Compare & contrast
Australia and India
In Asia Pacific region
National animal Emblem
By popular tradition, the
kangaroo is accepted • By popular tradition, the
as the national animal tiger is accepted as the
emblem. national animal emblem.
Peacock was accepted
as bird emblem.
National floral Emblem
The golden wattle, The Lotus (Nelumbo
Acacia pycnantha nucifera), was
Benth, was proclaimed the national
proclaimed the floral emblem.
emblem in August
Advance Australia Fair Jana Gana Mana
O! Dispenser of India's destiny, thou
Australians all let us rejoice, art the ruler of the minds of all
For we are young and free; Thy name rouses the hearts of
We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil; Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, the
Our home is girt by sea; in the Dravida country, Utkala and
Our land abounds in nature’s gifts It echoes in the hills of the
Of beauty rich and rare; Vindhyas and Himalayas,
it mingles in the rhapsodies of the
In history’s page, let every stage pure waters of Yamuna and
Advance Australia Fair. They chant only thy name.
In joyful strains then let us sing, They seek only thy auspicious
Advance Australia Fair. They sing only the glory of thy
Beneath our radiant Southern Cross
Advance Australia Fair Jana Gana Mana
We’ll toil with hearts and hands;
The salvation of all people waits in thy
To make this Commonwealth of
ours O! Dispenser of India's destiny, thou
Renowned of all the lands; art the ruler of the minds of all
For those who’ve come across
Victory to thee, Victory to thee,
the seas Victory to thee,
We’ve boundless plains to Victory, Victory, Victory, Victory to
With courage let us all combine
To Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.
Coat of arms
The Australian coat of arms was granted
by King George V in 1912. It consists of a shield
containing the badges of the six Australian
states, symbolising federation, and the national
symbols of the golden wattle, the kangaroo and
the emu. By popular tradition, the kangaroo is
accepted as the national animal emblem. The
golden wattle, Acacia pycnantha Benth, was
proclaimed the national floral emblem in August
State Emblem of India
An adaptation from the Sarnath
Lion Capital of Ashoka. In the
original, there are four lions,
standing back to back, mounted
on an abacus with a frieze
carrying sculptures in high relief
of an elephant, a horse, a bull
and a lion separated by
intervening wheels over a bell-
shaped lotus. Carved out of a
block of polished sandstone, the
Capital is crowned by the Wheel
of the Law (Dharma Chakra). 7
THE NATIONAL FLAG OF
INDIA is in tricolour of deep
saffron (Kesari) at the top, white
in the middle and dark green at
the bottom in equal proportions.
The ratio of the width to the
length of the flag is two is to three.
In the centre of the white band,
there is a wheel in navy blue to
indicate the Dharma Chakra, the
wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion
Capital. Its diameter approximates
the width of the white band and it
has 24 spokes
People of Australia & India.
Population (2008 est.): 21 Population: [2001census] about
1,027millions.[Oz is about 2% of
Annual population growth
rate: 1.6%. Ind! ]
Ethnic groups: European
U.P [16.17%], Maharashtra
92%, Asian 6%, Aboriginal
2%. [9.42%], Bihar [8.07%], Bengal
Religions (2006): Catholic [7.81%], Andhra [7.37%], Tamil
26%, Anglican 19%, other nadu [6.05%], M.P [5.88%],
Christian 19%, other non- Rajasthan [ 5.5% ], Karnat [
Christian 1%, Buddhist
5.14% ], Gujarat [4.93% ], Orissa
2.1%, Islam 1.7%, no
religion 19% and not stated [3.57%], Kerala [3.10%] and
12%. many others
Hindi is official language of
In Australia, English
Govt. of India and is the
78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, mother tongue of large
number of people of
Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, North India,
India has 20 statutorily
Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese
1%, other 8.2%, English is widely learnt and
serves as a link and a
unspecified 5.7% (2006 international language .
India is an old civilization with Australia is a stable,
variety and heritage. culturally diverse and
India has good agricultural work democratic society with a
culture as well as it is now well
skilled workforce and a
Recently it emphasizes trained
services and knowledge based economy.
economy. With a population of more
India has tropical monsoon type than 21 million, Australia is
climate affected by two the only nation to govern an
seasonal monsoons. entire continent.
Human Development in India &
Australia’s Human India’s Human
Development Index Development Index
(HDI) is the128th in the
(HDI) is the third best
world, with about 30 %
in the world, behind of people lacking
only Norway and modern livelihood
Ireland (UNDP Human facilities.
Development Report (UNDP Human
2006). Development Report
India _ Geography
•Area: About 3.29 Msq- kilometres.
•India is located between 8 -4’ and
37-6’ north Latitude and 68-7’ and
•Mainland in Geographical terms,
is (i) Himalaya mountains, (ii) the
river plains, (iii) The desert and
(iv) the peninsula.
•India receives 86 % of the rains
during the South-West monsoon,
and NE monsoon is limited to
Climate: Relatively dry
and subject to
from temperate in the
south to tropical in
the far north.
Terrain: Varied, but
Climate and Lifestyle of Australia
As the 6th largest country in the world,
Australia is 50% larger than Europe, but has
the lowest population density in the world.
Approximately 85% of Australians occupying
only 1% of the continent and live in the capital
cities and along the coast.
For at least 40,000 years Australia's
Aboriginal people have lived in Australia's
unique natural environment, believed to be
the world's oldest civilizations.
Area ,Population, Currency, Rivers
Area: About 7.7 Msq kilometres Area: About 3.29 Msq-
[nearly twice as large as India]
[Nearly half area as Australia]
about 19.3 millions about 1,027millions
Currency: Australian dollar Currency: Indian rupees (INR)
(AUD) Rivers: Ganga, Jamuna and
Rivers: Murray River,( 2520 Brahmaputra in North;
km), Darling Lake Eyre Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna
and other small ones in
Australia: Importance of Cities
Area: 7.7 million sq. km. (3
million sq. mi.); Cities
(pop. 340,000). Other
cities--Sydney (4.3 million),
Melbourne (3.8 million),
Brisbane (1.9 million),
Perth (1.6 million),
Adelaide (1.2 million),
Darwin (117,000), Hobart
Cities in Oz_ 2008
In 2007, Sydney was voted the
world’s best city for the second year in a
Melbourne was sixth (Anholt City Brands Index
Five Australian cities have been ranked in the top
eleven most liveable cities in the world (Economist
Intelligence Unit 2005).
Health & Work in Oz:
Health: Infant mortality rate--4.7/1,000.
Life expectancy--males 78 yrs., females 83
Work force (10.8 million): Agriculture--3.0%;
services--75%; public administration and
Years compulsory--to Organization about
age 16 in all states and education in Australia:
territories except New
South Wales and the
where it is 15, and
where it is 17.
Education in India:
Role of Central & State Governments
The primary responsibility for school education
is borne by the state governments.
Therefore any policy changes must be with the
full participation and involvement of the States.
However, positive changes in systems of
schooling will require the active involvement of
the Central Government as well as State
This is not only in the matter of providing
resources but also in promoting organizational
and other changes. 22
Primary Schools In India
Schooling has been
fragmented into two
main classes –
the primary level and
the secondary level.
The secondary level or
high school level is
further divided into
higher secondary level.
In primary level, grades or
standards are from I to V.
Institutes providing education for these
grades are called primary schools. Their
number is the largest among the schools and
educational institutes in India.
Still their number is far less than what actually
should be. The enrollment in primary schools
is also greater than in any other level.
But dropout rates have placed limits on large
number of children of this country to receive
the light of the education.
Need for further Expansion
functional literacy in India
National Knowledge Commission (2008)
stressed a focus on expanding functional
literacy among the population.
Illiteracy remains a major problem, even
among the age-group 15-35 years.
Therefore literacy programmes must be
expanded rather than reduced, and given a
different focus that is directed towards
improving life skills and meeting felt needs,
especially (but not only) among the youth.
education in Australia-1
School education - the Australian Technical
Colleges, further investment in school education in
Australia, financial assistance for reading tuition and
flagpoles for schools.
Career development - career guidance,
employability skills, skills shortages, career education
quality, vocational education in schools, and goals for
Training and skills - language, literacy and
numeracy; training and skills at school; skills
shortages; and the Backing Australia's Ability
education in Australia-2
Higher education - assuring quality, learning and
teaching, rationalising responsibility for higher
Research Current - research quality, national
research priorities, commercialisation, the
infrastructure of national collaborative research.
International education - additional promotion and
presence in overseas markets, quality assurance in
onshore and offshore higher education, scholarships
for high achieving students, international centres for
excellence, a national centre for language training
and the annual registration charge.
A World Class Country
Australia, as befits a developed prosperous society,
has a well-developed education system with
participation rates and secondary school completion
rates among the highest in the world.
Australian governments at all levels are continually
reviewing and reforming education and training to
address the issues that arise from social and
Australian education attracts international attention
and Australia is involved in co-operating with the
development of educational programmes in a number
of overseas countries.
Establishment of universities
The first Australian university was the University of
Sydney, founded in 1850 in New South Wales.
Three years later the University of Melbourne was
established by the Colony of Victoria.
By 1912 a university had been founded in each State:
the University of Adelaide in South Australia in 1874,
the University of Tasmania in 1890, the University of
Queensland in 1909 and the University of Western
Australia in 1911.
In 1946, the Commonwealth Parliament established
the Australian National University in the nation’s
Australia is internationally competitive in
providing education and training both in
Australia and offshore for students from
outside Australia, known as overseas
Australian universities have expanded
globally by creating offshore campuses,
centres and programs.
Monash University, for example, has
established campuses in Malaysia and South
Africa as well as centres in the UK and Italy.
