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  • 1. 1HubPagesSearch search explore sign in join now help Education and Science (32,248)»by jainismusVardhaman Mahaveer and His LifeVardhaman Mahaveer statue at Maharauli, Delhi
  • 2. 2Vardhaman Mahaveer on a Miniature painting in Jain Text Kalp SutraLife Story of Bhagwan Mahavir--Mahavir SanglikarVardhaman Mahaveer, also known as Bhagwan Mahavir, was one of thegreatest philosophers of ancient India. He was contemporary of GautamBuddha, the founder of Buddhism. Vardhaman Mahaveer was most famousand senior amongst religious reformers of that era.It is a common misconception that Vardhaman Mahaveer was the founderof Jainism. But now it is proven by many Indian and western scholars andhistorians that he was not the founder but a reformer who reformed andrefined previous teachings of Parshwanath, the 23 rd Jain Teerthankar(Ford Maker).For short biography, see Bhagwan Mahavir in BriefVintage 1990s Porno For Pyros Venice Black T-Shirt New NOSSz LG Jains AddictionCurrent Bid: $39.991962 Press Photo Jains PaigeCurrent Bid: $26.49
  • 3. 3NoPhotoThe Jains (The Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices),Dundas, Paul, Very GCurrent Bid: $21.53NoPhotoPaul Dundas - Jains 2e (2002) - Used - Trade Paper (Paperback)Current Bid: $21.50Birth and ChildhoodVardhman Mahaveer was born in 599 BC in Kundgram near Vaishali ofBihar in India. He was born to Siddharth and Trishala. Siddharth belongedto a high-ranked Warrior family of Nath Clan. Vardhman Mahaveersmother Trishala was daughter of Chetak, the mighty and famousLichchhavi king of Vaishali. Vardhman Mahaveer had an elder brothernamed Nandivardhan. Vardhman Mahaveer had 6 maternal aunts, whowere married to various kings of Eastern India. Thus Vardhman Mahaveerwas related to various kings and eventually it helped him to promote hisreformed Jainism.Vardhman Mahaveer received all the education required for a prince. Hewas a fast learner and easily learned about literature, art, philosophy,military and administrative sciences. But he was not interested in worldlythings and wanted to renounce them. But his parents didnt permit him todo so.Mahavira: Prince of PeaceAmazon Price: $19.39
  • 4. 4List Price: $55.00Jaina Sutras, Part I (SBE22) (Sacred Books of the East)Amazon Price: $3.00Plush Stuffed Cat (Kit Kat) toy with I Love Mahavira T-shirt (firstname/surname/nickname)Amazon Price: $12.83Sterling Jain Tirthankara Mahavira Pendant - Sterling SilverAmazon Price: $40.00In Search of True KnowledgeWhen Vardhman Mahaveer was 28, his parents died. Now he was free toleave the palace, but his brother Nandivardhan asked him not to leavesuddenly and requested to stay with him for some more time. To respectelder brother Nandivardhan, Vardhman Mahaveer decided to stay withNandivardhan until the age of 30. In those two years, Vardhman Mahaveerpracticed self-discipline and practiced almost an ascetics life.At the age of 30, he donated all his personal possessions to needy andpoor people and left his home. He wandered on his bare feet in jungles andstrange places. He meditated there, and almost all the time he spent therehe never spoke to anybody. He rarely took food and fasting was a commonthing for him. Some tribal people harassed him for a long time, but he neverreacted.After 12 years of his search for the truth, Vardhman Mahaveer became anaked monk. He took his first meal after becoming a monk from a Slave
