Monetary policy of RBI


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Monetary policy of RBI a analysis.

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  • Bank Rateminimum rate at which the central bank provides loans to commercial banksAlso called the discount rate. An increase in bank rate results in commercial banks increasing their lending rates. Changes in bank rate alter the cost of creditCurrent Bank rate 6%Cash Reserve Ratio Certain amount of banks deposits in cash with RBI. This % is cash reserve ratioThe current CRR requirement is 5 per cent. Statutory Liquidity RatioBanks to maintain 24 per cent of their demand and time liabilities in government securities and certain approved securities called SLR securitiesBuying/Selling of securities laid to Harshad Mehta scam(1992)Reposecured short-term (usually 15 days) loan by one bank to another against government securities. The borrower sells the securities to the lending bank for cash, with the stipulation that at the end of the borrowing term, it will buy back the securities at a slightly higher price, the difference in price representing the interest.Current Repo Rate is 5%Reverse Reposame repurchase agreement(as Repo) from the buyer's viewpoint seller executing the transaction would describe it as a 'repo', while the buyer would describe it a 'reverse repo‘Current Reverse Repo rate is 3.5%CAR (Capital adequacy Ratio ):ratio of a bank's capital to its riskNational regulators track a bank's CAR to ensure banks can bear reasonable amount of loss and are complying with statutory Capital requirementscapacity of bank meeting the time liabilities and other risk Risk could be credit risk, operational risk, etcBank's capital is the "cushion" for potential losses, which protect the bank's depositors or other lendersBanking regulators in most countries define and monitor CAR to protect depositors, thereby maintaining confidence in the banking systemCAR is similar to leverageOpen Market Operationsimportant instrument of credit controlRBI purchases/sells securities in open market operations. During inflation, RBI sells securities to remove excess money in the market.During Deflation ,RBI purchases securitiesMoney Supply (M3)total volume of money circulating in the economycurrency with the public and demand deposits (current account + savings account) with the public. four concepts of measuring money supply:M1= currency with the public + demand deposits with the public + other deposits with the public. All coins and notes in circulation, and personal current accounts. M2= M1+ personal deposit accounts + government deposits + deposits in currencies other than rupee. M3= fixed deposits + savings deposits with post office + saving banks + M1Most Popular and known as Broad money conceptInflationInflation refers to a persistent rise in pricesToo much money and too few goodsScarcity of goods and many buyers, push the prices up Deflation is Converse of inflation persistent falling of prices. RBI can take two steps to reduce InflationReduce supply of money Increase interest rates
  • Monetary policy of RBI

    1. 1. Copyright © Wondershare Software Presented By : Chetan Jadav Rasik Jani
    2. 2. CD Deshmukh The First Indian Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Dr. Raghuram Rajan Present Governer of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
    3. 3. Monetary policy- Meaning The part of the economic policy which regulates the level of money in the economy in order to achieve certain objectives. In INDIA,RBI controls the monetary policy. It is announced twice a year, through which RBI,regulate the price stability for the economy. 1.slack season policy April-September 2.Busy season policy October-March
    4. 4. ∫Economic Growth ∫Full Employment ∫Flow of credit in all sectors of economy ∫Price Stability ∫Exchange rate stability OBJECTIVES
    5. 5. Repo Rate LOAN TAKER = BANK Reverse Repo Rate LOAN TAKER = RBI Quantitative measures
    6. 6. Bank rate Open market operations Cash reserve ratio (CRR) Statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) Quantitative measures
    7. 7. Quantitative measures Bank rate : Bank Rate is the rate at which central bank of the country (in India it is RBI) allows finance to commercial banks. Bank Rate is a tool, which central bank uses for short-term purposes.
    8. 8. Open market operations Quantitative measures An open market operation (also known as OMO) is an activity by a central bank to buy or sell government bonds on the open market.
    9. 9. Cash reserve ratio (CRR) Quantitative measures This serves two purposes. It ensures that a portion of bank deposits is totally risk- free. It enables that RBI control liquidity in the system, and thereby, inflation by tying their hands in lending money Always stands between 3 % to 15 %
    10. 10. Ω Moral Suasion Ω Direct Action Ω Regulation in consumer credit Qualitative Measures
    11. 11. REGULATION IN CONSUMER CREDIT Qualitative Measures most of the consumer durables like T.V., Refrigerator, Motorcar, etc. are available on installment basis. If there is excess demand for certain consumer durables leading to their high prices, central bank can reduce consumer credit by (a) increasing down payment, and (b) reducing the number of installments of repayment of such credit.
    12. 12. DIRECT ACTION Qualitative Measures This method is adopted when a commercial bank does not co-operate the central bank in achieving its desirable objectives.
    13. 13. MORAL SUASION Qualitative Measures To arrest inflationary situation central bank persuades and request the commercial banks to refrain from giving loans for speculative and non-essential purposes. On the other hand, to counteract deflation central bank pursuades the commercial banks to extend credit for different purposes.
    14. 14. IF : Bank Rate Bank Rate
    15. 15. CRR/SLR CRR/SLR
    16. 16. •9.00% (28 jan 2014)Bank Rate •4.00% (9 feb 2013)CRR •23% (11 aug 2012)SLR •8.00% (28 jan 2012)Repo Rate •7.00% (28 jan 2012)Reverse Repo Rate •61.19% (on March 2014)Re/$ Current Rates
    18. 18. Use Indian product. Avoid meeting in five star hotel. Avoid foreign tour. Come out idol money balance in market .