MISO L002 it concepts and management


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MISO L002 it concepts and management

  1. 1. Prepared by: Jan Wong<br />I.T: CONCEPTS<br />ManagementInformation Systemsin Organizations<br />& MANAGEMENT<br />
  2. 2. The Learning Outcomes<br />At the end of this session you should be able to:<br />The various information systems & their evaluation<br />DESCRIBE<br />Information Infrastructure and Architecture<br />DISCUSS<br />
  3. 3. What is a…<br />WEB BASED SYSTEM?<br />“Applications or services that are resident on a server that is accessible using a Web Browser.”<br />
  6. 6. TYPES OF <br />WEB BASED SYSTEMS / ARCHITECTURE<br />7<br />
  7. 7. <ul><li> Uses a portion of the total resources of the currently existing public telecommunication networks
  8. 8. Uses of a set of protocols called TCP/IP(Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)</li></ul>#1<br />Getting to understand…<br />INTERNET<br />“A worldwide system of computer networks — a network of networks”<br />
  9. 9. <ul><li> Typically a complete LAN, or several intra-connected LANs
  10. 10. Intranets are used for:
  11. 11. Work-group activities
  12. 12. Distributed sharing of projects within the enterprise
  13. 13. Controlled access to company financial documents
  14. 14. Use of knowledge management, research materials, online training, and other information that requires distribution within the enterprise</li></ul>#2<br />Getting to understand…<br />INTRANET<br />“The use of Web technologies to create a private network, usually within one enterprise”<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>Connect several intranets via the Internet, by adding a security mechanism and some additional functionalities
  16. 16. Also employed by two or more enterprises (suppliers & buyers) to share information in a controlled fashion
  17. 17. a major role in the development of B2B electronic commerce and Supply Chain systems</li></ul>#3<br />Getting to understand…<br />EXTRANET<br />“A larger virtual network that allows remote users (such as business partners or mobile employees) to securely connect over the Internetto the enterprise’s main intranet”<br />
  18. 18. #4<br />Getting to understand…<br /><ul><li> They aggregate information and content from many files and present it to the user
  19. 19. Intranets and Extranets are usually combined with and accessed via a corporate portal
  20. 20. Used to personalize information for individual customers and for employees</li></ul>CORPORATE<br />PORTALS<br />“Websites that provide the gateway to corporate information from a single point of access”<br />
  21. 21. #5<br />Getting to understand…<br /><ul><li> Some classifications of E-commerce systems are:
  22. 22. B2C (Business to Consumer)
  23. 23. B2B (Business to Business)
  24. 24. B2E (Business to Employee)
  25. 25. Some of the major components:
  26. 26. Electronic storefronts
  27. 27. Electronic markets
  28. 28. Electronic Exchanges</li></ul>E-COMMERCE<br />SYSTEMS<br />“Web-based systems that enable business transactions to be conducted seamlessly 24/7”<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li> The storefront may include electronic catalogs that contain descriptions, graphics, and possibly product reviews
  30. 30. Common features and functions:
  31. 31. E-catalog
  32. 32. Shopping cart
  33. 33. Checkout mechanism
  34. 34. Payment processing feature
  35. 35. Back office order fulfillment system</li></ul>#5.1<br />Getting to understand…<br />ELECTRONIC<br />STOREFRONTS<br />“Using the electronic storefront, an e-business can display and/or sell its products equivalent to a physical store.”<br />
  36. 36. <ul><li> The principal participants in marketplaces are: transaction handlers, buyers, brokers, and sellers
  37. 37. Private marketplaces:
  38. 38. Resides in one company, where there is either one seller and many buyers, or one buyer and many sellers</li></ul>#5.2<br />Getting to understand…<br />ELECTRONIC<br />MARKETS<br />“A web-based network of interactions and relationships over which information, products, services, and payments are exchanged.”<br />
  39. 39. <ul><li> Originally set as trading places for commodities, electronic exchanges have emerged for all kinds of products and services</li></ul>#5.3<br />Getting to understand…<br />ELECTRONIC<br />EXCHANGES<br />“Web-based public marketplaces where many buyers and many sellers interact dynamically.”<br />
  40. 40. <ul><li> Enables users to access the Internet without needing to find a place to “plug” in their device
  41. 41. As this wireless environment expands, apervasive computing environmentwill develop, employed by mobile employees and others, will change the way business is transacted</li></ul>#6<br />Getting to understand…<br />MOBILE<br />COMMERCE<br />“Commerce (buying and selling of goods and services) in a wireless environment, such as through wireless devices like cellular telephones and PDAs.”<br />
  42. 42. <ul><li> Applications including: business integration, collaboration, content management, identity management, and search, which work together via integrating technologies
  43. 43. The result is an environment that spans the entire enterprise
  44. 44. Look at: Microsoft, Google, IBM, SAP, Oracle and more!</li></ul>#7<br />Getting to understand…<br />ENTERPRISE<br />WEB<br />“An open environment for managing and delivering Web applications by combining services from different vendors in a technology layer that spans rival platforms and business systems, creating a foundation for building applications at a lower cost.”<br />
  45. 45. Managing Information Systems<br />Why do organizations want to manage I.S.?<br />I.S. have enormous strategic value<br />Processes can’t function when the I.S. is down<br />Life Cycle Costs (acquisition, operation, security, and maintenance)<br />Therefore:<br />The planning, organizing, implementing, operating, and controlling of the infrastructures and the organization’s portfolio of applications must be done with great skill<br />
  46. 46. Managing Information Systems<br />Who manages the I.S.?<br />The information systems department(ISD), which is a corporate entity<br />Initiating and designing strategic I.S.<br />Incorporating various technologies into the business<br />Managing all system integration <br />Educating, training and supporting users<br />The end users, who are scattered throughout the organization<br />The users that will be updating data<br />
  47. 47. THINGS TO TAKE NOTE<br />Understand what is a Web Based System - How is it different from traditional systems?<br />Know the various types of Web Based Systems and Architecture<br />Understand the differences and implementation for various Web Based Systems and Architecture<br />Know the importance of Information Systems and how is it managed<br />
  48. 48. I.T. CONCEPTS & MANAGEMENT<br />
  49. 49. IT’S TIME FOR SOME DISCUSSIONS!<br />Define: the Intranet, Extranet and Internet<br />What are they used for?<br />Examples?<br />Explain the roles of:<br />Corporate Portals, <br />E-Commerce (E-Storefront, E-Market, E-Exchange) <br />Enterprise Web<br />Who / What are Knowledge Workers?<br />
  50. 50. IT’S TIME FOR SOME DISCUSSIONS!<br />M-Commerce is said to surpass E-Commerce. Which industries will be most affected by M-Commerce? Why?<br />Why is there a shift from client-server (intranet / extranet) computing to Web-based computing?<br />
  51. 51. Coming soon… next class<br />NETWORK<br />ManagementInformation Systemsin Organizations<br />COMPUTING<br />What are networks? How do networks work? Real life applications! <br />
  52. 52. Quick Chapter Revision<br />Internet<br />Intranet<br />Extranet<br />Corporate Portals<br />E-Commerce Systems<br />E-Storefronts<br />E-Marketplace<br />E-Exchange<br />Mobile Commerce<br />Enterprise Web<br />
  53. 53. IT’S TIME FOR SOME IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES!<br />Break yourselves into groups of 5 – 6 members<br />Select an industry to start your small business in<br />Assume that your business wants to become an e-business<br />Which web-based architecture / system would you use? Why?<br />Present it to the class (5 minutes)<br />