Vehicle crime in the 21st Century and the Impact of Electronic Theft Methods


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This report provides a global overview of the changing theft patterns since the 1990s. It includes an analysis of the impact of readily-available information on the internet, changes in legislation and the effect of the world recession to provide a comprehensive picture of vehicle crime and what the future holds.

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Vehicle crime in the 21st Century and the Impact of Electronic Theft Methods

  1. 1. SBD Security research Vehicle Crime in the 21st Century A special report on the rapid development in theft technology, theft methods, changing legislation and the involvement of organised crime that threaten vehicle security systems worldwide. The mysticism of modern technology is no longer a stumbling block against car crime and the widespread reach of the internet makes data on security systems and theft methods more freely available. Theft patterns have shifted from small groups operating at a local level to more serious organised crime groups working on a global scale. In addition to this, independent companies are now being granted access to vehicle security system information for the diagnostics and repair market. SBD looks at these influences in its ground-breaking report; “Vehicle Crime in the 21st Century and the Impact of Electronic Theft Methods” in order to stimulate the automotive and associated industries’ awareness of changing trends and the need for new anti-theft strategies for the next-generation vehicles. This research will help you to: Learn how the breakdown of the Soviet Union and the subsequent rise in organised criminal gangs is having a significant impact on car crime Understand how the availability of security-related information on the internet and the introduction of new legislation is undermining vehicle manufacturers’ security developments Gain an insight into the future of car crime and what you need to know to help you get ahead of the thieves This report provides a global overview of the changing theft patterns since the 1990s. It includes an analysis of the impact of readily-available information on the internet, changes in legislation and the effect of the world recession to provide a comprehensive picture of car crime and what the future holds. For additional information please email or telephone Juanita on +44 (0) 1908 305101 and she will be happy to deal with your enquiry.
  2. 2. How secure is your future strategy? There have been dramatic reductions in car theft in many developed countries since the early 1990s when theft was at its peak. The reduction can be attributed in the most part to the adoption of electronic immobilisers and a range other security features introduced by vehicle manufacturers in response to insurance demands and legislation changes. But what does the future hold? Reduction in car theft in Germany and the UK since 1993 Whilst the overall theft in ‘developed’ countries has decreased, the level of professional theft is increasing and theft in ‘emerging markets’ is also increasing; SBD believe there are a number of important factors that are contributing to a continued rise... The changing face of car theft The emergence of highly organised criminal gangs after the breakup of the Soviet Union cannot be underestimated. These gangs operate global business empires and have the resources to invest in new theft technology on a large scale. The influence of the internet The internet not only provides a wealth of information on vehicle systems but also provides an extensive source of aftermarket electronic equipment that can override security systems. Changes in legislation The recent changes in the USA allowing access to security information and the forthcoming changes in the EU to release manufacturers’ security information to the wider industry will undoubtedly open up new opportunities for thieves to obtain sensitive information on security systems The world recession Historically, crime and especially theft has increased during times of economic hardship, particularly if coupled with dramatic rises in unemployment. In fact, the last peak in Europe closely followed a recession and there is no reason to consider the situation in the current climate will be any different. SBD believe that electronic theft methods will pose the biggest threat to vehicle security in the coming years. Vehicle manufacturers need to develop new robust security strategies that take into account the globalisation of vehicle crime and the speed that information can be disseminated via the internet.
