What is badmintonBadminton is an indoor/outdoor game played with racket and shuttle cocks. Thegame as such was started in PUNE (India) later the game was given a boost inEngland with the name of the hall as "Badminton" was used to give the game itsofficial name.From then on Badminton was taken up as a recreational sport rather thancompetative before the game was picked up by the Asian giants like Indonesia,China, Malaysia, Korea, Hongkong etc... and countries like Denmark, Germany,Russia picked up the game later onHistory of badmintonBADMINTON was invented long ago; a form of sport played in ancient Greece andEgypt. Badminton came from a childs game called battledore and shuttlecock, inwhich two players hit a feathered shuttlecock back and forth with tiny rackets.The game was called "POONA" in India during the 18th Century, and British ArmyOfficers stationed there took the Indian version back to England in the 1860s. Thearmy men introduced the game to friends, but the new sport was definitelylaunched there at a party given in 1873 by the Duke of Beaufort at his countryplace, "Badminton" in Gloucestershire. During that time, the game had no name,but it was referred to as "The Game of Badminton," and, thereupon, Badmintonbecame its official name.Until 1887 the sport was played in England under the rules that prevailed in India.They were, from the English viewpoint, somewhat contradictory and confusing.Since a small army of badminton players had been recruited, a group formed itselfinto the Bath Badminton Club, standardized the rules, made the game applicableto English ideas and the basic regulations, drawn up in 1887, still guide the sport.In 1895, the Badminton Association (of England) was formed to take over theauthority of the Bath Badminton Club, and the new group made rules, which nowgovern the game throughout the world.
A shuttlecock (called bird or birdie in the USA) is a high-drag projectile used inthe sport of badminton. It has an open conical shape: the cone is formed fromsixteen or so overlapping feathers, usually goose or duck and from the left wingonly, embedded into a rounded cork base. The cork is covered with thin leather.The shuttlecocks shape makes it extremely aerodynamically stable. Regardless ofinitial orientation, it will turn to fly cork first, and remain in the cork-firstorientation.The name shuttlecock is frequently shortened to shuttle. The "shuttle" part of thename was probably derived from its back-and-forth motion during the game,resembling theshuttle of a loom; the "cock" part of the name was probablyderived from the resemblance of the feathers to those on a cockerel.
Badminton rackets are light, with top quality rackets weighing between about 70and 100 grams (without strings). They are composed of carbon fiber composite(graphite reinforced plastic), which may be augmented by a variety of materials.Carbon fiber has an excellent strength to weight ratio, is stiff, and gives excellentkinetic energy transfer. Before the adoption of carbon fiber composite, racketswere made of light metals such as aluminum. Earlier still, rackets were made ofwood. Cheap rackets are still often made of metal, but wooden rackets are nolonger manufactured for the ordinary market, due to their excessive weight andcost. There is a wide variety of racket designs, although the racket size and shapeare limited by the Laws. Different rackets have playing characteristics that appealto different players. The traditional oval head shape is still available, but anisometric head shape is increasingly common in new rackets.The 10 rules of badminton are as follows:1. A game starts with a coin toss. Whoever wins the toss gets to decide whetherthey would serve or receive first OR what side of the court they want to be on.The side losing the toss shall then exercise the remaining choice.2. At no time during the game should the player touch the net, with his racquet orhis body.3. The shuttlecock should not be carried on or come to rest on the racquet.
4. A player should not reach over the net to hit the shuttlecock.5. A serve must carry cross court (diagonally) to be valid.6. During the serve, a player should not touch any of the lines of the court, untilthe server strikes the shuttlecock. During the serve the shuttlecock should alwaysbe hit from below the waist.7. A point is added to a players score as and when he wins a rally.8. A player wins a rally when he strikes the shuttlecock and it touches the floor ofthe opponents side of the court or when the opponent commits a fault. The mostcommon type of fault is when a player fails to hit the shuttlecock over the net orit lands outside the boundary of the court.9. Each side can strike the shuttlecock only once before it passes over the net.Once hit, a player cant strike the shuttlecock in a new movement or shot.10. The shuttlecock hitting the ceiling, is counted as a fault.Different Badminton Strokes:1. Serve - underhand stoke to start game play2. Overhand Clear - overhand stroke driving the birdie highand deep into the opponents court3. Underhand Clear - underhand stroke driving the birdie highand deep into the opponents court4. Drop - a short shot in which just clears the net, and fallsclose to the net in the opponents court.5. Smash - an overhead stroke in which the birdie travels at a downward angle(spike).