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  • Discretionary/Competitive Grants- Only 38% of low-income high school seniors go straight to college as compared to 81% in the highest income quartile.The Council for Opportunity in Education is a nonprofit organization, established in 1981, dedicated to furthering the expansion of college opportunities for low-income, first-generation students and students with disabilities throughout the United States. 
  • EOP – ca citizen, low-income, first-generationmust demonstrate academic potential and motivation
  • assistance in choosing a college; tutoring; personal and financial counseling; career counseling; assistance in applying to college; workplace and college visits; special instruction in reading, writing, study skills, and mathematics; assistance in applying for financial aid; and academic assistance in high school or assistance to reenter high school or college.EX: Trio Day(last Saturday of February), Campus Tours, community services, Information session…
  • Trustworthiness of the social environment - obligation will be repaidSocial relations- Scare resources

Transcript

  • 1. TRIO PROGRAMSJanelle See
  • 2. How much do you know? Who qualifies for Trio Programs? - All 3 students are not in any Trio Programs yetA 6th Grade B 9th Grade C 12th Grade Low-income, Low-income, Learning father holds Wants to Disability BA seek a PhD
  • 3. What is Trio? Federal Fund Programs - U.S. Department of Education - First national college access and retention programs - Outreach and student services programs to address the serious social and cultural barriers to education in America - Professional Association - Council for Opportunity in Education Orginial 3 programs: 1. Upward Bound 2. Talent Search 3. Student Support Services (SSS) 4. Ronald E. McNair Post-baccalaureate Achievement 5. Training Program for Federal TRIO Programs Staff 6. Educational Opportunity Centers 7. Upward Bound Math/Science 8. Veterans Upward BoundCouncil for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education. (2009). CAS professional standards for higher education (7th ed.). Washington, DC: AuthorCouncil for Opportunity in Education. http://www.coenet.us//ecm/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home
  • 4. History of Trio1964 Economic Opportunity Act 1986 Ronald E. McNair Post-baccalaureate Upward Bound Achievement 1968 Student Support Services (SSS) 1967 Educational Opportunity 1998 Gear Up Program (EOP) 1990 Upward Bound Math/Science Program 1976 Training Program for staffs 1972 Educational Opportunity Centers 1965 Higher Education Act Talent Search Veterans Upward Bound ProgramsCouncil for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education. (2009). CAS professional standards for higher education (7th ed.). Washington, DC: AuthorWolanin, T. (1997). The history of TRIO: Three decades of success and counting. NCEOA Journal, 2-4.
  • 5. History of TrioNumber of Student Served  Council for Opportunity in Education. http://www.coenet.us//ecm/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home
  • 6. Voices of Trio Studetns http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2SFGFuMyaow
  • 7. Who do Trio Serves?Individuals from disadvantaged background(s): 6th -12th grade students, Non- students, Adults, Undergraduates *Demographics of TRIO students* Low-income families Now serve > 840,000 students - 2/3 of the students served 37% Whites 35% African-Americans ($33,525 - Family of four) 19% Hispanics Neither parent holds a 4% Native Americans bachelors degree 4% Asian-Americans 1 % are listed as other Physical/learning disabilities Directors and staffs Council for Opportunity in Education. http://www.coenet.us//ecm/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home U.S. Department of Education. http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ope/trio/index.html
  • 8. Directors’ Interviews Jennifer Dyke Upward Bound Director Humboldt State University - Former Upward Bound graduate - M.S. in Education - 11 years at HSU “UB brought me out of my shell, Program motto it flows in my blood” “You can go to college” Dyke, J. Personal Communication. September 30, 2011
  • 9. Directors’ Interviews Marco Ramirez Talent Search Director Santa Ana College -SDSU Community-Based Block Program -13 years at Santa Ana College Program motto: “Role models never tell a student bad information”“I am at the bottom supporting everyone. Trio is a collaborative effort but not telling others what they should do.” Ramirez, M. Personal Communication. October 25, 2011
  • 10. Directors’ Interviews Dr. Natalie Schonfeld Student Support Services Director University of California, Irvine - Ph.D. in Educational Studies -11 years at UCI -Experienced with assessment and research Program motto: “Everyone who comes to us,“We serve as a bridge and meet student’s we help!” needs, so they don’t fall in the crack.” Schonfeld, N. Personal Communication, October 31, 2011
  • 11. Goals & Objectives ↑ Academic Performance ↑ High School Graduation ↑ Access to Educational Opportunities ↑Enrollment & Retention Rate in Higher Education Dyke, J. Personal Communication. September 30, 2011
