. Trust funds shall consist of theSchool Organization Fee, the amount of which shallbe recommended by the SSG in consultation andwith the approval of the PTCA but in no case shall itexceed the limit set by the Department of Educationin all appropriate official issuance, and the Specialfunds are funds that come from the donations,sponsorship, fund raising project or any amountderived from legitimate sources.
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 2.The SSG shall enjoy thefreedom to determine itspriorities in the disbursementof its share in the StudentOrganization Fee.
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 3.The SSG may undertakethe fund raisingactivities to subsidize itsproject and activities.
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 4.The organization can acceptcash donations from anymember or any public orprivate person orinstitution, for as long as it willnot affect the integrity of the
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 5.The SSG president and the treasurer shall bethe signatory of all funs disbursement of theSSG. All fund disbursement must beaccompanied with an SSG resolutions dulynote by the SSG adviser and all expensessupported by official receipts. The School-Principal/Head shall be provided a copy of allresolution relative to the disbursement made.
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 6.The SSG, through theTreasurer and Auditor,shall promulgate financialguidelines for properfinancial management.
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 7.Funds of the SSG shallbe audited at the end ofthe term, or at the end ofevery activity.
ARTICLE XVIIISECTION 8.Financial statements shall beposted in the SSG BulletinBoard every month andprinted in every issue of theschool paper.
ARTICLE XIXIMPEACHMENT, R ESIGNATION AND VACANCIES
ARTICLE XIXSECTION 1.The officers of the SSG may be impeached onthe following grounds: a. Culpable violationsof the Constitution and By-Laws; b. Grossmisconduct, violence to person in authority,negligence, and disloyalty to the cause of theSSG and the school; c. Non-attendance inregular meeting for six (6) consecutive time;and, d. Abuse or misuse of power andauthority.
ARTICLE XIXSECTION 2.Two-third (?) vote of theGeneral Assembly shall benecessary to decide afterhearing a case ofimpeachment.
ARTICLE XIXSECTION 3.The decision of the General Assemblyshall be final. However, the officercharged shall be informed twenty (20)days prior to his/her impeachment caseproceedings, of the charge/charges andagainst him/her, to afford him/her theopportunity to heard with or without acounsel in his/her defense.
ARTICLE XIXSECTION 4.Resignation shall be inwriting and subject tothe approval of the SSGofficers.
ARTICLE XIXSECTION 5.Any vacancy in any of theposition for the reason ofdeath, resignation, impeachment, shall be filled, subject to therecommendation of the SSG.
ARTICLE XIXSECTION 6.Any vacancy in the SSG, except the position ofthe President, shall be filled within thirty (30)days from the day the position is rendered orconsidered vacant, by appointment of thePresident from among the officers of the SSG.Immediately upon the appointment, theofficer appointed shall serve the remainingperiod.
ARTICLE XIXSECTION 7.The SSG COMELEC shall certifyas the vacancy occurring in theSSG and the SSG adviser shallcertify the fact of appointment ofthe officer to the vacant position.
ARTICLE XXSECTION 1.This Constitution and By-Lawsmay be amended or modified infull or in part once every three (3)years from its official issuancethrough a DepEd Order orMemorandum
ARTICLE XXSECTION 2.The school SSG, the Division and/or RegionalFederations of Student Governments maypropose amendments. Such proposal shall becarried through a resolution duly signed andconcurred in by a majority vote of the SchoolSSG officers, the Division or RegionalFederation officers concerned votingseparately.
ARTICLE XXSECTION 3.Proposed amendments shall be transmitted tothe Center for Students and Co-CurricularAffairs (CSCA) at least one (1) month beforethe holding of the National LeadershipTraining for Student Government Officers orany national conference organized for thepurpose, where the same shall be submittedfor ratification.
ARTICLE XXSECTION 4.Amendments to thisConstitution and By-Lawsshall take effect immediatelyupon its ratification, andapproval of the Secretary of theDepartment of Education.