Fossil fuels

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Fossil fuels

  1. 1. By: Jackie Ponce<br />Fossil Fuels<br />
  2. 2. What are fossil fuels?<br />The remains of living things that died millions of years ago and were buried under layers of rock and soil. <br />As it was under heat pressure, it would turn into fuels and then once it’s burned, it would release energy.<br />
  3. 3. What are the different types of fossil fuels?<br />Coal<br />Oil<br />Natural Gas<br />
  4. 4. How is coal formed?<br />Were plants that grew in swamps.<br />Once the plants died, they would be piled under water.<br />As it was buried under water, bacteria would grow on it and then decayed into peat.<br />Peat would be covered in mud and sand.<br />
  5. 5. Different stages of coal formation<br />Formed at seams<br />Minded out of the ground<br />Then used as energy<br />
  6. 6. How is coal used as a fossil fuel?<br />To fuel power plants and other factories.<br />
  7. 7. How is oil formed?<br />From tiny diatoms<br />Once they died, they would fall to the sea floor<br />Then buried under sediment and rocks<br />Rocks then squeezed the diatoms which couldn’t let energy escape from their bodies<br />The carbon would then turn into oil under great pressure and heat<br />
  8. 8. How is oil used as a fossil fuel?<br />Used as medicine<br />Make canoes water proof<br />Treat frostbite<br />Lamps<br />Gas for car<br />Flying an airplane<br />
  9. 9. How is natural gas formed?<br />Just like oil<br />Pumped from below the ground by oil rigs<br />Made up of a gas called methane<br />
  10. 10. How is natural gas used as a fossil fuel?<br />Steel <br />Paper <br />Glass<br />Electricity<br /><ul><li>Paint
  11. 11. Anti-freeze
  12. 12. Dyes</li></li></ul><li>Refineries and its Importance<br />Industrial process plants where crude oil is processed for more petroleum products that can be useful. <br />Helps make gas and plastic, which we need.<br />
  13. 13. Exxon Valdez<br />Happened on March 24, 1989 <br />About 10.8 millions gallons of oil spilled in Prince William Sound, Alaska <br />Largest oil spill in the US waters<br />
  14. 14. Deep Water Horizon<br />Happened on April 20, 2010 <br />Occurred from the sea floor of Gulf of Mexico <br />Caused an explosion in the southeast of Louisiana coast<br />

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