  • 12. Goals & Objectives: What are the differences? 1. Upward Bound - Serves High School students and PARENTS (Interviews: specific number) - Intensive college preparatory project (High commitment) - Summer program: additional support to students with great academic need 2. Talent Search - Serves 6th-12th grades students and non-students - Students are seen monthly 3. Student Support Services (SSS) - Serves currently enrolled undergraduate students - U.S. Citizen/Legal Resident Status - Students with disabilitiesDyke, J. Personal Communication. September 30, 2011Ramirez, M. Personal Communication. October 25, 2011Schonfeld, N. Personal Communication, October 31, 2011
  • 13. Goals & Objectives: What are the differences?4. Upward Bound Math/Science Program - Strengthen Math/Science skills and encourage a degree in those subjects5. Veterans Upward Bound - Serves military veterans who are preparing to enter post- secondary education6. Ronald E. McNair Post-baccalaureate Achievement - Prepares undergraduate to enter doctoral studies7. Training Program for Federal TRIO Programs Staff - Support training to enhance the skills and expertise of project directors and staff8. Educational Opportunity Centers -Adult participants (displaced workers, unemployed)to enroll in post- secondary education Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education. (2009). CAS professional standards for higher education (7th ed.). Washington, DC: Aut U.S. Department of Education. http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ope/trio/index.h
  • 14. What does Trio do? Student OutreachMotivate/Identify Complete High Academic Support potentials School & pursue a higher Test Preparation education Postsecondary Planning Career/Financial Counseling Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education. (2009). CAS professional standards for higher education (7th ed.). Washington, DC: Author
  • 15. Student Development Theory  Career Development Theory - Vernon G. Zunker (Career Counseling: A Holistic Approach, 2006) Vocational guidance, social learning and cognitive development  Based on the idea of their "self-concept"  Explore their personality, more satisfying and rewarding process  A concept - Adjustment process with adequate support and resources (accessibility) Cultures Hidden curriculum: leadership, conducts, behaviors…  Social capital theory - James Coleman, 1988  Connect sociology and economics  Connection within and between social networks, a social value that lead to a collective resultColeman, J. (1988). Organizations and institutions: Sociological and economic approaches to the analysis of social structure the American journal of sociology, 94, 95-S120.Zunker, V. G. (2006). Career counseling: A holistic approach (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks-Cole.
  • 16. Student Development Theory James Coleman’s Trustworthiness of the Social capital theory social environment Obligations + expectations Obligations held Social relations Social Capital Information Channels Scare Supplies Support/status/rewards Social Norms Constraints peopleColeman, J. (1988). Organizations and institutions: Sociological and economic approaches to the analysis of social structure the American journal of sociology, 94, 95-S120.
  • 17. Funding Sources Council for Opportunity in Education. http://www.coenet.us//ecm/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home
  • 18. Funding Sources 2 full-time, 1 student assistant • $1.25 million/ 5 years • 6 schools • 54 students 2 full-time, 3 part-time staffs • $328,000/6 years • 8 schools • 900 students 2 full-time staffs 1 faculty, 6 peer mentors • Student fees and tuitions - ~$8000/year • 50% are first-generation, 30-40% are low-income • # of students varyDyke, J. Personal Communication. September 30, 2011 Ramirez, M. Personal Communication. October 25, 2011 Schonfeld, N. Personal Communication, October 31, 2011
  • 19. Current Issue  Budget - 90% goes to salary and benefits  Staffing issues - Outreach scheduling/Administrative work  Serving the right population  Grant-writing Process (points) - Demonstrate need (Collect and analyze data) - Objectives - Plan - Applicant and Community support - Quality of Personnel - Evaluation Plan - Budget and Cost effectivenessDyke, J. Personal Communication. September 30, 2011Ramirez, M. Personal Communication. October 25, 2011Schonfeld, N. Personal Communication, October 31, 2011
  • 20. Special Obstacles Humboldt State University Communication Problem - Distance/Isolation -Technology ~ 600 miles Santa Ana College Less Resources The Focus on Seniors UC Irvine Hard to Target Populations Tracking Bias Develop ClarityDyke, J. Personal Communication. September 30, 2011 Ramirez, M. Personal Communication. October 25, 2011 Schonfeld, N. Personal Communication, October 31, 2011
  • 21. HopeAchieve the seem-to-be impossible Pay It Forward
  • 22. - Friendship- Memories- Life-time experiences
  • 23. Ethical Dilemma What about students who do not qualify? How can we identify these groups of population and provide them with resources?