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20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
20111019 university college transitions
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20111019 university college transitions

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  • 1. Knowledge network for System Innovations and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) Transformative Change towards sustainability Jan Rotmans 19-10-2011, Maastricht
  • 2. Persistent problems • our society faces a number of persistent problemsKnowledge network for System Innovations • many examples: climate change, energy supply, water problem, mobility problem, agriculture, health careand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • persistence is due to system failures that are deeply rooted in our societal structures • regular policy aimed at incremental improvement is not enough to resolve persistent problems transformative change is needed
  • 3. Transition fundamental change of structure, culture and practices in societal (sub)system • structure:Knowledge network for System Innovations physical infrastructure, economic infrastructure (market, consumption, production), institutions (rules, regulations, collective actors)and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • culture: collective set of values, norms, perspective (shared orientation), paradigm (defining problems and solutions) • practices: routines, behaviour, ways of handling, implementation at the individual level incumbent structure, culture and practices need to be broken down and new (sustainable) ones need to be built up
  • 4. Breakthrough to sustainable society Predevelopment phase Acceleration phase 20 – 30 years 20 - 30 years Battle between old and ConsolidatiionKnowledge network for System Innovations new paradigm ” Build up and decay Widespread applicationand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) Tipping Point of institutions of new paradigms Distribution and diffusion of fisheries energy societal advantages agriculture health care transport Time We are here
  • 5. Multiple Levels Macro-level autonomous trends, paradigms, slow developmentsKnowledge network for System Innovations Meso-leveland transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) regime: dominant structures, cultures and practices (but also niche regimes) Micro-level fast developments: innovative ideas, projects, techniques, niche actors
  • 6. Examples of transitions • from coal energy supply to gas energy supplyKnowledge network for System Innovations • from extensive to intensive agricultureand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • from an industrial - to service - to knowledge economy • from fossil fuel based energy supply to renewable energy supply not spontaneous processes
  • 7. Why do transitions often fail? game, rules and playersKnowledge network for System Innovations transition requires a new structure, culture and practicesand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) transition requires new rules, new players and new game dominant players have too many interests to defend and don’t want to change the rules drastically only new players can ‘break open’ the game and change the rules more, different, better
  • 8. Sustainability as orientation sustainability serves as guiding orientation for transitionKnowledge network for System Innovations sustainable development is a socially and scientifically contested notion: no unique definition or approachand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) transition approach organize reflexive search and learning process with stakeholders [frontrunners] to assess what sustainability is in a particular context
  • 9. Transition governance rules of thumbKnowledge network for System Innovations • long-term thinking as the basis for short term policy • think in terms of multiple domains (multi-domain),and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) different actors (multi-actor), different levels (multi-level) • learning as an important aim for policy (‘learning-by- doing’ and ‘doing-by-learning’) • using uncertainties as a starting point for governance • keeping options open (wide playing field)
  • 10. Transition approach principlesKnowledge network for System Innovations - put energy in frontrunners and not in the packand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) - bring frontrunners together in protected spaces - develop a long-term agenda, incl. vision + pathways - start with portfolio of transition experiments - create new coalitions around pathways & experiments searching, learning, experimenting
  • 11. Transition approach cycle transition arenaKnowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) vision, evaluation, pathways, monitoring transition learning agenda transition experiments
  • 12. The transition arena space for experimenting and envisioningKnowledge network for System Innovations societyand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) Regular policy arena Transition arenas - Short term - Long term - Peloton - Innovators - Incremental change - System-innovation - Problem- and goal oriented - Problem- and goal searching
  • 13. Transition experiments societal experiments with high risks (chance of failure) and a high potential to contribute to a transition processKnowledge network for System Innovations how to manage portfolio of transition experiments?and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) - deepening [learn as much as possible from an experiment] - broadening [repeating an experiment in a different context] - scaling up [anchoring of an experiment in the regime]
  • 14. Transition Experiments • energy delivering greenhouseKnowledge network for System Innovations • rush hour avoidanceand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • electric vehicles • CCS close to residential area • sustainable roofs • regulatory free zones
  • 15. Ongoing transition processes • six Dutch ministries have official transition policyKnowledge network for System Innovations • Water transition • Energy transition • Construction sector transitionand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • Mobility transition • Biodiversity transition • Health care transition • regional governments experiment with transition policy • Provinces Zeeland, Flevoland, North-Holland • Regions such as Zuidvleugel, Texel, Haarlemmermeer, Twente • Cities such as Almere, Rotterdam
  • 16. Energy transition • in 2001 initiated by the ministry of Economic Affairs (EZ)Knowledge network for System Innovations • started with a niche (small group of frontrunners within EZ) evolved into a movement with companies, NGOs, knowledgeand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) institutions and individuals • vision has been developed [‘where do we want to go?’] • 7 main themes chosen [platforms or arenas] • 23 transition paths formulated [‘how to go there from here?’] • 100 transition experiments set up [‘how to implement paths?’]
