Pluralism powerponit


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Pluralism powerponit

  1. 1. EDUC 501 Philosophy of EducationPLURALIS MMS. JANET L. GARCIA
  2. 2. PLURALISMDEFINITION -A society in which members ofdiverse ethnic, racial, religious andsocial groups maintain participation inand development of their traditions andspecial interest while cooperativelyworking toward the interdependenceneeded for a nation’s unity.
  3. 3. PLURALIST - is someone who believesthat distinct ethnic or cultural or religious group can exist together in society. ADOLPHUS IRWINE-pluralist
  4. 4. AIMS Interdependence, Interconnectedness, Interrelationshipsdevelopment and cooperationamong diverse peoples of the world.
  5. 5. SOCIAL PLURALISM -This refers to the concepts ofhuman justice andequality, responsible citizenshipsand consumerism, fairness inlocal, national and internationallevels, constitutional democracyand economic responsibility.
  6. 6. CULTURAL PLURALISM -It is a factual descriptiveterm for the phenomenon ofmany cultures co-existing andinteracting within the samespatial area, whetherdistrict, village, town, nation, region or global.
  7. 7. CULTURAL PLURALISM -Smaller groups within alarger society maintain theirunique cultural identities andtheir values and practices areaccepted by the wider culture.
  8. 8. CULTURAL PLURALISM -It is essential that persons andgroups having plural, varied anddynamic cultural identities shouldlive together in harmoniousinteraction and proper accord.
  9. 9. RELIGIOUS PLURALISM -The foundation of pluralism has takenthe initiative to present all religiouscommunities. The goal is to bring people ofdifferent faiths together and provide aplatform for them to share their beliefs, theirsystems, and rituals, while expanding thecomfort zone of each group.
  10. 10. RELIGIOUS PLURALISM Encourage individuals to develop anopen mind and open heart toward theirfellow beings. Accept and respect the God givenuniqueness of every individual. Appreciate different religious views.
  11. 11. SOCIAL PLURALISM -This refers to the concepts ofhuman justice andequality, responsible citizenshipsand consumerism, fairness inlocal, national and internationallevels, constitutional democracyand economic responsibility.
  12. 12. POLITICAL PLURALISM -The political power insociety does not lie with theelectorate but is distributedbetween a wide number ofgroups.
  13. 13. POLITICAL PLURALISM -There is no majority. The basicideas of the state are seen through theideas of individuals and groups to ensurethat all the needs and wants of societyare taken care of. There is no right orwrong idea. Every one’s ideas are valid.
  14. 14. POLITICAL PLURALISM-believes that negotiation process is the bestway to achieve the common good: sinceeveryone can participate in power and decision-making (and can claim part of the ownership ofthe results of exercising power) there can alsobe widespread participation and a greaterfeeling of commitment from societymembers, and therefore better outcomes.
  15. 15. POLITICAL PLURALISM -The most important value is that ofmutual respect and tolerance, so that differentgroups can coexist and interact without anyonebeing forced to assimilate to anyone elsesposition in conflicts that will naturally arise outof diverging interests and positions. Theseconflicts can only be resolved durably bynegotiation which leads to compromise and tomutual understanding.
  16. 16. POLITICAL PLURALISM -Acknowledges the diversityof interests and considers itimperative that members ofsociety accommodate theirdifference by engaging in good-faith negotiation.
  17. 17. STRUCTURAL PLURALISM -This refers to the way in whichsociety is stratified. Stratificationmaybe on the basis of suchreferents as caste, rank, social classor birth into monarchic andaristocratic groups, as in UnitedKingdom.
  18. 18. POLITICAL PLURALISM a situation of open competition for electoral support within a significant part of the adult population - ensures competition of group interests and relative equality. Pluralists stress civil rights, such as freedom of expression and organization, and an electoral system with at least two parties. On the other hand, since theparticipants in this process constitute only a tiny fraction of the populace, the public acts mainlyas bystanders. This is not necessarily undesirable for two reasons:
  19. 19. FACTORS INFLUENCE PLURALISM1. Economic expansion of Westernsocieties created for a largeadditional labor force and broughttogether by mass migration2. Improved communications andinternational transportation system
  20. 20. FACTORS INFLUENCE PLURALISM3. Growing concern for human rights, as a result of the violence of the war ans establishment of new international organizations dedicated to peace, conflict resolution and human rights4. Major new independent nations emerge, with in-built safeguards to take accounts of cultural diversity, for example, Lebanon and India
  21. 21. Pluralism and its Relevance to Education -Providing experience for students, teachers, counselors and the community to nurture and practice pluralistic thought -Teachers and community at large areacquiring an awareness of pluralismthrough subtle methods of dialog andparticipation.
  22. 22. School curriculum GROUP -CENTEREDLearning objectives aims to promote Interdependence, Interconnectedness, Interrelationships Development and Cooperation among diversities of students.
  23. 23. Methods of Teaching PRE-SCHOOL -Encourages age group -Emphasizes theindividual in a groupexperience rather thanindividualistic orientation
  24. 24. ELEMENTARY -Appreciatesandunderstands diversity -Develops grouprespect
  25. 25. HIGH SCHOOL -Group counseling has a particularimpact in the high school setting - Group experience to promotedirect, intergroup contact andincreased racial tolerance amongstudents
  26. 26. COLLEGE -Develops training programs todiminish prejudicial attitudes and topromote unlearning racism. -Helps to bridge the gap for minority
  27. 27. CONCEPTS OF PLURALISM1. It involves the promotion of group experience based on working together, sharing and listening to one another.2. Small groups are guided through experiential activities to themselves and others.
  28. 28. 3. The intimacy of daily contact andinteraction helps to make the groups realizethat race, religion, sex and age and otherphysical and social features are notsufficient bases for prejudice and discrimination.4. The group consciousness promotes and develops into FRIENDSHIPS that transcend racial, ethnic, sex, religious, age and other differences
  29. 29. TEACHING STRATEGIES WHICH PROMOTE PLURALISM1. School or community service2. Oral histories3. Group projects and presentations4. Peer tutoring, survey5. Media productions6. Cooperative learning7. Small group discussion
  30. 30. 8. Guest speakers representing other lands9. Exchange programs10. International pen pal11. Cultural programs with foreign students12. Classrooms museums13. Culture kits14. International festivals15. International service projects16. community-in-the-world projects17. Use of interactive videos
  31. 31. pluralism pluralism http://www.eric. Pluralism.htm pluralism references
  33. 33. Thank youJANET L.GARCIA