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Fossil fuels
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Fossil fuels

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    Fossil fuels Fossil fuels Presentation Transcript

    • By: Jackie Ponce
      Fossil Fuels
    • What are fossil fuels?
      The remains of living things that died millions of years ago and were buried under layers of rock and soil.
      As it was under heat pressure, it would turn into fuels and then once it’s burned, it would release energy.
    • What are the different types of fossil fuels?
      Coal
      Oil
      Natural Gas
    • How is coal formed?
      Were plants that grew in swamps.
      Once the plants died, they would be piled under water.
      As it was buried under water, bacteria would grow on it and then decayed into peat.
      Peat would be covered in mud and sand.
    • Different stages of coal formation
      Formed at seams
      Minded out of the ground
      Then used as energy
    • How is coal used as a fossil fuel?
      To fuel power plants and other factories.
    • How is oil formed?
      From tiny diatoms
      Once they died, they would fall to the sea floor
      Then buried under sediment and rocks
      Rocks then squeezed the diatoms which couldn’t let energy escape from their bodies
      The carbon would then turn into oil under great pressure and heat
    • How is oil used as a fossil fuel?
      Used as medicine
      Make canoes water proof
      Treat frostbite
      Lamps
      Gas for car
      Flying an airplane
    • How is natural gas formed?
      Just like oil
      Pumped from below the ground by oil rigs
      Made up of a gas called methane
    • How is natural gas used as a fossil fuel?
      Steel
      Paper
      Glass
      Electricity
      • Paint
      • Anti-freeze
      • Dyes
    • Refineries and its Importance
      Industrial process plants where crude oil is processed for more petroleum products that can be useful.
      Helps make gas and plastic, which we need.
    • Exxon Valdez
      Happened on March 24, 1989
      About 10.8 millions gallons of oil spilled in Prince William Sound, Alaska
      Largest oil spill in the US waters
    • Deep Water Horizon
      Happened on April 20, 2010
      Occurred from the sea floor of Gulf of Mexico
      Caused an explosion in the southeast of Louisiana coast