  • 17. Energy transitionbegonnen met 1 arena….. (Ministerie van EZ) Influential persons 6 ministries from energy sector 1 Taskforce “6 DG” team IPE Long-term Long- Energy transition Supporting vision staffKnowledge network for System Innovations Interdepartementale Programme board Energy transitionand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) SENTER NOVEM 7 PLATFORM PLATFORM PLATFORM NEW SUSUTAINABLEble GREEN PLATFORM CHAIN- PLATFORM PLATFORM PLATFORM SUSTAINABLE BUILT GREENHOUSE Platform- Transition GAS MOBILITY RESOURCES EFFIICENCY ELECTRIC. ENVIRONMENT SOURCE secretaries themes 23 Transition UKR- -pathways support TRANSITION-PROJECTS Frontrunners 100-en office Transition experiments
  • 18. What has been achieved? • sense of urgency, high ambition levelKnowledge network for System Innovations • new discours, agenda of reform, breakthrough projectsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • broad movement with 1000 people involved • high amount of time, manpower, energy invested but still dominance of regime players and danger of becoming and execution process and institutionalized
  • 19. Successes and Failures SuccessesKnowledge network for System Innovations energy transition health care transitionand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) implemented in regular policy Failures mobility transition biodiversity transition not created enough critical mass
  • 20. Role of government not in a directing roleKnowledge network for System Innovations butand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • a facilitating, enabling, stimulating role • still an active but different role - formulating vision and high ambition level - creating space for frontrunners - stimulating and enabling transition experiments - removing barriers for sustainable innovation
  • 21. Lessons • natural tendency to an execution processKnowledge network for System Innovations • natural tendency of the government to fall backand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) in the command-and-control mode • the first period is relatively easy, thereafter arise winners and losers • space for frontrunners is of crucial importance [financial, organizational, juridical, mental space]
  • 22. International Context • in Belgium two transition processes are runningKnowledge network for System Innovations • sustainable housing, sustainable energy & materials • in Finland transition programme for health careand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • in other European countries growing interest • in Australia city transition programme • Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Cairns • in Japan experiments with transition policy
  • 23. Insights, no Answers • transition approach is promising new governance modeKnowledge network for System Innovations • principles underlying transition approach are universaland transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) but the application is context-specific • the results so far are promising and stimulating • transition approach can be applied at various scale levels [federal, province, regional level]
  • 24. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) Case Study: Rotterdam City Port
  • 25. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 26. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 27. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 28. Knowledge network for System Innovations and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) Rotterdam City Port= 1600 ha of Rotterdam in transition= long term transformation [25-50 jaar]= experimental garden for innovation of the city and harbour= long term sustainability vision City Port [2030]= execution programme 2010-2020= 12 business cases
  • 29. Rotterdam City Port organic development trajectoryKnowledge network for System Innovations sustainability visionand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) arenas with frontrunners rules for development icons [floating pavillion, clean tech delta] vision-action intertwined
  • 30. Procesaanpak Stadshavens • Klassieke aanpak • Transitie aanpakKnowledge network for System Innovations • gebiedsvisie • duurzaamheidsvisie • bestemmingsplan • experimenteerruimteand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • belangen- • koplopers, niche- vertegenwoordiger spelers s • experimenten • projecten • controversieel • compromis • uitdagend • degelijk “9” “7”
  • 31. Procesaanpak Stadshavens organisch ontwikkelingstrajectKnowledge network for System Innovations zoek- en leerproces met koplopers uit samenlevingand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) lange termijn duurzaamheidsvisie als kompas uitvoering stap-voor-stap met ruimte voor aanpassingen start met voorbeeldprojecten die visie ondersteunen Merwehaven / Vierhaven als start experiment
  • 32. Transitie aanpak Stadhavens • transitie van regulier plan naar duurzaam planKnowledge network for System Innovations • duurzaamheids standaardand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • maatschappelijke partijen sturen mee • focus op koplopers • iconen zoals drijvend paviljoen en clean tech delta
