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Allergies

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  • 1. Allergies
    Janisse Guzman
  • 2. Definition/Description
    According to: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/
    “An abnormally high sensitivity to certain substances, such as pollens, foods, or microorganisms.”
    Marotz(2009), states that an error in the body’s immune system causes it to overreact to a harmless substance, thus causing an allergic reaction.
  • 3. Facts and Statistics from Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA)
    According to AAFA, about 20 percent of Americans have allergies and/or allergic asthma
    • About 80% of children with asthma have allergies
    • 4. 8% of children under six have food allergies
    • 5. Children are more likely than adults to have allergies
    • 6. Retrieved from:
    http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=19&cont=253
  • 7. Allergen Subcategories
    Allergens are the substances that cause allergic reactions and are categorized according to where their symptoms occur
    Ingestants
    Inhalants
    Contactants
    Injectables
    Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)
  • 8. Ingestants
    Upset digestion
    Cause respiratory issues
    Examples include:
    Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)
  • 14. Inhalants
    Affect respiration
    Can cause: runny nose, coughing, wheezing, and itchy, watery eyes
    Examples include:
    Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)
  • 19. Contactants
    Cause irritation of the skin
    Rashes, hives, and eczema
    Examples include:
    Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)
  • 25. Injectables
    “Trigger respiratory, digestive, and/or skin disturbances”(Marotz, 2009, p. 100).
    Examples include:
    Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)
  • 30. Anaphylxis
    “A severe allergic reaction that can cause difficulty breathing, itching, unconsciousness, and possible death” (Marotz, 2009, p. 103)
    Common symptoms of anaphylaxis include:
    • Wheezing or difficulty breathing
    • 31. Swelling of lips, tongue, throat or eyelids
    • 32. Itching and hives
    • 33. Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
    • 34. Anxiety and restlessness
    • 35. Blue discoloration around the mouth and nailbeds
    Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)
  • 36. Anaphylaxis (cont)
    This should be treated as an
    If anaphylaxis occurs AN ABULANCE SHOULD BE CALLED IMMEDIATELY.
  • 37. Managing Allergies
    There are no known cures for allergies.
    However they can be managed.
    A physician can help parents formulate a treatment plan after a positive allergy test.
    This may include strategies such as medication or removing allergens from the child’s environment as much as possible.
    “Most allergies are easily managed with the right treatment plan.” (http://www.aafa.org)
    Retrieved from: http://www.aafa.org
  • 38. Affects on Children’s Daily Life
    Children may be overprotected to avoid reactions
    Children may be self conscious about their appearances due to sneezing, runny noses, rashes, and/or red and swollen eyes
    Poor self esteem
    Maladjustment
    Withdrawn behaviors
    It is also important not to let children use allergies for special attention or privileges
  • 39. Suggestions for Teachers
    Parents are usually the best resource as they know their child best and what has and hasn’t worked.
    Even the child may be able to contribute to your plan of action.
    Keep families informed
    For example: if there is a peanut allergy ask parents to try and avoid bringing food with peanuts to a party or in severe cases in their child’s lunch
    Do not allow a child to use his allergies to gain special attention
    Clinics and hospitals offer classes to help children and their families adjust which can benefit teachers.
    Professional websites are also great resources.
  • 40. Common Allergies
    Eggs
    Milk (milk products)
    Fish and Shellfish
    Peanuts
    Tree nuts
    Wheat and wheat products
    soybeans
    Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)
  • 41. AAFA: A Good Resource
    This organizations website: http://www.aafa.org is a great resource to start with.
    It has various facts pertaining to Allergies and Asthma such as:
  • References
    http://www.thefreedictionary.com/allergy
    http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=19&cont=253
    Marotz, L.R. (2009). Health, safety, and nutrition for the young child, 7th ed. Wadsworth Pub Co.

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