State solar policy developments: greatest hits 2009-2010

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Want to know which states have been getting their act together during the last year? The staff at the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) has done all the work for you.

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State solar policy developments: greatest hits 2009-2010

  1. 1. State Solar Policy Developments: Greatest Hits, 2009-10 * Rusty Haynes N.C. Solar Center / DSIRE N.C. State University IREC Annual Meeting October 11, 2010 * September 2009 - August 2010
  2. 2. DSIRE Overview • Created in 1995 • Funded by DOE / NREL • Managed by N.C. Solar Center; works closely with IREC • Scope = government & utility incentives & policies that promote RE & EE • ~ 2,500 total summaries • ~200,000 users/month • DSIRE Solar www.dsireusa.org www.dsireusa.org/solar
  3. 3. RPS Policies Major Developments, 2009-10 • CA: 33% x 2020; tradable RECs likely • CO: 30% x 2020; 3% DG x 2020 • DE: 25% x 2026; 3.5% solar x 2026 • MA: 400 MW solar • NJ: ~5,300 GWh solar x 2026 • NY: 29% x 2015; ~0.5% DG x 2015 • PR: 20% x 2035 • Minor changes: CT, MO, OK, OR, UT, VA, WV
  4. 4. RP S P olicies www.dsireusa.org / September 2010 VT: (1) RE meets any increase ME: 30% x 2000 WA: 15% x 2020* New RE: 10% x 2017 MN: 25% x 2025 in retail sales x 2012; MT: 15% x 2015 (Xcel: 30% x 2020) (2) 20% RE & CHP x 2017 NH: 23.8% x 2025 OR: 25% x 2025 (large utilities)* ND: 10% x 2015 MI: 10% + 1,100 MW MA: 22.1% x 2020 x 2015* New RE: 15% x 2020 5% - 10% x 2025 (smaller utilities) (+1% annually thereafter) SD: 10% x 2015 WI: Varies by utility; NY: 29% x 2015 RI: 16% x 2020 10% x 2015 statewide NV: 25% x 2025* CT: 23% x 2020 IA: 105 MW OH: 25% x 2025† CO: 30% by 2020 (IOUs) PA: ~18% x 2021† 10% by 2020 (co-ops & large munis)* IL: 25% x 2025 WV: 25% x 2025*† NJ: 22.5% x 2021 CA: 33% x 2020 UT: 20% by 2025* KS: 20% x 2020 VA: 15% x 2025* MD: 20% x 2022 MO: 15% x 2021 DE: 25% x 2026* AZ: 15% x 2025 OK: 15% x 2015 NC: 12.5% x 2021 (IOUs) DC DC: 20% x 2020 10% x 2018 (co-ops & munis) NM: 20% x 2020 (IOUs) 10% x 2020 (co-ops) PR: 20% x 2035 TX: 5,880 MW x 2015 HI: 40% x 2030 29 states + Renewable portfolio standard Minimum solar or customer-sited requirement DC and PR have an RPS * Renewable portfolio goal Extra credit for solar or customer-sited renewables (7 states have goals) Solar water heating eligible † Includes non-renewable alternative resources
  5. 5. State RPS Policies, 1997 ME: 30% x 2000 MN: 425 MW x 2002 MA (under development) IA: 105 MW x 1999 NV: 1% x 2009 AZ: 1.1% x 2007
  6. 6. RP S P olicies w ith Solar/ DG P rovisions www.dsireusa.org / September 2010 WA: double credit for DG NH: 0.3% solar- electric x 2014 OR: 20 MW solar PV x 2020; MI: triple credit for solar- double credit for PV MA: 400 MW PV x 2020 electric NY: 0.4788% customer- sited x 2015 OH: 0.5% solar- NV: 1.5% solar x 2025; CO: 3.0% DG x 2020 electric x 2025 NJ: 5,316 GWh solar- 2.4 - 2.45 multiplier for PV 1.5% customer-sited x 2020 electric x 2026 IL: 1.5% PV x 2025 W V: various PA: 0.5% PV x 2021 UT: 2.4 m ultiplier m ultipliers DE: 3.5% PV x 2026; for solar-electric DC MO: 0.3% solar- triple credit for PV AZ: 4.5% DG x 2025 electric x 2021 NC: 0.2% solar MD: 2% solar-electric x 2022 x 2018 NM: 4% solar-electric x 2020 DC: 0.4% solar x 2020 0.6% DG x 2020 TX: double credit for non-wind (non-wind goal: 500 MW) 16 states + DC have an RPS Renewables standard with solar / DG provision with solar/DG Renewables goal with solar / DG provision provisions Solar water heating counts toward solar provision
  7. 7. Direct Cash Incentives Major Developments, 2009-10 • 61 new programs initiated (34 ARRA-funded) • 32 states + DC, PR, USVI now offer direct cash incentives • FITs and “FITs” in VT, OR, CA + 7 utilities • Issues: gauging demand, FIT viability
