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  • 1. Fundamentals of the Shot
  • 2. What is a Scene?
    •   A combination of shots that shows the action that takes place in one location or setting
  • 3. What is a Shot?
    • A continuous view filmed from one perspective
  • 4. Shot Description
    • Camera framing
      • How close or far a subject is from the camera.
    • Camera angles
      • Angling of the camera from which you view the subject.
    • Camera movement
      • The movement of the camera forward, backward, left, right, up, and down
  • 5. Camera Framing
    • Extreme long (wide) shot
    • Long (wide) shot
    • Medium shot
    • Close-up shot
    • Extreme close-up
    • Two shot
  • 6. Extreme Long Shot
    • Establishes the location or setting
      • Example: Western landscape
  • 7. Long Shot
    • Frames the entire height of a person, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bottom
    • Shows the location, characters, and action
  • 8. Medium Shot
    • Frames an individual from either the waist up, or from the knees.
  • 9. Close-up Shot
    • Shows a character from the shoulders to the top of the head
  • 10. Camera Angles
    • High-angle shot
    • Low-angle shot
    • Eye-level shot
    • Bird’s eye view
    • Worm's eye view
    • Canted shot
    • Three-quarter shot
    • Over-the-shoulder shot
  • 11. High-angle Shot
    • A camera placed higher than the subject (not directly overhead) and tilted downward
  • 12. Low-angle Shot
    • A camera placed lower than the subject and tilted upward
  • 13. Eye-level Shot
    • The camera is positioned at eye-level with a character.
  • 14. Bird’s Eye View
    • The camera is positioned directly overhead of the action
  • 15. Canted Shot
    • The camera is tilted so that the subject appears to be diagonal and off-balance.
  • 16. Three-quarter Shot
    • Positions the camera between a frontal angle and a profile shot.
  • 17. Over-the-shoulder Shot
    • Positions the camera over the shoulder of one character, revealing part of the backside of their head and shoulders, and focuses on the character facing the camera in the background
  • 18. Camera Movement
    • Pan
    • Tilt
    • Crane
    • Dolly
    • Track
    • Zoom
    • Static
  • 19. Pan Shot
    • A fixed camera pivots on its axis turning from left to right for the purpose of following the action within a shot
  • 20. Tilt Shot
    •   A fixed camera that moves on it vertical axis, tilting up or down
  • 21. Crane Shot
    • The camera is positioned on a crane. It can cover great distances and produce unusual camera angles.
    • The most obvious uses are to view the actors from above or to move up and away from them. It is a common way of ending a movie.
  • 22. Dolly Shot
    • The camera moves toward a subject (dolly-in) or away from a subject (dolly-out).
  • 23. Tracking Shot
    • The camera tracks alongside of the object or person.
  • 24. Zoom Shot
    • Camera stays stationary as the focal length of a lens zooms in or out.
      • Framing gets ‘tighter’ if the camera zooms in.
      • Framing gets ‘looser’ if the camera zooms out.
  • 25. Static Shot
    • The camera doesn't move, although the objects within the shot may be in motion.