09 25-2013-paleontology review

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09 25-2013-paleontology review

  1. 1. PAGE 32 – COPY & ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS:1. What is the relative age of a rock or fossil? 2. How is relative age measured? 3. What does the geologic time scale show us? 4. How do we determine when new eras and periods begin? 5. How do fossils show us that the environments and climates of Earth have changed?
  2. 2. PALEONTOL OGY TEST Review Game
  3. 3. QUESTION 1  What is the death of every member of a species called?
  4. 4. ANSWER 1  Extinction
  5. 5. QUESTION 2  What process compares one rock layer with another in sequence to determine age?
  6. 6. ANSWER 2  Relative dating
  7. 7. QUESTION 3  Which era do we live in?
  8. 8. ANSWER 3  Cenozoic Era
  9. 9. QUESTION 4  What principle says that the geologic processes that occur today also occurred in the past?
  10. 10. ANSWER 4  Uniformitarianism
  11. 11. QUESTION 5  What is a missing layer of rock called?
  12. 12. ANSWER 5  Uncomformity
  13. 13. QUESTION 6  What is the study of past life using fossils?
  14. 14. ANSWER 6  Paleontology
  15. 15. QUESTION 7  What principle says that younger rock is on top of older rock?
  16. 16. ANSWER 7  superposition
  17. 17. QUESTION 8  At what rate does geologic change generally occur?
  18. 18. ANSWER 8  Slowly
  19. 19. QUESTION 9  How do we know that the environmental conditions on the Earth have changed?
  20. 20. ANSWER 9  By looking at the fossil record
  21. 21. QUESTION 10  What is the Principle of Original Horizontality?
  22. 22. ANSWER 10  Sediments and sedimentary rock are formed in horizontal layers
  23. 23. QUESTION 11  What is the geologic column?
  24. 24. ANSWER 11  All of the Earth’s layers of rocks together that shows us the Earth’s history
  25. 25. QUESTION 12  If you find the fossil of a fish on the top of the mountain, what can you learn about the history of the mountain?
  26. 26. ANSWER 12  It was once underwater
  27. 27. QUESTION 13  What era is the Age of Reptiles?
  28. 28. ANSWER 13  Mesozoic Era
  29. 29. QUESTION 14  What type of rocks usually contain fossils?
  30. 30. ANSWER 14  Sedimentary
  31. 31. QUESTION 15  How many years ago did dinosaurs become extinct?
  32. 32. ANSWER 15  About 65 million years ago
  33. 33. QUESTION 16  Which layer is the oldest?
  34. 34. ANSWER 16  Layer V
  35. 35. QUESTION 17  James is younger than George. This is an example of what?
  36. 36. ANSWER 17  Relative age
  37. 37. QUESTION 18  What is the difference between an extinction and a mass extinction?
  38. 38. ANSWER 18  An extinction is just one species, and a mass extinction is many species at once.
  39. 39. QUESTION 19  Name a geologic change that would qualify as an example of catastrophism.
  40. 40. ANSWER 19  Volcanic eruption, earthquake, tsunami
  41. 41. QUESTION 20  Name a geologic change that would qualify as uniformitarianism.
  42. 42. ANSWER 20  Mountain building, rock cycle, formation of volcanoes, faults

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