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HINDUISM Often known as  Sanātana Dharma , a Sanskrit phrase meaning "the eternal law"
World Population <ul><li>Hinduism: </li></ul><ul><li>Is the third largest religion in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Has app...
Origins <ul><li>Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in existence. </li></ul><ul><li>It was originated about 4000 years...
Founders and Spiritual Leaders <ul><li>Hinduism: </li></ul><ul><li>Has no single founder. </li></ul><ul><li>It existed fro...
Sacred Texts <ul><li>Vedas - Written in Sanskrit language, the texts form the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and of H...
Major Beliefs <ul><li>Hindus believe in a universal soul or God called Brahman.  </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman takes on many f...
Everyday Practices <ul><li>Worship (puja)-  made offerings as representations of gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Cremation - a rit...
Place & Language of Worship <ul><li>Most Hindus worship (puja) every day at home with an established shrine.  </li></ul><u...
Religious Divisions <ul><li>Hinduism is divided into 4 major divisions:  </li></ul><ul><li>Vaishnavism - devotees of Vishn...
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Hinduism

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Transcript of "Hinduism"

  1. 1. HINDUISM Often known as Sanātana Dharma , a Sanskrit phrase meaning &quot;the eternal law&quot;
  2. 2. World Population <ul><li>Hinduism: </li></ul><ul><li>Is the third largest religion in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Has approximately 837 million followers. </li></ul><ul><li>Followers make up 13% of the world population. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes up more than 80% of India’s population. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Origins <ul><li>Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in existence. </li></ul><ul><li>It was originated about 4000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>The religion of Hinduism originated in Northern India, near the river Indus. </li></ul><ul><li>It originated with the Aryan culture and with the people of the Indus Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism developed from their religious practices, literature and systems for social order. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Founders and Spiritual Leaders <ul><li>Hinduism: </li></ul><ul><li>Has no single founder. </li></ul><ul><li>It existed from time unexplored (prehistoric times), as a religion </li></ul><ul><li>It grew out of the overlapping beliefs of the diverse groups who settled India. </li></ul><ul><li>Developed out of Brahmanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Their spiritual leaders are called Gurus, or, more respectively, Gurujis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sacred Texts <ul><li>Vedas - Written in Sanskrit language, the texts form the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and of Hinduism. </li></ul><ul><li>Upanishads - They consider the nature of the individual soul (Atman) and the universal soul (Brahman.) </li></ul><ul><li>Bhagvad-Gita - ethical ideas of Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Ramayana - A poem that clearly portraits the fact that good will always triumph over evil and Rama and Sita are held up as role models for the perfect husband and wife. </li></ul><ul><li>Mahabharata - An epic poem telling the story of a war between two branches of a family. </li></ul><ul><li>Puranas - A collection of ancient tales about the different incarnations and the lives of saints. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Major Beliefs <ul><li>Hindus believe in a universal soul or God called Brahman. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman takes on many forms that some Hindus worship as gods or goddesses in their own right. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus believe that there is a part of Brahman in everyone and this is called the Atman. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus believe in reincarnation - a belief that the soul is eternal and lives many lifetimes, in one body after another. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus also believe in Samsara which means going through the cycle of repeated births and deaths as part of reincarnation. They believe that this cycles exists due to karma. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Everyday Practices <ul><li>Worship (puja)- made offerings as representations of gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Cremation - a ritual for the funeral where the dead are burned and not buried. </li></ul><ul><li>Study Vedas and other scriptures. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide food for those who are in need. </li></ul><ul><li>Serve guests with love, respect, and reverence. This practice is the basis for the traditional hospitality of Hindu households. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Place & Language of Worship <ul><li>Most Hindus worship (puja) every day at home with an established shrine. </li></ul><ul><li>A shrine can be anything from a room, a small altar or simply pictures or statues. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hindu building for a community worship is called Mandir (Hindu Temple). </li></ul><ul><li>Language of worship differs as India consists of most states who follow Hinduism, but also has their own, specific language. </li></ul><ul><li>Although, the official language of India is Hindi. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Religious Divisions <ul><li>Hinduism is divided into 4 major divisions: </li></ul><ul><li>Vaishnavism - devotees of Vishnu. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaivism - devotees of Shiva. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaktism - worships Shakti, the Divine Mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Smartism - accept and worship all major forms of God, (Ganesha, Siva, Sakti, Vishnu, Surya and Skanda). </li></ul><ul><li>One may consider themselves a Shakta (a devotee of Shakti), a Shaiva (a devotee of Shiva), and a Vaishnava (a devotee of Vishnu) all at the same time Many gods of Hinduism. </li></ul>
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