TheyThey have boughthave bought a new house.a new house.(When did they buy it? We don’t know when;the time is not mentioned.)HeHe hahass livedlived inin FranceFrance since 1991.since 1991.( He still lives in France.)HHaaveve youyou ever eatenever eaten fried ants?fried ants?1.1. Action started in the past and continues up to the present.Action started in the past and continues up to the present.2.2. Experience.Experience.3.3. Unspecific time.Unspecific time.331122
I washed?Have we cleaned?you danced?they finished?he been?Has she bought?it begun?IYes / No weyoutheyheYes / No sheithave/haven’thas/hasn’tQuestionsQuestions AnswersAnswersSTRUCTURE
EXAMPLES• HAVE YOUPRACTICEDBOWLING?• HAVE YOUPLAYEDBASEBALL?Yes, I have / No, I haven’t.Yes, I have / No, I haven’t.
EXAMPLES• HAS HE PLAYEDFOOTBALL?• HAS HE RIDDENA MOTORCYCLE?Yes, he has / No, he hasn’t.Yes, he has / No, he hasn’t.
Tom bought a new laptopyesterdayyesterday.My parents travelled toCuzco last year.last year.Tom has bought a newcar .My parents havetravelled to Cuzco twicetwiceso far.so far.PAST SIMPLE: Specific time in the past:Time expression:Time expression:yesterday , lastnight, two days ago, etcPAST SIMPLE: Specific time in the past:Time expression:Time expression:yesterday , lastnight, two days ago, etcPRESENT PERFECT: Unspecific time in the pastExperiencesTimeTime expression:expression: so far, already, yet,for, since, etc.PRESENT PERFECT: Unspecific time in the pastExperiencesTimeTime expression:expression: so far, already, yet,for, since, etc.
just = a short time ago ‘Where’s Anna?’ ‘She’s just woken up.’ ‘Are you hungry?’ ‘No, I’ve just had dinner.’ ‘Is Tom here?’ ‘No, I’m afraid he’s just gone out.’I’ve just…
are used for a period of time:Since: For:Edward has been a wampiresince 1918.They have been marriedfor long years.
Hidayet Türkoğlu has playedbasketball since he was a child.Hadise has sung for 6 years.
Examples:Since: For: since yesterday since Friday. since 2005. since I moved to London. for ten minutes. for three hours. for five days. for a month.
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