  • 5. 5woman Chandana who was bought by a merchant from the slave marketand persecuted by his wife. Vardhman Mahaveer traveled to the variousparts of northern India, without using any vehicle. These parts includedtodays Bihar, Jharkhand, western Bengal, Orissa, and eastern UttarPradesh of India. He taught and preached the way of life that one shouldadopt. He announced a silent war against animal sacrifices. All kinds ofpeople, including kings and queens, rich and poor, men and women wereattracted towards his teachings. Many scholarly Bramhins like IndrabhutiGoutam, Agnibhuti, Vayubhuti and others joined Vardhman Mahaveersmission with their thousands of pupils. Indrabhuti Goutam and otherscompiled all the teachings of Vardhman Mahaveer. Shrenik Bimbisar, whowas a famous and mighty king of Rajgrahi also became a disciple ofVardhman Mahaveer. Shrenik asked thousands of questions about soul,rebirths, meditation, Shraman tradition and history etc. to VardhmanMahaveer and got answers from him. These questions and answers werewritten down by Indrabhuti Goutam which are preserved till today in Jainliterature.CHINA POSTCARD UNUSED CHANG ZHOU BUDDHISTSTATUES IN THE MAHAVIRA HALLCurrent Bid: $7.992 FDC EAST GERMANY GDR DDR 1979 - INDIANMINIATURES DURGA MAHAVIRA TODI RAGINICurrent Bid: $2.28India FDC 1974 Bhagwan Mahavira 2500th Nirvana AnniversaryCurrent Bid: $2.50
  • 6. 6NoPhotoThe contemporaneity and the chronology of Mahavira andBuddha,, Nagraj, Good, UnCurrent Bid: $28.94TeachingsVardhman Mahaveers teachings belonged to the ancient and pre AryanShraman tradition. He did not believe in the creation theory and the mightyGod. According to him no one has created the universe and it is there frominfinitive past and will remain there forever. Only changes will take place. Itwas almost a scientific approach of Vardhman Mahaveer. According to hisphilosophy anybody can become a God by destroying his Karmas. He told:instead of finding out an imaginary God, try to become a God, the higheststage of mankind.One of his famous doctrine is Anekantvad i.e. pluralism. According to it,every truth has many angles or viewpoints. Every observer observes sometruth and he is not totally wrong. But the whole truth could be told only afterconsidering all the viewpoints.He never believed in classes and castes. According to him, a personbecomes great by his own deeds and it has nothing to do with in whichcommunity, class, or caste he is born. One of his famous quotes is: EkoManuss Jaai which means that all mankind is one. Even a outcasted couldjoin as a monk in Vardhman Mahaveers Sangh. Chandana, the slavewoman also became a nun and eventually she became the head of all nunsin Vardhman Mahaveers sangh.
  • 7. 7Vardhman Mahaveers teachings were based on the Right Knowledge,Right Faith, and Right Conduct, which are called as Three Jewels ofJainism. Some of his teachings include:Ahimsa (Non Violence): Not to kill any living creature, nor to cause forkillings and avoid all types of violence, even hurting others by words.Vegetarianism became a must thing for the disciples. However, he was notagainst the unavoidable unknowingly killings in routine works by laymanlike farming etc. He was not against the violence by layman in protection ofoneself, his family, village, or the nation.Truth: To speak truth only, not to lie. But one should not speak a bittertruth, which will hurt others.Non Stealing: One should not steal anything, which belongs to others. Oneshould not take the things, which are not given by the possessor.Non possession: One should not possess things more than hisrequirements. Excess money should be donated for noble cause.Celibacy: One should control his sexual desires. One should not involve inextra marital relations.Nirvana, the SalvationFor Vardhman Mahaveer the final goal of life for everybody was to reachnirvana (Moksh) or salvation. Nirvana was nothing but breaking the cycle ofbirth, life and death. Vardhman Mahaveer attained nirvana at the dawn of ano moon day at Pavapuri in Bihar when he was 72 years old (527 B.C). Onthe same day, his chief disciple Indrabhuti Goutam attained Keval Gyan,i.e. omniscience or ultimate knowledge.
