● Any rule of action or any system of
● a binding rule of conduct which serves
to give shape and direction to our
● any constant way of acting or reacting,
any directive rule of activity.
- An ordinance of reason, promulgated by
competent authority for the sake of the
CHARACTERISTICS OF LAW:
1) LAW is based on vision.
2) LAW arises from and expresses basic
Thou shall not kill.
Thou shall not commit adultery.
Thou shall not steal.
Thou shall not bear false witness.
FUNCTIONS OF MORAL LAW:
1) They provide criteria for judging
WHO we are and HOW we should
2) Laws help our moral development.
3) They provide stability and
consistency in our lives.
4) Laws can challenge us.
General Divisions of LAW:
(1)Law(in strict legal sense) which is
promulgated and enforced by the
(2)Law(in the non-legal sense) which
is NOT promulgated and enforced
by the state.
Categories of LAW:
● Natural Law
● Civil Law
● Divine Law
● Church Law
- Laws that are built into the nature of life
itself, and thus are knowable to all people
in all societies.
- The universal law found in the structure of
- The particular application of natural
law and the means of assuring the
- Promulgated and enforced by the
- The law that comes to us from
God in revelation.
- Law of religion and faith which
concerns itself with the concept
of sin and salvation.
(1)Divine law received by the Jewish people
before the time of Moses.
(2) Mosaic law which was initiated in the
giving of the Ten Commandments to
Moses on Mount of Sinai.
(3) The law given to us by Christ.
- Expression of divine law as it is applied to
particular circumstances of Christian life.