Rocks Test Review
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Rocks Test Review

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Rocks Test Review Rocks Test Review Presentation Transcript

  • Test Review
  • Question 1
    • True or False: Each major group of rocks only follows one pathway through the rock cycle.
  • Answer 1
    • False
  • Question 2
    • What is a rock generally made up of?
  • Answer 2
    • Minerals and other materials
  • Question 3
    • What type of rock forms from the cooling of lava above the ground or the cooling of magma below the surface?
  • Answer 3
    • Igneous
  • Question 4
    • What is the process where dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together?
  • Answer 4
    • Cementation
  • Question 5
    • Chalk formed from sediments made of skeletons of microscopic living things in the ocean must be what type of sedimentary rock?
  • Answer 5
    • Organic rock
  • Question 6
    • Heat and pressure deep within the Earth can change any type of rock into what?
  • Answer 6
    • Metamorphic rock
  • Question 7
    • What does it mean if a metamorphic rock is nonfoliated?
  • Answer 7
    • It does not have layers.
  • Question 8
    • In the rock cycle, what type or types of rocks can form sedimentary rocks?
  • Answer 8
    • Any type of rock
  • Question 9
    • What is a sedimentary rock made up of rounded fragments of other rocks called?
  • Answer 9
    • Conglomerate
  • Question 10
    • True or false: Sandstone changing into quartzite is an example of the process that forms sedimentary rocks.
  • Answer 10
    • False
  • Question 11
    • True or false: The most common extrusive rock is basalt.
  • Answer 11
    • True
  • Question 12
    • How do geologists describe a rock’s texture?
  • Answer 12
    • The size, shape, and pattern of the rock’s grains
  • Question 13
    • A rock that cools very quickly when it forms will have what type of texture?
  • Answer 13
    • Smooth and shiny with no visible grain
  • Question 14
    • Where do most metamorphic rocks form?
  • Answer 14
    • Deep below the surface of the Earth
  • Question 15
    • What is the most abundant intrusive rock?
  • Answer 15
    • Granite
  • Question 16
    • A sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments squeeze together is called what?
  • Answer 16
    • Clastic rock
  • Question 17
    • How do geologists classify metamorphic rocks?
  • Answer 17
    • By the arrangement of the grains that make up the rock
  • Question 18
    • The series of processes on the Earth and below the Earth’s surface that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another is called what?
  • Answer 18
    • The rock cycle
  • Question 19
    • True or false: Particles of a rock called grains give a rock its texture.
  • Answer 19
    • True
  • Question 20
    • True or false: Examples of clastic rocks, which are made of particles of other rocks, include sandstone, shale, and breccia.
  • Answer 20
    • True
  • Question 21
    • When all the grains of a rock are large and easy to see, they are described as what?
  • Answer 21
    • Coarse-grained
  • Question 22
    • The process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it is called what?
  • Answer 22
    • Deposition
  • Question 23
    • True or false: Igneous rocks that formed beneath the Earth’s surface are extrusive rocks.
  • Answer 23
    • False
  • Question 24
    • What does foliated mean?
  • Answer 24
    • When a metamorphic rock’s grains are arranged in parallel layers