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  1. 1. Warm Up – Page 107 Work on your saltwater chapter map. Your “ticket” to play today’s review game is to have this completed.
  2. 2. <ul><li>What new idea did you get from looking at the projects? </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is your favorite project? </li></ul><ul><li>Which material did you think was the most creative? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Which of these would NOT cause a water shortage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. a period of less rain than usual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. more people moving to an area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. the closing down of several nearby mines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. more farmland being planted in an area </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What is a drought? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. long period of less than average rainfall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. a period when all of the rain evaporates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. a time when all the lakes and ponds dry up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. long period of more than average rainfall </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>What is using water wisely to avoid wasting it called? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Wisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Desalination </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Pesticides are most likely to be found in runoff from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. roads. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. farm fields. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. homes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. factories. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>What is the process of obtaining freshwater from saltwater called? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Deforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Deoceanation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Desalination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Freshination </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Which of these examples uses water conservation and reduces water pollution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. factories making printing inks with water instead of chemical solvents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. farmers using fewer pesticides in farm fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. factories reusing cooling water instead of returning it to a river </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. farmers planting fields with coarse grass that filter out pollutants </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>When do spring tides occur? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. During first quarter moon and a third quarter moon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. During full moon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. During new moon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. During a full moon and new moon. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Waves on the surface of the ocean are mostly caused by what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Gravity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Tides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Tsunamis </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>How often do high tides occur in most places? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Every 3 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Every 6 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Every 9 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Every 12 hours </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>What are tides caused by? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Waves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Gravity from the moon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Gravity from the moon and sun </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>What is a tide with the least difference between high and low tide called? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. neap tide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. spring tide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. fall tide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. leap tide </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>What does salinity measure? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. The amount of ions in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. The amount of dissolved salts in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. The amount of fish in water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. The amount of undissolved salts in water </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>What is the most abundant salt in seawater? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Sodium chloride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Magnesium chloride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Calcium chloride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Potassium chloride </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Which of the following areas in the ocean would have the lowest salinity? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. a warm, tropical sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. the cold Arctic Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. a bay at the mouth of a big river </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. deep parts of the Pacific Ocean </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>In which zone is the most dense ocean water found? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Intertidal Zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Surface Zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Transition Zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Deep Zone </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>What are deep currents caused by? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Fish swimming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Differences in density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Gravity </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>What is a deep canyon in the ocean floor called? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. A canyon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. A trench </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. A mid-ocean ridge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. A rift valley </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>In which zone is ocean temperature most affected by weather? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Surface zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Transition zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Deep zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Hydrothermal zone </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>What is the continuous chain of underwater mountains called? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Mid-ocean ridge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Volcanic island chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Seamounts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Abyssal plain </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>What is the nearly flat region of the ocean floor covered with sediment called? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Abyssal Plain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Continental Shelf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Mid-ocean Ridge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Trench </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>What marks the true edge of a continent? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Abyssal Plain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Continental Shelf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Continental Slope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Continental Rise </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Which zone of the ocean receives enough sunlight to support the growth of algae? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Surface Zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Transition Zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Deep Zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Trench Zone </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>What is the gently sloping region that extends from the edge of a continent called? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Abyssal Plain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Continental Shelf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Continental Slope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Continental Rise </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>What surface current affects the climate of England? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. East Australian Current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Gulf Stream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Greenland Current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. United Kingdom Current </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>More than 97% of the Earth’s water is found where? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. The oceans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. The atmosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Lakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Ice/Glaciers </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>The energy that drives the water cycle comes from what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Tides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Hurricanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Sun </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>More than two thirds of the Earth’s freshwater is found in what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Atmosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Groundwater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Icecaps and glaciers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Lakes </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>What is the process where plants release water into the atmosphere? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Accumulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Condensation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Evaporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Transpiration </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid gain enough energy to change into a gas is called what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Condensation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Evaporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Precipitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Transpiration </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Water that falls to the Earth as snow is called what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Collection. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Condensation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Evaporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Precipitation </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>What is happening to the total amount of water on the Earth? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. It is increasing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. It is decreasing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. It is staying about the same. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Freshwater is increasing but saltwater is decreasing. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>What needs to happen for a molecule to leave the ocean and enter the atmosphere? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. It needs to gain energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. It needs to lose energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. It needs to keep the same amount of energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. It needs to have an energy party </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>What does it mean if something is permeable? </li></ul><ul><li>There are tiny connected spaces which water or air can get through </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>What is a reservoir? </li></ul><ul><li>A body of water that stores water for human use – it may be manmade or natural </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>What are the causes of a water shortage? </li></ul><ul><li>When too little rain falls (drought), too much water is used, or both take place </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>What property of water describes the way water molecules stick to other water molecules? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Adhesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Capillarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Surface tension </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>What property of water describes the way water molecules stick to other surfaces? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Adhesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Capillarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Surface tension </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>What property of water describes the way water molecules tend to reduce their surface area to stay together? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Adhesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Capillarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Surface tension </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>What property of water describes the way water moves up thin tubes? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Adhesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Capillarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Surface tension </li></ul></ul>