  8. 8. Direct Cash I ncentives for Solar www.dsireusa.org / September 2010 U NH U U VT U MA U U U U U RI U U U U U U U U U U DC U U U U U U U U U U U.S. Virgin Islands U U Puerto  Rico U U 32 states State Direct Cash Incentives for PV +DC, PR & USVI State Direct Cash Incentives for Solar Water Heating offer direct cash incentives for State Direct Cash Incentives for both PV and Solar Water Heating solar projects U Utility Direct Cash Incentive(s) for PV and/or Solar Water Heating
  9. 9. Tax Incentives Major Developments, 2009-10 • FL, PA, PR eliminated several tax incentives • HI, OR mopped up tax credits • AZ, NC, MT improved/extended existing tax credits • Issues: state budget implosions
  10. 10. State Budget Shortfalls (after using ARRA funds)
  11. 11. PACE Financing Major Developments, 2009-10
  12. 12. PACE Financing Additional Major Developments, 2009-10 • New laws enacted: GA, FL, ME, MA, MN, MO, NH, NY, NC • Existing laws improved: CA, CO, IL, OH, VA, WI • Issues: policy viability, industry squabbling, CA plans
  13. 13. P roperty Assessed Clean Energy (P ACE) www.dsireusa.org / September 2010 ME: 2010 MN: 2010 NH: 2010 NY: 2009 OR: 2009 VT: 2009 WI: 2009 NV: 2009 OH: 2009 MD: 2009 IL: 2009 CO: 2008 DC DC: 2010 CA: 2008 VA: 2009 MO: 2010 NC: 2009 NM: 2009 OK: 2009 GA: 2010 TX: 2009 LA: 2009 23 states + DC FL: 2010 authorize PACE (22 HI: Existing states have passed Authority legislation and HI PACE financing authorized by the state* permits it based on *The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a statement in July 2010 concerning the existing law) senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided.
  14. 14. Net Metering Major Developments, 2009-10 • CA: raised aggregate capacity limit from 2.5% to 5% • NJ: individual capacity now based on customer’s use • NY: fixed glitch that limited non-residential NM • WV: established new, robust policy • MD: uh-oh… • Issues: evolution & complexity, community solar
  15. 15. Net M etering www.dsireusa.org / September 2010 ME: 660 WA: 100 co-ops & munis: 100 VT: 20/250/2,200 MT: 50* ND: 100* NH: 100 OR: 25/2,000* MN: 40 MA: 60/1,000/2,000* WI: 20* RI: 1,650/2,250/3,500* MI: 150* WY: 25* CT: 2,000* IA: 500* NY: 10/25/500/2,000* NV: 1,000* NE: 25 OH: no limit* IL: 40* PA: 50/3,000/5,000* UT: 25/2,000* IN: 10* CA: 1,000* KS: 25/200* NJ: no limit* CO: no limit KY: 30* VA: 20/500* MO: 100 DC DE: 25/500/2,000* co-ops & munis: 10/25 NC: 1,000* MD: 2,000 AZ: no limit* OK: 100* WV: 25/50/500/2,000 AR: 25/300 NM: 80,000* DC: 1,000 GA: 10/100 AK: 25* LA: 25/300 HI: 100 FL: 2,000* 43 states + KIUC: 50 DC & PR have State policy adopted a net PR: 25/1,000 Voluntary utility program(s) only metering policy * State policy applies to certain utility types only (e.g., investor-owned utilities) Note: Numbers indicate individual system capacity limit in kW. Some limits vary by customer type, technology and/or application. Other limits might also apply. This map generally does not address statutory changes until administrative rules have been adopted to implement such changes.
  16. 16. Looking Ahead… • Resolution of FIT & PACE complications? • Viability of 3rd-party PPA & lease models? • Implications of increasing policy complexity? • Role of utilities? • Federal role? RPS? Extension of 1603 grants? • Will Texas mess with solar?
  17. 17. DSIRE Staff Justin Barnes: justin_barnes@ncsu.edu Chelsea Conover: chelsea_conover@ncsu.edu Ty Gorman: trgorman@ncsu.edu Rusty Haynes: rusty_haynes@ncsu.edu Amy Heinemann: amy.heinemann@ncsu.edu Brian Lips: brian_lips@ncsu.edu Mathew Palmer: mathew_palmer@ncsu.edu Amanda Vanega: amanda_vanega@ncsu.edu

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