  • 8. 8The news of Vardhman Mahaveers nirvan spread all over and thechieftains of 14 kingdoms gathered at Pavapuri. They took part in thefuneral of Vardhman Mahaveer. As this was not an occasion of sorrow butof joy as now Vardhman Mahaveer was free from birth and death, the kingsdecided to celebrate this day every year as a festival of lights, which iscelebrated even today all over India.Another Miniaterue Painting on Vardhaman MahaveerSource: Wiki CommonsCHINA POSTCARD UNUSED CHANG ZHOU BUDDHISTSTATUES IN THE MAHAVIRA HALLCurrent Bid: $7.992 FDC EAST GERMANY GDR DDR 1979 - INDIANMINIATURES DURGA MAHAVIRA TODI RAGINICurrent Bid: $2.28India FDC 1974 Bhagwan Mahavira 2500th Nirvana AnniversaryCurrent Bid: $2.50
  • 9. 9NoPhotoThe contemporaneity and the chronology of Mahavira andBuddha,, Nagraj, Good, UnCurrent Bid: $28.94Related Articles Gandhi and JainismMahatma Gandhi, the great leader of Indias freedom movement wasinfluenced by Jain Philosophy. This article gives you information onGandhis affinity with Jainism. Gandhi was born in Modh Vanikcommunity, a merchant community of Gujarat. This commu Live and Let Live Philosophy of JainismLive and Let Live symbol in Jainism teaches us tolerance and love. Ashort description of a Jainism related symbol with art. The Origin of ShaivismShaivism is the oldest sect of the Hindu religion. But we must note thatShiv is a non- vedic God. There is no reference to Shiv or Shaivism inRigveda. According to some scholars, Vedic God Rudra was evolved inShiv. But this theory is not accepted Matangs in Jain Literature and HistoryMatangs are ancient people of India. Although they are concentrated inthe states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka today, inancient India they were spread everywhere. They existed in Indusvalley Civilization, In Ganges Valley, in far ea
  • 10. 10 Who Was Krishna?Krishna is the main character of Mahabharat, the famous and popularepic of India. It is considered as a holy Hindu book, but it is a collectionof several fables. It has nothing to do with any specific religion. Further,Mahabharat was compiled afte The Origin of DiwaliAccording to Hindus, when Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after 14years, that was no moon night. To welcome lord Ram, the people ofAyodhya lighted small lamps in and around there homes. The city ofAyodhya was brightened at that no moon night. Then th Ancient India Timeline 7000 B.C.E. to 550 C.E.Chronology of Ancient Indian History 6000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E. Includesimportant events in pre-history and history of India.This Hub was last updated on January 26, 2013Useful {3}• Funny {2}• Awesome {5}• Beautiful {1}• Interesting {5} PREVIOUSMahatma Gandhi and Jainism
  • 11. 11 NEXTLive and Let Live Philosophy of JainismDiscover More Hubs The First School for Girls in India Social Reform Movements in Andhra Mauryan art Emperor Akbar the Great of Mughal Empire
  • 12. 12 Commercialisation of Agriculture during British Rule in India Land Reforms in India Ryotwari System Zamindari SystemFollow (3)Comments 19 commentsBrad2001 2 months ago from Lewiston, New York Level 1 CommenterVery informative article. I am now studying further and further into EasternPhilosophies. This was definitely informative! Please check out my hubs onJean-Paul Sartre and the Buddhist Diamond Sutra. I would love to hearyour comments on my writings, as someone who has just begun the path of
  • 13. 13meditation, I would love to hear how Buddhism differs from Jainism. WarmWishes!Aishwarya.B 4 months agoamazing,fantastic.........:-D,i Knew so many things about MahaveerVardhaman his life,teachings,birth and childhood..........:-D!!!!!!!!!!sahil 4 months agoMahavir was very great personsohan jain 7 months agoPlease compose your books in Hindi language.If you have material on Loord Mahaveera ,please e mail me .My e mail id regards.Sohan Kalawat.jainismus 14 months ago from Pune, India Hub Authorsadhuvedantmuni,You are right.Thanks for the comments.
  • 14. 14sadhuvedantmuni 14 months ago from BHOPAL MPquite informative and full descriptions about LORD MAMAVEER . today it isthe need of hour to adopt/ follow the teachings to establish peace,harmony, honesty,character, and mutual understandings.jainismus 14 months ago from Pune, India Hub AuthorThere are different version of biography of Vardhaman Mahaveer withsectarian views. As I have nothing to do with sectarian views, I haveomitted some of the details, which are of not much importance, or whichare disputed.jainismus 14 months ago from Pune, India Hub AuthorKundpur,a part of Vaishali, (not Kundalpur near Nalanda)is the real place ofbirth of Vardhaman Mahaveer, which is proven by archeologists andhistorians. In ancient Jain literature, you will find the name Kundpur, andnot Kundalpur.Major Ajit Ranka 14 months agoI have a doubt about birth place mentioned in this article. When we visitedKundalpur near Nalanda, it is written that he was born there. Kindly clarify.