  3. 3. ...know what tomorrow brings TABLE OF CONTENTS 4. What does the future hold? 4.1 Global recession and unemployment 1. Executive summary 4.2 New and old theft methods 1.1 Introduction 4.3 Emerging markets – the future market for stolen 1.2 Current and future trends vehicles 1.3 What can vehicle manufacturers do? 4.4 Developed markets – the future of vehicle theft 2. Vehicle theft in the 21st century 4.5 Future threats 2.1 Background 4.6 Future system requirements 2.2 Changing methods of vehicle theft 4.6.1 Insurance requirements 2.2.1. Key theft 4.6.2 Legislation 2.2.2. Car-jacking and home-jacking Car- home- 2.2.3. Fraud and deception LIST OF FIGURES 2.3 Development of new theft technology Fig 1. Reduction in car theft in Germany and the UK 2.3.1 Involvement of organised crime since the 1990s 2.3.2 Russia Fig. 2. The proportion of key theft as a method of 2.3.3 Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the stealing new cars Caucasus Fig. 3. Theft methods of luxury cars in Russia 2.3.4 Other countries and markets Fig. 4. Map showing the global spread of Eastern 2.3.5 Other motivations European Organised Crime Groups Fig. 5. Concealed compartment used for smuggling 3. Theft methods and weaknesses in system illegal drugs designs Fig. 6. Illegal immigrant concealed behind dashboard 3.1 Weaknesses in system design, service Fig. 7. Examples of electronic theft equipment procedures and protocols Fig. 8. Silca RW4 transponder cloning machine 3.1.1 PIN code access Fig. 9. Electronic theft tools for BMW and Audi cars 3.1.2 Pass code and thru code systems Fig. 10. Printed circuit board with markings removed from 3.1.3 Transponder cloning chips and components 3.2 Aftermarket diagnostic and programming tools Fig. 11. Complete immobiliser system made into a single 3.3 Custom designed programming tools unit 3.4 Replacing security components Fig. 12. BMW & Mercedes key programmers 3.4.1 Blank keys Fig. 13. Screen shots of EEPROM data file 3.4.2 Reading and rewriting memory Fig. 14. Example of harnesses wires being attacked 3.4.3 Management procedures for the supply of Fig. 15. “Cobra Connex” stolen vehicle tracking system security components CAN interface and installation manual 3.5 Academic research into security algorithms Fig. 16. Mileage alteration tool 3.5.1 Texas Instruments transponders 3.5.2 KeeLoq access control protocol 3.6 Smart key systems 3.7 Locking systems 3.7.1 Direct harness attack 3.7.2 CAN system attack 3.7.3 Vehicle CAN bus integrity 3.7.4 Radio frequency signal blocking 3.7.5 RF signal “grabbing” 3.8 Stolen Vehicle Tracking systems 3.9 EVI (Electronic Vehicle Identification) and mileage SBD Tel: +44 (0)1908 305101 E-mail:
  4. 4. The SBD Commitment SBD are committed to providing you with a combination of strategic analysis and raw data. Our aim is to enable growth through knowledge by: Helping you grow your business by giving you the reassurance of knowing which technologies you should develop Helping you reduce your costs by saving you both planning and implementation time About report authors... Paul Burnley – Senior Security and Cost of Rob Hare – Security and Cost of Ownership Ownership Specialist Specialist Paul graduated from the University of Surrey With over 15 years experience of advising with a degree in Electronic Engineering. He has manufacturers on vehicle security and over 30 worked with engine management and smart key years locksmithing experience, Rob is an expert systems and is an expert in vehicle in theft methods and the design and test of communication and tracking systems. Paul is security systems from the concept stage to start widely regarded as a leading authority on of production. He is a Fellow Member of the European insurance requirements and theft Master Locksmiths Association, a member of statistics. the International Association of Auto Theft Investigators and a Metropolitan Police-trained Stolen Vehicle Examiner. Feedback Form - “Car crime in the 21st century and the impact of electronic theft methods” (Ref: 2196) This report is available in unrestricted electronic PDF Full Name: format. E-mail Address: €2000 (£1600or $3200) For quotation or further information please contact Juanita Phone: Appleby on: Company Name: Address: Email: Phone: +44 (0)1908 305 101 Fax: +44(0)1908 305 106 Related Reports A guide to car theft and insurance in China Knowledge is power when it comes to planning an appropriate vehicle specification for the Chinese market. And SBD gives that power with trusted and reliable insight in this research addresses the security and insurance issues faced by vehicle manufacturers and suppliers so they can compete in this rapidly expanding market. This report also forms part of SBD's BRICs security reports that explain the market influences of Brazil, Russia, India, and China. Car theft and security trends in North America This report provides analysis of the market status in the USA and Canada. Recent legislative changes allowing the deletion of the steering lock when an electronic immobiliser is fitted gives vehicle manufacturers cost saving opportunities. This research is essential for any company focused on North America, providing a comprehensive and cost-effective guide to the world’s biggest market.