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Essence Of Containerizati on 230508
 

Essence Of Containerizati on 230508

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    Essence Of Containerizati on 230508 Essence Of Containerizati on 230508 Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • Essence of Containerization
      • Containerization
      • Container
      • Container System
      • Operation Sites
      • Methodology
      • Equipment
      • Import / Export Cycle
      • Tracking and Security
      • Container Management Info. System (CMIS)
      • Future
    • Containerization
      • Purpose / Philosophy
      • 2. Evolution / History
      • 3. Advantages
    • Containerization
      • Purpose / Philosophy
      • Evolution / History
      • Advantages
    • Categories of Sea Cargo
      • Liquid Bulk
      • Dry Bulk
      • General: Coventional
      • Container
    • Categories of Sea Cargo
      • Liquid Bulk
      • Dry Bulk
      • General: Conventional
      • Container
    •  
    • Categories of Sea Cargo
      • Liquid Bulk
      • Dry Bulk
      • General: Conventional
      • Container
    •  
    •  
    • Categories of Sea Cargo
      • Liquid Bulk
      • Dry Bulk
      • General: Conventional/Breakbulk
      • Container
    •  
    • General Cargo: Break bulk
      • Labour Intensive
      • Time Consuming
      • Cost – ineffective
    • Unitization
      • Palletization
      • Jumboization
      • Ro-Ro
      • Lash
      • Containerization
    • General Cargo: Break bulk
      • Labour Intensive
      • Time Consuming
      • Cost – ineffective
    •  
    • Unitization
      • Palletization
      • Jumboization
      • Ro-Ro
      • Lash
      • Containerization
    •  
    • Unitization
      • Palletization
      • Jumboization
      • Ro-Ro
      • Lash
      • Containerization
    •  
    • Unitization
      • Palletization
      • Jumboization
      • Ro-Ro
      • LASH
      • Containerization
    •  
    •  
    • Unitization
      • Palletization
      • Jumboization
      • Ro-Ro
      • Lash
      • Containerization
    •  
    • Philosophy of Containerisation
      • To reduce to absolute minimum the number of times a piece of cargo is handled
    • Containerization
      • Purpose / Philosophy
      • Evolution / History
      • 3. Advantages
    • Evolution / History of Containerisation
      • Rail Container – 1920
      • Sea/ Marine Container – 2 nd World War
      • Malcom Maclean – Sealand
      • First Sea Container Transportation – 1956
      • Piggy back system on RORO
      • Dedicted Container Ship----1966
    •  
    •  
    • Containerization
      • Purpose / Philosophy
      • Evolution / History
      • Advantages
    • ADVANTAGES OF CONTAINERIZATION
      • Reduced ship time in Port
      • Better berth utilization
      • Reduced time between producer and consumer
      • Minimum physical handling of cargo – less damage
      • Good security – less pilferage
      • Protection against weather and other harmful atmosphere
      • Less labour & staff cost
      • Saving in packaging cost
    • Container
      • Definition
      • Physical Characteristics
      • Types
    • Container : Definition
      • Rectangular Box
      • Weatherproof
      • Safe and Secure
      • Standardized features
    •  
    • CONTAINER
      • Physical Characteristics
      • Types
      • Size – Weight
      • Markings
      • Construction Material
    • Container Types
      • Dry General
      • Open Top
      • Open Sided
      • Open Top-open Sided
      • Reefer
      • Special
        • Tank
        • Pen
        • Car
    • Container Size
      • LENGTH : 20 FT
      • 40 FT
      • WIDTH : 8 FT
      • HEIGHT : 8 FT 6 INCH
      • 9 FT
      • 9 FT 6 INCH
    •  
    • Container Weight
      • Tare Weight : 1.5 to 2.5 tons
      • Max Gross Weight : 20 to 45 tons
      • Pay Load : 18 to 42 tons
    • Container Markings ALPHA NUMERICAL MARK APLU 204151 2 Agent Code Serial Number Check Digit On All Sides Except Bottom
    • Container Material
      • Steel
      • Aluminum
      • FRP / Plywood
    • CONTAINER SYSTEM
      • Ship operation
      • Quay operation
      • Yard operation
      • R & D operation
      Termina l Off Terminal
    •  
    • Container Cycle Ship Operation Quay Operation Yard Operation
    • Ship Operation
      • Aim : To turnaround the vessel at the quickest possible time .