  • 15. 15Also some details are omitted, some are incorrect. E.g. Vardhman gavepromise to his mother that he will leave the palace only after her death. Soto make him stay in the he was married off by his mother. His achieving thecomplete knowledge made him Mahaveer.mansi 16 months agoYou can add lots of other information as there are a million means of it.kareena 17 months agovery good.Madhavadasa Das 18 months ago from New Orleans, LouisianaI sincerelt believe that Mahaveer supports Ahimsa Milk.CERTIFIED AHIMSA MILKA Business Angel PresentationA decade ago, organic milk was available only in select health food stores.Now it is in the cooler of every major American supermarket and aroundthe world. We are predicting that we can inaugurate another trend that willquickly prove to be far more beneficial and lucrative than organic milk fromgrass fed cows.There are many millions of vegetarians and animal lovers in America andaround the world who would prefer milk from happier, healthier, and moreproductive cows that are allowed to keep and nurse their calves within
  • 16. 16herds that will never be subject to slaughter. We call this milk Ahimsa Milk,ahimsa being the well known term for non-violence to man or beast. Asexperienced dairymen have demonstrated, Ahimsa Milk presently coststwice as much to produce in industrialized economies than what ispopularly available. However, there are millions of consumers who will behappy to pay the extra cost to make Ahimsa Milk a reality once they graspthe vision of the health, social and ecological benefits for trending in thisdirection. And it is our job to create that vision, the technology, and theeconomic system to make it a reality. Moreover, there are already in placemany cow protection organizations that will promote and distribute AhimsaMilk.Ahimsa Milk is healthier and happier for cows and humans, as well as theearth we all share. Those for whom the costs might appear to be too highcan learn how to consume less milk and appreciate it more. And as wedevelop new technologies to gainfully employ oxen, the cost of Ahimsa Milkwill come down. There are also many humanitarian individuals andorganizations that will help to make Ahimsa Milk affordable for all.There is nothing more pleasant, peaceful, and natural than draft animalagriculture, and no system can be more sustainable, because it is perfectlyin accord with natural law. The by products of cows nourish crops, which inturn nourish people and animals. Cows, bulls, calves, and working oxenprovide milk, power, manure, and peace of mind, as well as jobs,companionship and natural beauty, and their increasing use will create newindustries and technologies such as oxen electric, transportation, tourism,and harnessing. The earth, man, and cows are perfectly designed for oneanother.
  • 17. 17We are asking investors, agriculturalists and inventors to develop traditionalcow, bull and oxen agriculture alongside modern industrial models tocompliment one another, each serving as a back up for the other andmaximizing the effectiveness of the other. To do so is to invoke theblessings of our God given creative intelligence as well as the genius of thenatural world.Fairfield, Iowa, home of the Maharishi University of Management, TheInternational Government of World Peace* and Vedic City, is certainly thebest place in America to do this, and quite possibly the best hope forintegrating the blessings of the eternal Vedic principles of totallysustainable agriculture within the modern world.WHY PROTECT COWS AND THEIR OFFSPIRINGQuotes from Cows Are Cool, Love „Em, by Dr. Sahadeva Das, PhD(“According to organic farmer Rosamund Young, author of The Secret Lifeof Cows, cows „can be highly intelligent, moderately so, or slow tounderstand; friendly, considerate, aggressive, docile, inventive, dull, proudor shy.‟“According to recent research, in addition to having distinct personalities,cows are generally very intelligent animals who can remember things for along time. Animal behaviorists have found that cows interact in sociallycomplex ways, developing friendships over time, sometimes holdinggrudges against cows or men who treat them badly, forming socialhierarchies within their herds, and choosing leaders based upon
  • 18. 18intelligence. They are emotionally complex as well and even have thecapacity to worry about the future.“For meat eaters, once they were a byword for mindless docility. Butmodern research is finding out that cows have a complex mental life. Ofcourse, even a child in traditional cultures knew this all along.”A FEW WAYS TO ENGAGE OXEN1. Oxen have traditional uses such as plowing, turning grist mills, andhauling loads.2. They are now being used to turn generators attached to mills and canpower generators attached to ox carts to charge and distribute batteries.3. Their manure is used to fertilize fields, dry and burn for fuel, makeincense, and produce smoke for mosquito repellent.4. Manure can also be used in flooring.5. Manure has antiseptic qualities.6. Placed in anaerobic digesters, manure produces heat, as well asmethane and carbon dioxide that can be bubbled at high pressure throughwater to free up the methane by absorbing the carbon dioxide, thusproducing CO2 enriched water to grow algae for food and bio-fuel. Thesolid residue has also been used as a replacement for sawdust providingbedding for cows.7. Cow urine is used medicinally in traditional cultures, especially India.
