Inquiry Teaching involves providing learners with
content-related problems that serve as the foci for class
research activities. The teacher provides/presents a problem
then the learners identify the problem.
THE STEPS IN THE PROCESS OF
• Present discrepant event or specific problematic situation.
• Encourage observation for developing a statement of research
• Ask students for observation and explanation
• Encourage the testing of the hypothesis
• Develop tentative conclusion and generalization
• Debrief the process
Demonstration Approach is a teaching strategy in
which the teacher engages “in a learning task other
than just talking about it”.
Discovery Learning is “International Learning” . Both the
teacher and the learner play active roles in discovery learning
depending upon on the role that the teacher plays, this can
range from guided discovery (needs strict supervision) to free or
pure discovery (very little supervision needed)
Steps of lesson planning were adopted as given by Carin and
1) Statement of the problem.
2) Previous knowledge.
3) Concept to be developed.
4) Specific objectives.
5) Teaching aids.
7) Questions of Discussion.
8) Investigative activities of students.
9) Observation table made by the
11) Open questions.
12) Teacher activity.
The Mathematics Laboratory Approach is a
method of teaching whereby children in small
groups work through an assignment/task card, learn
and discover mathematics for themselves.
PRACTICAL WORK APPROACH (PWA)
The learners in this approach, manipulate concrete
objects and/or perform activities to arrive at a conceptual
understanding of phenomena, situation, or concept. The
environment is a laboratory where the natural
events/phenomena can be subjects of mathematical or
The application of Individualized Instruction permits the learners to
progress by mastering steps through the curriculum at his/her own rate
and independently of the progress of other pupils.
It is a teaching strategy in which the teacher elicits
from the learners as many ideas as possible but refrains
from evaluating them until all possible ideas have been
OCCURS IN 4 PHASES
1) problem identification,
2) idea generation,
3) idea evaluation, and
4) solution implementation and evaluation.
Problem-solving can best be defined as a learner-directed
strategy in which learners “think patiently and analytically about
complex situations in order to find answers to questions”. A
problem is defined as a “situation in which you are trying to
reach some goal, and must find means for getting there”.
Cooperative learning is helpful in eliminating
competition among learners. It encourages them to
work together towards common goals. It fosters
positive intergroup attitudes in the classroom.
The Integrated Curriculum Mode (Integrative teaching to
some) is both a “method of teaching and a way of
organizing the instructional program so that many subject
areas and skills provided in the curriculum can be linked
to one another”.