Unity• Principle of Design concerned with bringing together a composition with similar units.• If your composition was using wavy lines and organic shapes you would stay with those types of lines and not put in geometric shapes.
EmphasisThe principle of design that makes one partof a work dominant over the other parts.That dominant part is called the“Focal Point”.The Focal Point is the first part of the workto attract the viewers attention.
Rhythm / Movement• Rhythm is the principle of design that deals with creating the illusion of movement.• Rhythm is a movement in which some elements recur regularly and cause the eyes to move through the art work. Like a dance, the piece will have a flow of objects that will seem to have a rhythm like the beat of music. Movement is a visual flow through the composition.
MovementNude Descending a Staircase by Marcel Duchamp Captures the feeling of movement that occurs when someone is walking down the stairs.
Rhythm and Movement Starry Night By Vincent Van Gogh
Movement Iconic Beauty Note the movement that draws your eye Into the center of the rose. Golden Mean
Symmetry or Balance• Principle of design concerned with equalizing the visual forces or elements in the work of art.• The types of balance are: – Symmetry or Formal Balance – Asymmetry or Informal Balance – Radial Balance
Proportion• The principle of art concerned with the size relationship of one part to another.• If you have ever tried to draw a human figure and realized that the head was too big or small compared to the rest of the body, you were already using the principle of proportion.
Spatial Proportion Christina’s World By Andrew WyethUsed to illustrate spatial distance between objectsparticularly in a landscape. Girl is much larger than thedistant house.
Proportion Artist can change the actual proportion at any time. In this work by Michelangelo, he made Mary much larger than the body of Jesus. If Mary could stand up, she would be about nine feet tall! He did this so that she wouldn’t look crushed by the weight of the body.The Pieta byMichelangelo
Proportion Note the spatial proportion of the fence in the foreground and the barn in the background Cantelever Barn Cades Cove Gt. Smokey Mts., NC