A Midsummer Night’s Dream
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A Midsummer Night’s Dream

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High School, ESL, Midsummer Night's Dream, William Shakespeare,

High School, ESL, Midsummer Night's Dream, William Shakespeare,

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A Midsummer Night’s Dream Presentation Transcript

  • 1. A Midsummer Night’s Dream A Comedy by William Shakespeare Ms. Aixa B. Rodriguez ESL Teacher High School for World Cultures Bronx, NY
  • 2. What is A Midsummer Night’s Dream about?
    • Themes are universal and fundamental ideas in a work of literature .
    • Themes in this play include:
      • Difficulty of Love- jealousy, arranged marriage, parental approval, competition, imbalance.
      • Magic- fairies, love potions.
      • Dreams- within the play and the play itself.
  • 3. What is A Midsummer Night’s Dream all about?
    • Motifs are recurring structures that inform themes
      • Contrasts or opposites- tall and short, ugly and beautiful, serious and happy
    • Symbols are objects, colors and figures used to represent ideas or concepts in a work
      • Theseus and Hippolyta: represent order and stability
      • The Love Potion: unreasoning and fickle nature of love
      • The Craftsman’s play : represents the themes of the Midsummer Night’s dream revisited.
  • 4. Who are the characters in this play? The Fairies
    • Puck -  Oberon’s jester, a mischievous fairy who delights in playing pranks on mortals.
    • Oberon  -  The king of the fairies,
    • Titania  -  The beautiful queen of the fairies
    • Peaseblossom, Cobweb, Mote, and Mustardseed  -  The fairies ordered by Titania to attend to Bottom after she falls in love with him.
  • 5. Who are the characters in this play? Mortals: The Lovers
    • Lysander  - in love with Hermia
    • Demetrius  -  initially in love with Hermia and ultimately in love with Helena.
    • Hermia  -  Egeus’s daughter, in love with Lysander, a childhood friend of Helena.
    • Helena -   in love with Demetrius to whom she was once engaged, but then was abandoned for Hermia.
  • 6. Who are the characters in this play ? Mortals: Athenians
    • Egeus  -  Hermia’s father, has given Demetrius permission to marry Hermia
    • Theseus  - duke of Athens, engaged to Hippolyta.
    • Hippolyta  -  The legendary queen of the Amazons, engaged to Theseus.
    • Philostrate  - party planner responsible for organizing the entertainment for Theseus’ wedding.
  • 7. Who are the characters in this play ? Mortals: The Craftsmen
    • Nick Bottom  -  weaver chosen to play Pyramus in the craftsmen’s play
    • Peter Quince  -  carpenter plays the Prologue.
    • Francis Flute  -  bellows-mender plays Thisbe in the craftsmen’s play
    • Robin Starveling  -  tailor chosen to play the part of Moonshine.
    • Tom Snout  -  tinker who ends up playing the part of Wall, dividing the two lovers.
    • Snug  -  joiner chosen to play the lion
  • 8. Act I : Exposition
    • Theseus, duke of Athens, is preparing for his marriage to Hippolyta.
    • Egeus comes to Theseus with his daughter, Hermia, and two young men, Demetrius (who loves Hermia) and Lysander (who Hermia loves).
    • Egeus wishes Hermia to marry Demetrius and asks for the full penalty of law to fall on Hermia’s head if she disobeys.
    • Theseus warns her that disobeying her father could result in her being sent to a convent or killed.
  • 9. Inciting Incident
    • Hermia and Lysander plan to escape Athens the following night and marry in the house of Lysander’s aunt.
    • They tell Hermia’s friend Helena, who was once engaged to Demetrius.
    • Helena tells Demetrius of the lovers’ plans. Demetrius goes into the woods after Hermia and Helena follows him.
  • 10. Hoping to regain his love, Helena tells Demetrius of Lysander and Hermia’s plans and follows him into the woods
  • 11. Rising Action
    • Fairies, including Oberon, the fairy king, and Titania, his queen, and a group of Athenian craftsmen rehearsing a play are also in this forest.
    • Oberon and Titania are fighting over a young Indian prince given to Titania by the prince’s mother.
    • The boy is so beautiful that Oberon wishes to make him a knight, but Titania refuses.
    • Seeking revenge, Oberon sends his merry servant, Puck, to acquire a magical flower, the juice of which can be spread over a sleeping Titania to make her fall in love with the first thing she sees upon waking.
  • 12. The boy is so beautiful that Oberon wishes to make him a knight, but Titania refuses.
  • 13. Rising Action: Complications and Suspense
    • Puck gets the flower
    • Oberon, having seen Demetrius act cruelly toward Helena, orders Puck to spread some of the juice on the eyelids of a young Athenian man.
    • Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius and puts the love potion on his eyes.
    • Lysander sees Helena and falls deeply in love with her, abandoning Hermia.
    • Titania wakes, the first person she sees is Bottom, whose head Puck has transformed into that of a donkey.
  • 14. Titania wakes, the first person she sees is Bottom, whose head Puck has transformed into that of a donkey.
  • 15. Conflict and Climax
    • Puck has to undo his mistake
    • Lysander and Demetrius both end up in love with Helena, who believes that they are making fun of her.
    • Hermia becomes jealous and challenges Helena to a fight.
    • Demetrius and Lysander nearly do fight over Helena’s love, but Puck confuses them by mimicking their voices.
  • 16. Demetrius and Lysander nearly do fight over Helena’s love, Hermia becomes jealous.
  • 17. Hermia becomes jealous and challenges Helena to a fight
  • 18. Falling Action
    • Oberon obtains the Indian boy
    • Puck spreads the love potion on Lysander’s eyelids, and by morning all is well.
    • Theseus and Hippolyta discover the sleeping lovers in the forest and take them back to Athens to be married
    • Demetrius now loves Helena, and Lysander now loves Hermia.
  • 19. Resolution
    • After the wedding, the couples watch the craftsmen perform their play, a fumbling, hilarious version of the story of Pyramus and Thisbe.
    • The lovers go to bed; the fairies bless the sleeping couples and then disappear.
    • Puck remains, to ask the audience for its forgiveness and approval and to urge it to remember the play as though it had all been a dream.
  • 20. A play within a play The couples watch the craftsmen perform their play, a fumbling, hilarious version of the story of Pyramus and Thisbe.
  • 21. References
    • SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on A Midsummer Night’s Dream.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 7 Dec. 2009.
    • Pictures from a Google search “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”