Allergies<br />Janisse Guzman<br />
Definition/Description<br />According to:  http://www.thefreedictionary.com/<br />“An abnormally high sensitivity to certa...
Facts and Statistics from Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA)<br />According to AAFA, about 20 percent of Amer...
8% of children under six have food allergies
Children are more likely than adults to have allergies
Retrieved from:  </li></ul> http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=19&cont=253<br />
Allergen Subcategories<br />Allergens are the substances that cause allergic reactions and are categorized according to wh...
Ingestants<br />Upset digestion<br />Cause respiratory issues<br />Examples include:<br /><ul><li>Milk
Peanuts
Citrus
Eggs
Chocolate
Oral Medication</li></ul>Retrieved from:  (Marotz, 2009)<br />
Inhalants<br />Affect respiration<br />Can cause: runny nose, coughing, wheezing, and itchy, watery eyes<br />Examples inc...
Dust
Animal dander
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Allergies

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Allergies

  1. 1. Allergies<br />Janisse Guzman<br />
  2. 2. Definition/Description<br />According to: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/<br />“An abnormally high sensitivity to certain substances, such as pollens, foods, or microorganisms.” <br />Marotz(2009), states that an error in the body’s immune system causes it to overreact to a harmless substance, thus causing an allergic reaction.<br />
  3. 3. Facts and Statistics from Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA)<br />According to AAFA, about 20 percent of Americans have allergies and/or allergic asthma<br /><ul><li>About 80% of children with asthma have allergies
  4. 4. 8% of children under six have food allergies
  5. 5. Children are more likely than adults to have allergies
  6. 6. Retrieved from: </li></ul> http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=19&cont=253<br />
  7. 7. Allergen Subcategories<br />Allergens are the substances that cause allergic reactions and are categorized according to where their symptoms occur<br />Ingestants<br />Inhalants<br />Contactants<br />Injectables<br />Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)<br />
  8. 8. Ingestants<br />Upset digestion<br />Cause respiratory issues<br />Examples include:<br /><ul><li>Milk
  9. 9. Peanuts
  10. 10. Citrus
  11. 11. Eggs
  12. 12. Chocolate
  13. 13. Oral Medication</li></ul>Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)<br />
  14. 14. Inhalants<br />Affect respiration<br />Can cause: runny nose, coughing, wheezing, and itchy, watery eyes<br />Examples include:<br /><ul><li>Pollen
  15. 15. Dust
  16. 16. Animal dander
  17. 17. Perfumes
  18. 18. Cleaning products</li></ul>Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)<br />
  19. 19. Contactants<br />Cause irritation of the skin<br />Rashes, hives, and eczema<br />Examples include:<br /><ul><li>Soaps
  20. 20. Cosmetics
  21. 21. Fibers
  22. 22. Poison ivy
  23. 23. Latex
  24. 24. Medications applied to the skin</li></ul>Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)<br />
  25. 25. Injectables<br />“Trigger respiratory, digestive, and/or skin disturbances”(Marotz, 2009, p. 100).<br />Examples include:<br /><ul><li>Insect bites
  26. 26. Bees
  27. 27. Spiders
  28. 28. Hornets
  29. 29. Medicine that is injected</li></ul>Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)<br />
  30. 30. Anaphylxis<br />“A severe allergic reaction that can cause difficulty breathing, itching, unconsciousness, and possible death” (Marotz, 2009, p. 103)<br />Common symptoms of anaphylaxis include:<br /><ul><li>Wheezing or difficulty breathing
  31. 31. Swelling of lips, tongue, throat or eyelids
  32. 32. Itching and hives
  33. 33. Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
  34. 34. Anxiety and restlessness
  35. 35. Blue discoloration around the mouth and nailbeds</li></ul>Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)<br />
  36. 36. Anaphylaxis (cont)<br />This should be treated as an<br />If anaphylaxis occurs AN ABULANCE SHOULD BE CALLED IMMEDIATELY.<br />
  37. 37. Managing Allergies<br />There are no known cures for allergies.<br />However they can be managed.<br />A physician can help parents formulate a treatment plan after a positive allergy test.<br />This may include strategies such as medication or removing allergens from the child’s environment as much as possible.<br />“Most allergies are easily managed with the right treatment plan.” (http://www.aafa.org)<br />Retrieved from: http://www.aafa.org<br />
  38. 38. Affects on Children’s Daily Life<br />Children may be overprotected to avoid reactions<br />Children may be self conscious about their appearances due to sneezing, runny noses, rashes, and/or red and swollen eyes<br />Poor self esteem<br />Maladjustment<br />Withdrawn behaviors<br />It is also important not to let children use allergies for special attention or privileges<br />
  39. 39. Suggestions for Teachers<br />Parents are usually the best resource as they know their child best and what has and hasn’t worked.<br />Even the child may be able to contribute to your plan of action.<br />Keep families informed<br />For example: if there is a peanut allergy ask parents to try and avoid bringing food with peanuts to a party or in severe cases in their child’s lunch<br />Do not allow a child to use his allergies to gain special attention<br />Clinics and hospitals offer classes to help children and their families adjust which can benefit teachers. <br />Professional websites are also great resources.<br />
  40. 40. Common Allergies<br />Eggs<br />Milk (milk products)<br />Fish and Shellfish<br />Peanuts<br />Tree nuts<br />Wheat and wheat products<br />soybeans<br />Retrieved from: (Marotz, 2009)<br />
  41. 41. AAFA: A Good Resource<br />This organizations website: http://www.aafa.org is a great resource to start with.<br />It has various facts pertaining to Allergies and Asthma such as:<br /><ul><li>Useful facts
  42. 42. Different tests
  43. 43. Where to find doctors
  44. 44. Statistics</li></li></ul><li>References<br />http://www.thefreedictionary.com/allergy<br />http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=19&cont=253<br />Marotz, L.R. (2009). Health, safety, and nutrition for the young child, 7th ed. Wadsworth Pub Co.<br />
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