  • 33. Organic Development transitie-arenaKnowledge network for System Innovations duurzaamheidsvisieand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) transitie- evaluatie, agenda & monitoring transitiepaden, & leren coalities transitie-experimenten & mobiliseren van netwerken
  • 34. Sustainability Rules for City Port top 10Knowledge network for System Innovations 1. energy neutral buildingand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) 2. climate proof building 3. development on the water 4. reuse of existing materials/products 5. green als carrier of development
  • 35. Sustainability Rules for City Port top 10Knowledge network for System Innovations 6. diversity as starting pointand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) 7. human standard as starting point 8. building in cultural historical perspective 9. sustainable exploitation and maintenance 10. sustainable knowledge as economic driver
  • 36. Sustainability Rules for City Port translation into scale levels • cascade of sustainability rules of gameKnowledge network for System Innovations • translation into 4 different scale levelsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • the sub city port level [large sub areas] • the district / neighbourhoood level • the building / house level [the Rotterdam Energy Approach]
  • 37. Uitvoeringscyclus gebiedsontwikkelingsplan integraal UitvoeringsplanKnowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) leer ervaringen business Plan opschaling business Cases duurzaamheids Iconen
  • 38. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) Icons
  • 39. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) Rijnhaven 
  • 40. Drijvend ontwikkelen - klimaatbestendig en klimaatneutraalKnowledge network for System Innovations - flexibeler en goedkoper bouwenand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) - integratie van functies - sociale, economische en fysieke eenheid - internationale allure
  • 41. Clean Tech Delta incubator for new economy in Rotterdam & HollandKnowledge network for System Innovations will be located in Merwe/Vierhavensand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) started by business companies and municipality upcycling of waste, energy production, biomass living lab = breeding place
  • 42. Knowledge network for System Innovations Floating Pavillion floating pavilion is learning exercise for floating districtand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) stepping stone floating district will be a learning exercise for floating city learning-by-doing and doing-by-learning
  • 43. Knowledge network for System Innovations and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)Institute ForDutch Research
  • 44. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 45. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 46. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 47. Knowledge network for System Innovations and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 48. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 49. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 50. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 51. Wat is een duurzame drijvende stad? - in fysiek opzicht duurzaam energie, materialen, klimaatbestendigKnowledge network for System Innovations - in economisch opzicht duurzaamand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) betaalbaar, veilig, betrouwbaar - in sociaal opzicht duurzaam nieuwe leefgemeenschappen - in cultureel opzicht duurzaam in geest van cultuurhistorie
  • 52. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 53. Floating City living / working units energy: decentral heat/cold storage Knowledge network for System Innovations water recreation and transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)mobility: floating ecology:highway, wetlandswater taxi technology: floating foundation Dutch Research Institute For
  • 54. Knowledge network for System Innovationsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl)
  • 55. Objectives • in 2010 a Floating PavillionKnowledge network for System Innovations • in 2015 a Floating Districtand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) ca. 2.5000 inhabitants • in 2020 a Floating City ca. 10-15.000 inhabitants a floating china town?
  • 56. Conclusions • sustainable innovation will be the motor of a new economyKnowledge network for System Innovations • this will radically change our production & consumption patternsand transitions (www.ksinetwork.nl) • City Port Rotterdam is transformed into a sustainable living, working and recreation area • this transition process takes about 30 years and requires an organic development trajectory • floating city might become thé icon of a sustainable City Port Rotterdam

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