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Jean jacques rousseau

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  • 1. JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU
  • 2. JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU - Genevan philosopher, writer, composer - During childhood, he often read in the tranquillity of a public garden - which he later describes as the most serene part of growing up Mother: Susan Bernard Rousseau Spouse: Therese Levasseur 1743 – 1744 – secretary to the French ambassador in Venice 1762 - Literally of the social contract, Principles of political Right - Emile, or On Education
  • 3. SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chain.” Addresses the fundamental philosophical problems: How can we be free and live together? How can we live together without succumbing to the force and coercion of others? We can do so, by submitting our individual, particular wills to the collective or general will, created through agreement with other free and equal persons.
  • 4. ON EDUCATION Rousseau was the first to give the child his rightful place; and he was renowned as the liberator of the child. Aim: to learn how to live righteously The growth of a child divided into 3 sections. 1. To the age about 12 children live like animals 2. From 12 – 16 starts to develop 3. 16 onwards, child develops in to an adult. The child should be allowed to grow close to nature and he should be given the right to think in his own way.
  • 5. ON EDUCATION STAGES CHARACTERISTICS INFANCY (0-2 years old) HABIT & TRAINING OF EMOTIONS Stage of Nature (2-12 years old ) NECESSITY & TRAINING OF SENSES Pre-adolescence (12-15 years old) UTILITY & TRAINING OF INTELLECT Puberty (15-20 years old) MORALITY Adulthood (20-25 years old) MATURITY
  • 6. ON EDUCATION 1. The child is a child and not a small adult. 2. The child should learn from nature and the child should not be forced to do things. 3. Teachers are our feet, hands and eyes. 4. Physical exercises are important. 5. Children should never receive punishment; and 6. They should learn the natural consequences of their fault. 7. The child should be self-reliant.
  • 7. • S.N., Paul (2009) Early Childhood Education: Jean Jacques Rousseau. Retrieved from http://tinytodlers.blogspot.com/2009/11/jean- jacques-rousseau.html • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean- Jacques_Rousseau • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_the_Social_Contra ct • http://infed.org/mobi/jean-jacques-rousseau-on- nature-wholeness-and-education/ • http://www.iep.utm.edu/soc-cont/#SH2c

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