Lowsellegood
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Lowsellegood

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Lowsellegood Lowsellegood Presentation Transcript

  • ARTS & HUMANITIES Musical Instrument Families
  • Timbre Timbre (a.k.a. tone color) is the special sound that makes one instrument or voice different from another.
  • VOICE PARTS Soprano Highest female vocal range Alto Lowest female vocal range Tenor Highest male vocal range Bass Lowest male vocal range
  • STRINGS Instruments that make sounds by vibrating the string in one of the following ways: 1) Drawing a bow across them 2) Plucking them 3) Striking them
  • STRINGS Guitar Harp Violin family
  • WOODWINDS Instruments originally made from wood that are now often made of metal or plastic. They set a column of air into vibration by wind moving:
    • Across a mouthpiece
    2) Into a whistle-like mouthpiece 3) Over 1 reed 4) Over 2 reeds
  • WOODWINDS Flute Recorder Clarinet Oboe
  • BRASS Instruments usually made of brass. They create sound from the vibration of the performer’s lips buzzing into a cuplike mouthpiece. They have 2 ends. 1) Mouthpiece end 2) Bell shaped end (to amplify sound)
  • BRASS
    • Trumpet
    • Trombone
    • French Horn
    • Tuba
  • PERCUSSION These are the most ancient instruments. They are used to make rhythm. There are two groups of percussion instruments.
  • PERCUSSION Membranophones Also known as the drum family. An instrument with a membrane (drum head) stretched across a form (drum body). The membrane is struck by a hand or with a stick.
  • PERCUSSION
    • Membranophones
    • Tambourine
    • Snare Drum
    • Bass
    • Bongo
  • PERCUSSION Idiophones Make sounds by striking rubbing, shaking, or rattling the materials they are made of.
  • PERCUSSION
    • Idiophones
    • Xylophone
    • Chimes
    • Triangle
    • Cymbals