Hydrology Review 2014

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Hydrology Review 2014

  1. 1. 2014
  2. 2.  When do spring tides occur?     A. During first quarter moon and a third quarter moon. B. During full moon C. During new moon. D. During a full moon and new moon.
  3. 3.  Waves on the surface of the ocean are mostly caused by what?     A. Wind B. Gravity C. Tides D. Tsunamis
  4. 4.  How often do high tides occur in most places?     A. Every 3 hours B. Every 6 hours C. Every 9 hours D. Every 12 hours
  5. 5.  What are tides caused by?     A. Wind B. Waves C. Gravity from the moon D. Gravity from the moon and sun
  6. 6.  What is a tide with the least difference between high and low tide called?     A. neap tide B. spring tide C. fall tide D. leap tide
  7. 7.  What does salinity measure?     A. The amount of ions in water B. The amount of dissolved salts in water C. The amount of fish in water. D. The amount of undissolved salts in water
  8. 8.  What is the most abundant salt in seawater?     A. Sodium chloride B. Magnesium chloride C. Calcium chloride D. Potassium chloride
  9. 9.  Which of the following areas in the ocean would have the lowest salinity?     A. a warm, tropical sea B. the cold Arctic Ocean C. a bay at the mouth of a big river D. deep parts of the Pacific Ocean
  10. 10.  In which zone is the most dense ocean water found?     A. Intertidal Zone B. Surface Zone C. Transition Zone D. Deep Zone
  11. 11.  What are deep currents caused by?     A. Fish swimming B. Wind C. Differences in density D. Gravity
  12. 12.  What is a deep canyon in the ocean floor called?     A. A canyon B. A trench C. A mid-ocean ridge D. A rift valley
  13. 13.  In which zone is ocean temperature most affected by weather?     A. Surface zone B. Transition zone C. Deep zone D. Hydrothermal zone
  14. 14.  What is the continuous chain of underwater mountains called?     A. Mid-ocean ridge B. Volcanic island chain C. Seamounts D. Abyssal plain
  15. 15.  What is the nearly flat region of the ocean floor covered with sediment called?     A. Abyssal Plain B. Continental Shelf C. Mid-ocean Ridge D. Trench
  16. 16.  What marks the true edge of a continent?     A. Abyssal Plain B. Continental Shelf C. Continental Slope D. Continental Rise
  17. 17.  Which zone of the ocean receives enough sunlight to support the growth of algae?     A. Surface Zone B. Transition Zone D. Deep Zone C. Trench Zone
  18. 18.  What is the gently sloping region that extends from the edge of a continent called?     A. Abyssal Plain B. Continental Shelf C. Continental Slope D. Continental Rise
  19. 19.  What surface current affects the climate of England?     A. East Australian Current B. Gulf Stream C. Greenland Current D. United Kingdom Current
  20. 20.  More than 97% of the Earth’s water is found where?     A. The oceans B. The atmosphere C. Lakes D. Ice/Glaciers
  21. 21.  The energy that drives the water cycle comes from what?     A. Wind B. Tides C. Hurricanes D. Sun
  22. 22.  More than two thirds of the Earth’s freshwater is found in what?     A. Atmosphere B. Groundwater C. Icecaps and glaciers D. Lakes
  23. 23.  What is the process where plants release water into the atmosphere?     A. Accumulation B. Condensation C. Evaporation D. Transpiration
  24. 24.  The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid gain enough energy to change into a gas is called what?     A. Condensation B. Evaporation C. Precipitation D. Transpiration
  25. 25.  Water that falls to the Earth as snow is called what?     A. Collection. B. Condensation C. Evaporation D. Precipitation
  26. 26.  What is happening to the total amount of water on the Earth?     A. It is increasing. B. It is decreasing. C. It is staying about the same. D. Freshwater is increasing but saltwater is decreasing.
  27. 27.  What needs to happen for a molecule to leave the ocean and enter the atmosphere?     A. It needs to gain energy B. It needs to lose energy C. It needs to keep the same amount of energy D. It needs to have an energy party
  28. 28.   What causes waves? wind
  29. 29.   What causes surface currents? wind
  30. 30.   What causes deep currents? Differences in density
  31. 31.  How do we study the ocean?     A. Sonar B. Satellites C. Submersibles D. All of the above

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