02 13-2013-test review

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02 13-2013-test review

  1. 1.  What absorbs ultraviolet radiation in the atmosphere? Ozone
  2. 2.  What type of energy heats up the Earth’s atmosphere? Infrared radiation
  3. 3.  What is the greenhouse effect? Process by which gases hold heat in the atmosphere
  4. 4.  What type of heat transfer requires two objects to be touching? Conduction
  5. 5.  How is heat transferred to you from a campfire? Radiation
  6. 6.  What type of heat transfer is responsible for heating the troposphere? Convection
  7. 7.  Why does convection happen?a. Warm air is more dense than light airb. Warm and cold air have the same densityc. Cold air is less dense than warm aird. Cold air is more dense than warm air
  8. 8.  Wind is caused by differences ina. Precipitationb. Humidityc. Air pressured. Turbulence
  9. 9.  How are local winds different from global winds? Local winds are caused by unequal heating in a small area
  10. 10.  Why do land breezes form? Because land cools off faster than water
  11. 11.  What type of wind blows from a specific direction over long distances? Global wind
  12. 12.  Earth’s rotation makes winds seem to curve. What is this called? Coriolis effect
  13. 13.  When do clouds form? When water vapor condenses
  14. 14.  What type of clouds produce thunderstorms? Cumulonimbus
  15. 15.  What are high feathery clouds called? Cirrus
  16. 16.  What type of clouds are layered and cover most of the sky? Stratus
  17. 17.  Any form of water that falls from a cloud is called what? Precipitation
  18. 18.  How does energy travel through space to the Earth? As electromagnetic waves/radiation
  19. 19.  Energy from the sun that reaches the Earth is visible light, infrared radiation and _______________. Ultraviolet radiation
  20. 20.  What tool is used to measure how hot or cold the air is? Thermometer
  21. 21.  A sea breeze is a type of what kind of wind? Local wind
  22. 22.  What tool is used to measure air pressure? Barometer
  23. 23.  Which heats up more quickly, land or water? Land
  24. 24.  What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere? Nitrogen
  25. 25.  What percent of the atmosphere is oxygen? 21%
  26. 26.  What is altitude? The measurement of how high something is above sea level
  27. 27.  What human activity causes the most air pollution? Vehicle exhaust
  28. 28.  What is rain or sleet mixed with acids called? Acid rain
  29. 29.  Why does air have pressure? Because it has mass
  30. 30.  How do we measure air pressure? With a barometer
  31. 31.  What does the ozone layer do? Protects us from ultraviolet radiation
  32. 32.  Photochemical smog forms in the presence of what? Sunlight
  33. 33.  What happens to happens to air pressure as altitude increases? It decreases
  34. 34.  In what layer of the atmosphere is the ozone layer or ozonosphere found? Stratosphere
  35. 35.  What are the four main layers of the atmosphere in order from the ground upwards? Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere
  36. 36.  What does the mesosphere do? Causes meteors to burn up before striking Earth
  37. 37.  Where does the aurora borealis form? In the ionosphere
  38. 38.  Where does weather occur? The troposphere

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