A BRIEF BUT EVENTFUL LIFEDate of Birth: September 28, 1907.Place of Birth: Chak No. 105, Banga village,Jaranwala Tehsil, Lyalpur district, now inPakistan.Grandfather: Arjan Singh.Father: Kishan Singh.Mother: Vidyawati.Siblings: Jagat Singh, Kulbir Singh, KultarSingh, Rajinder Singh, Ranbir, Amar Kaur,Sumitra (Parkash Kaur), Shakuntla.Education: Primary School, Banga, Lyalpur;DAV School, Lahore; National College, Lahore(passed FA and left while doing BA).Historical highlights1924: Left his parents and went to Kanpur towork with other revolutionary leaders.1926: Established Naujwan Bharat Sabha,Lahore.1928: December 17—shot dead Saunders.1929: April 8—threw bomb in CentralLegislative Assembly, was arrested.1930: October 7—Awarded death sentence bythe Special Tribunal in Lahore.1931: March 23— Hanged till death at Central
Bhagat Singh was born to Kishan Singh Sandhu and Vidyavati Kaur at Chak No. 105, Bangavillage, Jaranwala Tehsil in the Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India.Singhs given name of "Bhagat" means devotee and he was nicknamed "Bhaganwala" (thelucky one) by his grandmother, since the news of the release of his uncle Ajit Singh fromMandalay jail and that of his father from Lahore jail both coincided with his birth. Unlikemany Sikhs of his age, Singh did not attend the Khalsa High School in Lahore, because hisgrandfather did not approve of the school officials loyalism to the British authorities.Instead, his grandfather, enrolled him in the Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, an AryaSamaji institution. Singh was influenced by a number of incidents during his childhood Early lifewhich instilled in him a deep sense of patriotism to eventually take up the struggle forIndias independence. In 1919, at the age of 12, Bhagat Singh visited the site of theJallianwala Bagh massacre, where non-violent people gathered at a public meeting werefired upon without warning, killing hundreds. Bhagat Singh participated ardently inMahatma Gandhis Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, and openly defied the British byfollowing Gandhis wishes of burning his government school books and any importedBritish clothing he could find.At the age of 14, he welcomed in his village, protestors againstthe Gurudwara Nankana Sahib firing of 20 February 1921 which killed a large number ofunarmed protestersIn 1923, Singh joined the National College in Lahore, where he not onlyexcelled in academics but also in extra-curricular activities. He was a participant of thedramatics society in the college. By this time, he was fluent in Hindi, English, Urdu,Punjabi and Sanskrit languages. In 1923, Singh won an essay competition set by the PunjabHindi Sahitya Sammelan
Bhagat Singh’s beloved mother A rare historical photograph of students and staff of National College, Lahore, which was started by Lala Lajpat Rai. Bhagat Singh can be seen standing fourth from the right.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev weresentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy caseand ordered to be hanged on 24 March 1931.On17 March 1931, the Home Secretary, Punjab, senta telegram to the Home Department, New Delhi,fixing the execution on 23 March 1931.Singh wasinformed that his execution had been advancedby 11 hours on 23 March 1931, just a few hoursbefore his execution. Singh was hanged on 23March 1931 at 7:30 pm in Lahore jail with hisfellow comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev.