Australia & India


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Compare two democratic nations of Asia pacific region

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Australia & India

  1. 1. Compare & contrast Australia and India Members of Commonwealth of Nations In Asia Pacific region 1
  2. 2. National animal Emblem AUSTRALIA INDIA By popular tradition, the kangaroo is accepted • By popular tradition, the as the national animal tiger is accepted as the emblem. national animal emblem. Peacock was accepted as bird emblem. 2
  3. 3. National floral Emblem The golden wattle, The Lotus (Nelumbo Acacia pycnantha nucifera), was Benth, was proclaimed the national proclaimed the floral emblem. national floral emblem in August 1988. 3
  4. 4. National Anthem Advance Australia Fair Jana Gana Mana O! Dispenser of India's destiny, thou Australians all let us rejoice, art the ruler of the minds of all people For we are young and free; Thy name rouses the hearts of We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil; Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, the Maratha country, Our home is girt by sea; in the Dravida country, Utkala and Bengal; Our land abounds in nature’s gifts It echoes in the hills of the Of beauty rich and rare; Vindhyas and Himalayas, it mingles in the rhapsodies of the In history’s page, let every stage pure waters of Yamuna and Ganga Advance Australia Fair. They chant only thy name. In joyful strains then let us sing, They seek only thy auspicious blessings. Advance Australia Fair. They sing only the glory of thy victory. Beneath our radiant Southern Cross 4
  5. 5. National Anthem Advance Australia Fair Jana Gana Mana We’ll toil with hearts and hands; The salvation of all people waits in thy To make this Commonwealth of hands, ours O! Dispenser of India's destiny, thou Renowned of all the lands; art the ruler of the minds of all people For those who’ve come across Victory to thee, Victory to thee, the seas Victory to thee, We’ve boundless plains to Victory, Victory, Victory, Victory to share; thee! With courage let us all combine To Advance Australia Fair. In joyful strains then let us sing, Advance Australia Fair. 5
  6. 6. Coat of arms The Australian coat of arms was granted by King George V in 1912. It consists of a shield containing the badges of the six Australian states, symbolising federation, and the national symbols of the golden wattle, the kangaroo and the emu. By popular tradition, the kangaroo is accepted as the national animal emblem. The golden wattle, Acacia pycnantha Benth, was proclaimed the national floral emblem in August 1988. 6
  7. 7. State Emblem of India An adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell- shaped lotus. Carved out of a block of polished sandstone, the Capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra). 7
  9. 9. THE NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA is in tricolour of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two is to three. In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue to indicate the Dharma Chakra, the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital. Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes 9
  10. 10. People of Australia & India. Population (2008 est.): 21 Population: [2001census] about million. 1,027millions.[Oz is about 2% of Annual population growth rate: 1.6%. Ind! ] Ethnic groups: European U.P [16.17%], Maharashtra 92%, Asian 6%, Aboriginal 2%. [9.42%], Bihar [8.07%], Bengal Religions (2006): Catholic [7.81%], Andhra [7.37%], Tamil 26%, Anglican 19%, other nadu [6.05%], M.P [5.88%], Christian 19%, other non- Rajasthan [ 5.5% ], Karnat [ Christian 1%, Buddhist 5.14% ], Gujarat [4.93% ], Orissa 2.1%, Islam 1.7%, no religion 19% and not stated [3.57%], Kerala [3.10%] and 12%. many others 10
  11. 11. Languages spoken Hindi is official language of In Australia, English Govt. of India and is the 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, mother tongue of large number of people of Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, North India, India has 20 statutorily Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese recognized languages; 1%, other 8.2%, English is widely learnt and serves as a link and a unspecified 5.7% (2006 international language . Census) 11
  12. 12. About OZ_Ind_2008 India is an old civilization with Australia is a stable, variety and heritage. culturally diverse and India has good agricultural work democratic society with a culture as well as it is now well skilled workforce and a industrialized. strong, competitive Recently it emphasizes trained services and knowledge based economy. economy. With a population of more India has tropical monsoon type than 21 million, Australia is climate affected by two the only nation to govern an seasonal monsoons. entire continent. 12
  13. 13. Human Development in India & Australia_2006 Australia’s Human India’s Human Development Index Development Index (HDI) is the128th in the (HDI) is the third best world, with about 30 % in the world, behind of people lacking only Norway and modern livelihood Ireland (UNDP Human facilities. Development Report (UNDP Human 2006). Development Report 2006). 13
  14. 14. India _ Geography •Area: About 3.29 Msq- kilometres. •India is located between 8 -4’ and 37-6’ north Latitude and 68-7’ and 97-25’ Longitude. •Mainland in Geographical terms, is (i) Himalaya mountains, (ii) the river plains, (iii) The desert and (iv) the peninsula. •India receives 86 % of the rains during the South-West monsoon, and NE monsoon is limited to 14 southern states.
  15. 15. Australia: Geography Climate: Relatively dry and subject to drought, ranging from temperate in the south to tropical in the far north. Terrain: Varied, but generally low-lying 15
  16. 16. Climate and Lifestyle of Australia As the 6th largest country in the world, Australia is 50% larger than Europe, but has the lowest population density in the world. Approximately 85% of Australians occupying only 1% of the continent and live in the capital cities and along the coast. For at least 40,000 years Australia's Aboriginal people have lived in Australia's unique natural environment, believed to be the world's oldest civilizations. 16
  17. 17. Area ,Population, Currency, Rivers AUSTRALIA INDIA Area: About 7.7 Msq kilometres Area: About 3.29 Msq- kilometres [nearly twice as large as India] [Nearly half area as Australia] Population: [2001] Population: [2001census] about 19.3 millions about 1,027millions Currency: Australian dollar Currency: Indian rupees (INR) (AUD) Rivers: Ganga, Jamuna and Rivers: Murray River,( 2520 Brahmaputra in North; km), Darling Lake Eyre Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and other small ones in South 17
  18. 18. Australia: Importance of Cities Area: 7.7 million sq. km. (3 million sq. mi.); Cities (2007): Capital--Canberra (pop. 340,000). Other cities--Sydney (4.3 million), Melbourne (3.8 million), Brisbane (1.9 million), Perth (1.6 million), Adelaide (1.2 million), Darwin (117,000), Hobart (207,484). 18
  19. 19. Cities in Oz_ 2008 In 2007, Sydney was voted the world’s best city for the second year in a row. Melbourne was sixth (Anholt City Brands Index 2007). Five Australian cities have been ranked in the top eleven most liveable cities in the world (Economist Intelligence Unit 2005). 19
  20. 20. Health & Work in Oz: Health: Infant mortality rate--4.7/1,000. Life expectancy--males 78 yrs., females 83 yrs. Work force (10.8 million): Agriculture--3.0%; mining--4.9%; manufacturing--10.3%; services--75%; public administration and defense--3.8%. 20
  21. 21. Education Years compulsory--to Organization about age 16 in all states and education in Australia: territories except New South Wales and the Northern Territory where it is 15, and Western Australia where it is 17. Literacy--over 99%. 21
  22. 22. Education in India: Role of Central & State Governments The primary responsibility for school education is borne by the state governments. Therefore any policy changes must be with the full participation and involvement of the States. However, positive changes in systems of schooling will require the active involvement of the Central Government as well as State Governments. This is not only in the matter of providing resources but also in promoting organizational and other changes. 22
  23. 23. Primary Schools In India Schooling has been fragmented into two main classes – the primary level and the secondary level. The secondary level or high school level is further divided into secondary and higher secondary level. 23
  24. 24. In primary level, grades or standards are from I to V. Institutes providing education for these grades are called primary schools. Their number is the largest among the schools and educational institutes in India. Still their number is far less than what actually should be. The enrollment in primary schools is also greater than in any other level. But dropout rates have placed limits on large number of children of this country to receive the light of the education. 24
  25. 25. Need for further Expansion of functional literacy in India National Knowledge Commission (2008) stressed a focus on expanding functional literacy among the population. Illiteracy remains a major problem, even among the age-group 15-35 years. Therefore literacy programmes must be expanded rather than reduced, and given a different focus that is directed towards improving life skills and meeting felt needs, especially (but not only) among the youth. 25
  26. 26. Organization about education in Australia-1 School education - the Australian Technical Colleges, further investment in school education in Australia, financial assistance for reading tuition and flagpoles for schools. Career development - career guidance, employability skills, skills shortages, career education quality, vocational education in schools, and goals for schooling. Training and skills - language, literacy and numeracy; training and skills at school; skills shortages; and the Backing Australia's Ability package. 26
  27. 27. Organization about education in Australia-2 Higher education - assuring quality, learning and teaching, rationalising responsibility for higher education. Research Current - research quality, national research priorities, commercialisation, the infrastructure of national collaborative research. International education - additional promotion and presence in overseas markets, quality assurance in onshore and offshore higher education, scholarships for high achieving students, international centres for excellence, a national centre for language training and the annual registration charge. 27
  28. 28. A World Class Country Australia, as befits a developed prosperous society, has a well-developed education system with participation rates and secondary school completion rates among the highest in the world. Australian governments at all levels are continually reviewing and reforming education and training to address the issues that arise from social and economic change. Australian education attracts international attention and Australia is involved in co-operating with the development of educational programmes in a number of overseas countries. 28
  29. 29. Establishment of universities The first Australian university was the University of Sydney, founded in 1850 in New South Wales. Three years later the University of Melbourne was established by the Colony of Victoria. By 1912 a university had been founded in each State: the University of Adelaide in South Australia in 1874, the University of Tasmania in 1890, the University of Queensland in 1909 and the University of Western Australia in 1911. In 1946, the Commonwealth Parliament established the Australian National University in the nation’s capital, Canberra. 29
  30. 30. Global education Australia is internationally competitive in providing education and training both in Australia and offshore for students from outside Australia, known as overseas students. Australian universities have expanded globally by creating offshore campuses, centres and programs. Monash University, for example, has established campuses in Malaysia and South Africa as well as centres in the UK and Italy. 30
  31. 31. Global education for over-seas students University courses are reflecting this global focus with programs being designed to cater for international students whether located within Australia or offshore. Can the Aussi edu sys transform Indian young things into benign & benevolent global citizens made & certified from Down Under ; curry bashing may be a minor tool in the process to be used sparingly and only on those who will learn from it? Play the Guru! 31
  32. 32. Nobel Prize for Literature Australia India Patrick White (1912–90): In Rabindranath Tagore 1973, Patrick White became (1861-1941) The Nobel the first Australian to be Prize in Literature 1913. awarded the Nobel Prize for He was educated at home and England. In Literature. He published 12 his mature years, he had novels, two short-story many-sided literary collections, eight plays, and activities, he managed works of non-fiction. Widely the family estates, a regarded as one of the major project which brought English language novelists of increased interest in social reforms. He also the 20th century, he had a started an experimental love–hate relationship with his school at Shantiniketan home country. where he tried his Upanishadic ideals of education. 32
  33. 33. Nobel Prize for Literature White dealt with the Tagore wrote in all literary established themes of genres, but he was first of all Australian literature and was a poet. He wrote fifty volumes inspired by Australians’ of poetry: Sonar Tari (1894) [The Golden Boat], Gitanjali relationship with the land. He (1910) [Song Offerings], drew deeply from, and Gitimalya (1914) [Wreath of illuminated, what he Songs], and Balaka (1916) described as the average, [The Flight of Cranes]. Tagore boring, ordinary and ugly. wrote many plays; he was the His major works include The author of several volumes of Aunt’s Story (1948), The short stories and a number of Tree of Man (1955) and novels, among them Gora Voss (1957). (1910), Ghare-Baire (1916) [The Home and the World], and Yogayog (1929) [Crosscurrents]. 33
  34. 34. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Australia is one of the few countries belonging to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) where general government net debt has been eliminated. According to the OECD’s 2006 economic summary of Australia, living standards have steadily improved since the start of the 1990s and now surpass those of all the industrialized nations that form the Group of Eight except the United States. 34
  35. 35. Australian exports Australian exports, which in 2007 totaled $218 billion, are a mix of minerals and energy, manufacturing, rural products and services. 35
  36. 36. "The dynamism shown by India in the last 15 years is phenomenal.” Paul Wolfowitz, President World Bank 36
  37. 37. Australia-India Complementarities We are the two biggest It is well known that democracies in the we share a common region, with a free press, colonial heritage. well established Hence many inherited institutions of institutions and government and arenas of interaction include: administration, and an independent judicial the English language, parliamentary system. democracy and We share English as the friendly competition main language of on the cricket and commerce and industry. hockey fields. 37
  38. 38. INDIA-AUSTRALIA ECONOMIC RELATIONS Australian coking coal, worth US$1.2 billion, is used in more than 50 per cent of steel produced in India; Indian companies have purchased two copper mines and three coal mines in Australia. Indo-Australian Coal and Mining Forum with their Indian counterparts to put in place mechanisms to further deepen commercial and technical linkages. 38
  39. 39. LNG, a resource for India • LNG, a relatively new commodity for India, has the potential to be another resources lynchpin in our longer- term commercial relations. Australian LNG has been provided to India through spot sales. • In August 2009, Australia has secured its first long- term liquefied natural gas supply deal with India, with India's Petronet LNG signing a 20-year agreement to take gas from the massive Gorgon project. Gorgon joint venture partner Exxon Mobil Corp and Petronet, India's largest LNG importer, signed the deal in Perth 39
  40. 40. Australia to play the India card now Australia has much in common with India; besides China and Japan. The idea of a shared Australia- China and Australia - Japan economic enterprise has come first in Aussi consciousness. India seems more distant, less familiar and less dynamic, though the cultural bonds are similar. Now, global environment requires a synergy in South Asia. 40
  41. 41. Australia-India Council (AIC) The Australia-India Council's purpose is to broaden the relationship between Australia and India by encouraging and supporting contacts and increasing levels of knowledge and understanding between the peoples and institutions of the two countries. 41
  42. 42. High Commission Australian High Indian High Commission address: Commission address: 1/50 G Shantipath, The High Commission of India Chanakyapuri – 3/5 Moonah Place Telephone: 4139 9900 Yarralumla, - Fax: 4149 4490 ACT - 2600 42
  43. 43. Australian Studies Fellowships for Indian University Teaching Staff and Postgraduates The Australian Studies Fellowships are a major component of the Australian Studies program of the Australia-India Council. The primary purpose of the Fellowships is to more fully acquaint Indian scholars with Australian Studies centers and programs in Australia. The Fellowships are managed by a consortium of Universities, led by Monash University and consisting of the Australian National University, the University of New South Wales, the University of South Australia and the University of Queensland. 43
  44. 44. Australian Renewable Energy Website This site is published by the Australian Greenhouse Office to promote the use of renewable energy and develop the Australian Renewable Energy Industry 44
  45. 45. Understanding Australia The Understanding Australia website offers international students, visitors and backpackers information about the continent and its people. (English) 45
  46. 46. Australia-India Focus / newsletter/ htm Subscription to Australia-India Focus is free. To receive Australia-India Focus by email, simply provide your Email Address, Name and Mailing Address to: The Australia-India Focus newsletter is produced bi-monthly by the Australia-India Council and the Australia India Business Council. Please direct your editorial enquiries to 46
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