      • Key Tasks
      • Interpreting / making Bay Plan
      • No. of cranes to be mobilized
      • Discharging / Loading sequence
      • Allocating jobs to Crane
    • 20 feet Bays
    • 40 feet Bays
    • 20 – 40 feet bays
    •  
    • Row Numbering
    • Tier Numbering
    • Odd Bay Numbering
    • Even Bay Numbering
    •  
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    • Quay Operation
      • Aim : To keep pace with Ship Operation
      • Key Tasks
      • Determining no. of prime movers
      • Assigning PM/Straddle Carriers to ind. Cranes.
    •  
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    • Yard Operation
      • Aim : Receiving / Despatching containers sequentially and quickly
      • Key Tasks
      • Planning storage
      • Yard Address
      • Order of stacking
      • Determining and allocating yard equipments
    •  
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    • Receipt / Delivery Operation
        • Key Tasks
        • Receipt of Loaded Export Containers
        • Receipt of loose export cargo and stuffing
        • Delivery of import cargo alongwith container
        • Delivery of import cargo in loose form after destuffing
    • CONTAINER SYSTEM FACILITIES
      • A : TERMINAL
      • Quay or Berth
      • Quay Apron or Wharf
      • Yard
      • Control Centre
      • Gate
    •  
    •  
    • Types of Container Terminal
      • Feeder
      • Mainline
      • Hub
    • Feeder Terminal
      • Definition: Where vessels directly calling at POD/POO cannot be supported and so containers have to be handled through smaller vessels for connecting to mother vessels calling at other ports/terminals
      • Characteristics
        • Shallow berth – less then 10 m draft
        • Low volume
        • Poor/inadequate infrastructure/equipment
        • Low productivity
    • Mainline Terminal
      • Definition: Where vessels calling directly at POD/POO can be serviced
      • Characteristics
        • Modestly high draft – 12 m
        • Quay length – upto 300 m
        • Good productivity – 50-70 moves/vessel hour
        • Sufficient exchange per call
    • HUB Terminal
      • Definition: Where mega ships (more than 6000 tues) with container for several ports can be serviced
      • Characteristics
        • Draft more than 14.5 m
        • Quay length in excess of 330 m
        • Equipped with many high capability quay cranes
        • Large backup area (yard) – more than 10000 tue cap.