  • 19. 198. Oxen give happiness to their mothers and fathers as well as their humanhandlers to increase health and productivity.9. They provide therapeutic companionship (or cowpanionship) for humansand even across animal species.10. They aerate and fertilize grass meadows with their hooves, manure,and urine, thus facilitating the rapid development of rich, fresh meadowswhen grazed rotationally.11. They can haul loads and equipment in terrain not accessible tomachinery.12. Grazing cows and oxen restore fields compacted by tractors andpoisoned by chemical fertilizers.13. Cows and oxen have an uncanny gift for creating safe, easy to climbcow trails up hills and mountains, as every hiker knows.14. Oxen create tourist appeal simply by their presence as well as use intransportation.15. Oxen evoke love from their mothers that results in high quality milk andlonger lactation periods.16. Oxen are used in Vedic ceremonies to promote happiness andauspiciousness.17. After their natural death, their bodies provide leather, meat for pets, andcalcium rich bones, and so forth.A SIMPLE ECCONOMIC CONSIDERATION
  • 20. 20Charging twice as much for Ahimsa Milk should easily cover themaintenance costs for twice the number of members of the herd. Grazingoxen do not require the expense of milking parlors, milking machines, milkprocessing, storage and refrigeration, packaging and handling. Moreover,they can be an economic asset as described above.HerdShare Community Supported Agriculture is already in use in theUnited States, and provides a model for funding the production of AhimsaMilk. It also provides small producers with a vehicle for avoidinggovernment regulations on commercial dairies which would stifle smallproducers and communities.Please click LIKE at www.CertifiedAhimsaMilk.orgAmit 18 months agoGreat workmansi 2 years agoiI AM PROUD TO BE A JAIN PERSON AND I PRAY TO GOD TO IN ALLBIRTH I BE JAIN PERSON, AND NOT KILLING ANIMALS.dr prakash b katariya 2 years agowhat was the first name of chetak?Vishal.Naik 2 years agoInformation should be given about why there two sects in Jains ,Shwetamber and Digamber.
  • 21. 21What is the difference between them.RAVIRAJ GINNI 2 years agoNEED MORE INFORMATION ABOUT MAHVEER AND AFTERMAHAVEER.JAIN R.C 4 years agoIT IS SAID THAT AFTER NIRVAN THEFOLLOWERS WERE FIGHTINGAMONG THEMSELVES.ALSO WHEN SWETAMBER SECT STARTED.ITIS ONLY AN ANXIETY.THANKSanita jain 5 years agoA very informative article such type of efforts are really very muchappreciated and needed for the benifit of the society.More such type of informative writings will be awaitedthanksanijain238192 characters left.Post Comment
  • 22. 22No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked.Comments are not for promoting your Hubs or other sites.Like This Hub?Over 49 Million people discover HubPages every month.HubPages about us help blog link to this page copyright directoryCopyright © 2013 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Allrights reserved.Other product and company names shown may be trademarksof their respective owners.HubPages®is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.terms of use privacy policy (0.79 sec)< img src="//"style="display:none" border="0" height="1" width="1" alt="Quantcast"/>