What are fossil fuels? The remains of living things that died millions of years ago and were buried under layers of rock and soil. As it was under heat pressure, it would turn into fuels and then once it’s burned, it would release energy.
What are the different types of fossil fuels? Coal Oil Natural Gas
How is coal formed? Were plants that grew in swamps. Once the plants died, they would be piled under water. As it was buried under water, bacteria would grow on it and then decayed into peat. Peat would be covered in mud and sand.
Different stages of coal formation Formed at seams Minded out of the ground Then used as energy
How is coal used as a fossil fuel? To fuel power plants and other factories.
How is oil formed? From tiny diatoms Once they died, they would fall to the sea floor Then buried under sediment and rocks Rocks then squeezed the diatoms which couldn’t let energy escape from their bodies The carbon would then turn into oil under great pressure and heat
How is oil used as a fossil fuel? Used as medicine Make canoes water proof Treat frostbite Lamps Gas for car Flying an airplane
How is natural gas formed? Just like oil Pumped from below the ground by oil rigs Made up of a gas called methane
How is natural gas used as a fossil fuel? Steel Paper Glass Electricity
Refineries and its Importance Industrial process plants where crude oil is processed for more petroleum products that can be useful. Helps make gas and plastic, which we need.
Exxon Valdez Happened on March 24, 1989 About 10.8 millions gallons of oil spilled in Prince William Sound, Alaska Largest oil spill in the US waters
Deep Water Horizon Happened on April 20, 2010 Occurred from the sea floor of Gulf of Mexico Caused an explosion in the southeast of Louisiana coast