University courses are reflecting this global
focus with programs being designed to cater
for international students whether located
within Australia or offshore.
Can the Aussi edu sys transform Indian
young things into benign & benevolent global
citizens made & certified from Down Under ;
curry bashing may be a minor tool in the
process to be used sparingly and only on
those who will learn from it? Play the Guru!
Nobel Prize for Literature
Patrick White (1912–90): In Rabindranath Tagore
1973, Patrick White became (1861-1941) The Nobel
the first Australian to be Prize in Literature 1913.
awarded the Nobel Prize for He was educated at
home and England. In
Literature. He published 12 his mature years, he had
novels, two short-story many-sided literary
collections, eight plays, and activities, he managed
works of non-fiction. Widely the family estates, a
regarded as one of the major project which brought
English language novelists of
increased interest in
social reforms. He also
the 20th century, he had a started an experimental
love–hate relationship with his school at Shantiniketan
home country. where he tried his
Upanishadic ideals of
Nobel Prize for Literature
White dealt with the Tagore wrote in all literary
established themes of genres, but he was first of all
Australian literature and was a poet. He wrote fifty volumes
inspired by Australians’ of poetry: Sonar Tari (1894)
[The Golden Boat], Gitanjali
relationship with the land. He
(1910) [Song Offerings],
drew deeply from, and Gitimalya (1914) [Wreath of
illuminated, what he Songs], and Balaka (1916)
described as the average, [The Flight of Cranes]. Tagore
boring, ordinary and ugly. wrote many plays; he was the
His major works include The author of several volumes of
Aunt’s Story (1948), The short stories and a number of
Tree of Man (1955) and novels, among them Gora
Voss (1957). (1910), Ghare-Baire (1916)
[The Home and the World],
and Yogayog (1929)
Organization for Economic Co-operation
Australia is one of the few countries
belonging to the Organization for Economic
Co-operation and Development (OECD)
where general government net debt has been
According to the OECD’s 2006 economic
summary of Australia, living standards have
steadily improved since the start of the 1990s
and now surpass those of all the
industrialized nations that form the Group of
Eight except the United States.
Australian exports, which in 2007 totaled
$218 billion, are a mix of
rural products and services.
"The dynamism shown by India in the last 15 years is
phenomenal.” Paul Wolfowitz, President World Bank
We are the two biggest It is well known that
democracies in the we share a common
region, with a free press, colonial heritage.
well established Hence many inherited
institutions of institutions and
government and arenas of interaction
administration, and an
independent judicial the English language,
system. democracy and
We share English as the friendly competition
main language of on the cricket and
commerce and industry. hockey fields.
Australian coking coal, worth US$1.2 billion,
is used in more than 50 per cent of steel
produced in India;
Indian companies have purchased two
copper mines and three coal mines in
Australia. Indo-Australian Coal and Mining
Forum with their Indian counterparts to put in
place mechanisms to further deepen
commercial and technical linkages.
LNG, a resource for India
• LNG, a relatively new commodity for India, has the
potential to be another resources lynchpin in our longer-
term commercial relations. Australian LNG has been
provided to India through spot sales.
• In August 2009, Australia has secured its first long-
term liquefied natural gas supply deal with India, with
India's Petronet LNG signing a 20-year agreement to
take gas from the massive Gorgon project. Gorgon joint
venture partner Exxon Mobil Corp and Petronet, India's
largest LNG importer, signed the deal in Perth
Australia to play the India card now
Australia has much in common with India; besides
China and Japan. The idea of a shared Australia-
China and Australia - Japan economic enterprise
has come first in Aussi consciousness. India seems
more distant, less familiar and less dynamic, though
the cultural bonds are similar. Now, global
environment requires a synergy in South Asia.
Australia-India Council (AIC)
The Australia-India Council's purpose is to
broaden the relationship between Australia
and India by encouraging and supporting
contacts and increasing levels of knowledge
and understanding between the peoples and
institutions of the two countries.
Australian High Indian High
Commission address: Commission address:
1/50 G Shantipath, The High Commission of
3/5 Moonah Place
Telephone: 4139 9900 Yarralumla,
- Fax: 4149 4490 ACT - 2600
Australian Studies Fellowships for Indian
University Teaching Staff and Postgraduates
The Australian Studies Fellowships are a major
component of the Australian Studies program of the
Australia-India Council. The primary purpose of the
Fellowships is to more fully acquaint Indian scholars
with Australian Studies centers and programs in
The Fellowships are managed by a consortium of
Universities, led by Monash University and consisting
of the Australian National University, the University of
New South Wales, the University of South Australia
and the University of Queensland.
Australian Renewable Energy Website
This site is published by the Australian
Greenhouse Office to promote the use of
renewable energy and develop the Australian
Renewable Energy Industry
The Understanding Australia website offers
international students, visitors and
backpackers information about the continent
and its people. (English)
www.aibc.org.au / newsletter/ htm
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