Watching the news before going to sleep can cause sleep disturbance or insomnia. The late-news is often filled with depressing events. As a result, an individual is put into a kind of stage of alert. Images, sounds, or phrases may remain in a person’s immediate consciousness, and therefore may plague the person as he or she tries to settle down and relax. Consequently, overstimulation and restlessness follow. Thus, a person becomes centred on worry and stress. Accordingly, the person becomes aroused rather than calmed into a state of sleep, so late-night news watching is not recommended.
Example of a 0-F Paragraph
Sports and fitness trends are related to what John Kelly, a University of Illinois sociologist, calls “the Olympic effect.” Since the Olympic Games get such an abundance of media coverage and promotion, adult viewers tend to participate more just before, during, and immediately after the Olympics. The Olympics occur every four years. After the Olympic flurry is over, participation in sports and fitness activities tends to spiral downward again, according to Dr. Kelly. However, casino gambling have increased since 2004.
7. Paragraph Mechanics
Choose one of your major points and make a topic sentence for it that relates back to the thesis.
As bullets, put three quotation citations underneath that topic sentence
8. Quote Integration: Step 1
Frame all quotes with your own writing
Never drop a quotation as its own sentence
Spend as much time or more explaining each quote as the quote is long
Rosencrantz is no longer Hamlet’s friend by the end of the play, as Rosencrantz keeps asking where Polonius’ body is buried. “What have you done, my lord, with the dead body?” Also “Tell us where ‘tis, that we may take it thence And bear it to the chapel.”
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are no longer Hamlet’s friends by the end of the play, as Rosencrantz keeps asking where Polonius’ body is buried. “What have you done, my lord, with the dead body?” Also “Tell us where ‘tis, that we may take it thence And bear it to the chapel.” Rosencrantz demonstrates his disloyalty to Hamlet when he keeps asking Hamlet to tell him “what [he has] done . . . with the dead body,” not to help Hamlet but so that Rosencrantz can “take it thence and bear it to the chapel”—not likely a consideration of Hamlet’s. Which one is easier to read?
8. Quotation Integration: Step 2
Change tense or pronouns from original that do not mesh with your own framing text
Claudius explains that “I have sent to seek him, and to find the body” (4.3.1).
Claudius explains that he has “sent to seek [Hamlet], and to find the body” of Polonius (4.3.1).
8. Quotation Integration: Step 2
Use present tense for your own framing words
The closet scene involves both Gertrude and Hamlet in a heated debate.
Hamlet was mad because his mother married too quickly.
The scene set up the next act so the characters could enter from the side.
The article begins with a quote from Lisa McFarren who states that “I’ve known many men to have a garage sale.”
The author explicitly states that “my field research indicates there is indeed a division of labour.”
8. Quote Integration: Step 3
Quote too long?
Summarize (20% of original)
Paraphrase (same length as original)
Use ellipses (the dot-dot-dot)
8. Quotation Integration: Step 4
Punctuation Must Be Correct
Only put a comma before the quote if it could be replaced with the word “that”
Commas and periods belong inside quotation marks if no bracketed citation