        • Good hinterland connectivity
        • Productivity in excess of 120 moves/hour
    • Receipt / Delivery Operation Sites
      • Container Freight Station
      • Inland Container Depot
    • Container Freight Station (CFS)
      • To provide place for storing import/export FCL containers
      • To provide facilities for completing customs/documentation formalities before delivery/shipment
      • To destuff LCL import containers and to provide space for their storage before delivery
      • To receive and consolidate individual export consignments and stuff them as LCL cargo
    • Definition of FCL/LCL
      • FCL : Full Container Load
      • LCL : Less than Container Load
    • Container Freight Station
      • Features
      • Yard
      • Shed : Ramp / Plinth
      • Reefer points
      • Documentation centre
      • Gate
    •  
    •  
    • Inland Container Depot (ICD)
      • Similar to CFS but at upcountry / hinterland
      • Also called Dry port
      • First in Bangalore in 1981
      • Today 55 ICDs
      • Another 25 expected
      • Share of ICD Containers is 30%
      • Expected to increase to 40%
      • Development of Delhi Freight Corridor (DFC)
    •  
    •  
    • Delhi Fright Corridor
      • Delhi – Howrah
      • Delhi – Mumbai (JNPT)
        • Via Ahemadabad – Pallanpur
        • Via Kota – Ratlam
      • Estimated Cost : Rs. 12000 crore
      • Double line
      • Double stack with welled wagons
    •  
    • CONTAINER METHODOLOGY
      • Systems for terminal operation
      • Chassis Stand Alone
      • Straddle Carrier Stand Alone
      • Straddle Carrier – Tractor / Trailer
      • Transtainer – Tractor / Trailer
      • Front Loader
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • Handling Systems Comparison Parameter Chassis Straddle Carrier Transtainer Space Requirement Very Large Medium Small Cost High Moderate Medium Manning Level More men / low skill Less men / High skill More men / Medium skill Selectivity Very good Medium Low Quay crane efficiency Low Very good Bad Container damage Very Low High Medium Maintenance Very low Very high Low Computerisations Limited Medium High
    • Container Equipment
      • Rail mounted Quay Gantry Crane
      • Straddle Carrier
      • Transtainer : RTG / RMGC
      • Front Loader: Reach Stacker / TLT
      • Spreader
    •  
    • Container Equipment
      • Rail mounted Quay Gantry Crane
      • Straddle Carrier
      • Transtainer : RTG / RMGC
      • Front Loader: Reach Stacker / TLT
      • Spreader
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • Container Equipment
      • Rail mounted Quay Gantry Crane
      • Straddle Carrier
      • Transtainer : RTG / RMGC
      • Front Loader: Reach Stacker / TLT
      • Spreader
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • Container Equipment
      • Rail mounted Quay Gantry Crane
      • Straddle Carrier
      • Transtainer : RTG / RMGC
      • Front Loader: Reach Stacker / TLT
      • Spreader
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • CONTAINER EQUIPMENT
      • SPREADER
      • Manual
      • Semi – automatic
      • Automatic
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • Container Management Information System (CMIS)
      • Necessary for :
      • Planning
      • Operations
      • Monitoring
      • Tracking
      • Billing
      • Query
    • Container Management Information System (CMIS)
      • Kinds of information:
      • Vessels related
      • Container related
      • Cargo related
      • Equipment related
    • Tracking
      • T Card
      • Batch Mode
      • Real Time / Online
      • Bar Code
      • RFID
      • GPS
    • Security & Surveillance
      • Seal :
      • Strip
      • Bottle
      • E: RFID
      • Access Control :
      • Biometrics:fingerprint/ handgeometry/
      • CC TV Eye:retinal/iris
      • Protocol :
      • I S P S
      • C S I
      • Scanner:X-ray/gamma
    • Containerisation : Future
      • Container Volume:
      (in M tues) Year Global Indian 1980 20 0.1 2000 230 2.0 2005 330 5.5 2010 420 10.0 2020 700 20.0 CAGR 6% 15%
    • Containerisation : Future
      • Container ship size
      Year Generation Type of ship Cap. In tues 1980 1 st Semi contr, roro, Cellular upto 750 1985 2 nd Dedicated cellular 750 - 1500 1990 3 rd Sub panamax 1500-3000 1995 4 th Panamax 3000-5000 2000 5 th Post panamax 5000-6000 2005 6 th Super post panamax 6000-7500 2010 Above 6 th ULCS / Mega Above 7500
    •  
    • Container: Future
      • Container productivity
      (No.of moves) Year Crane/hour Vessel/hour 1998 18 30 2000 20 40 2002 22 60 2004 28 80 2006 32 100 2010 40 150
    • Container: Future
      • Container crane outreach
      Year Across 1980 9 1990 13 1995 15 2000 19 2005 22 2010 25
    •  
    • Potential Indian Container Ports
      • West Coast
      • JNPT
      • Mundra
      • East Coast
      • Vizag
      • South Coast
      • Chennai
      • Vallarpadam
    •