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Petroleum refining notes

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  • 1. 1
  • 2. Achieving self-reliance in oil refining and marketing for the nation, Indian Oil hasgathered a luminous legacy of more than 100 years of accumulated experiences in allareas of petroleum refining by taking into its fold, the Digboi Refinery commissioned in1901.Indian Oil controls 10 of India’s 22 refineries. The group refining capacity is 65.7 millionmetric tonnes per annum (MMTPA) or 1.30 million barrels per day -the largest shareamong refining companies in India. It accounts for 31% share of national refiningcapacity.The strength of Indian Oil springs from its experience of operating the largest number ofrefineries in India and adapting to a variety of refining processes along the way. Thebasket of technologies, which are in operation in IndianOil refineries include:Atmospheric/Vacuum Distillation; Distillate FCC/ Resid FCC; Hydrocracking; CatalyticReforming, Hydrogen Generation; Delayed Coking; Lube Processing Units; Visbreaking;Merox Treatment; Hydro-Desulphirisation of Kerosene&Gasoil streams; Sulphurrecovery; Dewaxing, Wax Hydro finishing; Coke Calcining, etc.The Corporation has commissioned several grassroots refineries and modern processunits. Procedures for commissioning and start-up of individual units and the refinery 2
  • 3. have been well laid out and enshrined in various customized operating manuals, whichare continually updated.Indian Oil refineries have an ambitious growth plan with an outlay of about Rs. 55,000crore for capacity augmentation, de-bottlenecking, bottom upgradation and qualityupgradation. Major projects under implementation include a 15 MMTPA grassrootsrefinery at Paradip, Orissa, Naphtha Cracker and Polymer Complex at Panipat, PanipatRefinery expansion from 12 MMTPA to 15 MMTPA, among others.On the environment front, all Indian Oil refineries fully comply with the statutoryrequirements. Several Clean Development Mechanism projects have also beeninitiated. To address concerns on safety at the work place, a number of steps weretaken during the year, resulting in reduction of the frequency of accidents.Innovative strategies and knowledge-sharing are the tools available for convertingchallenges into opportunities for sustained organizational growth. With strategies andplans for several value-added projects in place, Indian Oil refineries will continue to playa leading role in the downstream hydrocarbon sector for meeting the rising energyneeds of our country. 3
  • 4. Refineries: Installed Capacities (MMTPA)Digboi 0.65Guwahati 1.0Barauni 6.0Koyali 13.70Haldia 7.5Mathura 8.0Panipat 12.0Bongaigaon 2.35Subtotal 51.20Subsidiaries’ RefineriesCPCL - Chennai 9.50Narimanam 1.0Subtotal 10.50Group Total 61.7Paradip upcoming 15.0(MMTPA – Million metric tonnes per annum, equal to 20, 000 barrels per day)Refineries Digboi Refinery (Upper Assam) Guwahati Refinery (Assam) Barauni Refinery Gujarat Refinery Haldia Refinery Mathura Refinery Panipat Refinery Bongaigaon Refinery 4
  • 5. Petroleum RefiningMajor ReferencesEIL has provided its services for over 47 major projects with a combined refining capacity of over 100million tonnes / annum (2 million bbls / day) including.• Grassroots (10)• Expansions(22)• Diesel Hydrodesulphurisation (9)• Fuel Specification Upgradation Projects to meet Euro III & IV normsIn addition, EIL has executed a large number of revamp / modernization projects for most of theRefining companies in India.These include projects of IOCL, HPCL, BPCL, CPCL, KRL, Essar, MRPL, BRPL, HMEL, NODCO (Qatar)NAFTEC (Algeria), Iso Octane (UAE). Barring the process design of a few licensed units, EIL can executecomplete petroleum refinery projects on its own. In addition to the main fuel refinery units, EIL also hastechnologies for lube refinery complexes.EIL is currently providing services for:Domestic•Guru Gobind Singh Refinery Project of HMEL•Bina Refinery Project of BORL•Capacity Expnansion Phase-II Project of BPCL•NHT/CRU Revamp Project of CPCL•CDU/VDU-II Revamp Project of CPCL•Visakh Refinery Clean Fuel Project of HPCL•New FCCU at Mumbai Refinery of HPCL•Expansion of Panipat Refinery of IOCL•DHDT Project at Bongaigaon Refinery of IOCL 5
  • 6. •Captive Power Plant at Paradip Refinery of IOCL•MRPL Expn.& RefineryUpgradation of MRPL•Diesel Quality Upgradation Project of NRL•New FCCU at Mumbai Refinery of HPCL•DHDT Project at Bongaigaon Refinery of IOCL•Captive Power Plant at Paradip Refinery of IOCLOverseas•PMC services for Skikda Refinery Project of SONATRACH, Algeria•PMC Services for Rehabilitation and Adaptation for Algiers Refinery of SONATRACH, Algeria 6