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Part 1: How to Nail Your Essay November 12, 2009
Today <ul><li>Essay Workshop: Part 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Jeopardy Quotation Selection </li></ul>
1: Read Comments from Earlier
1: Read Comments from Earlier  <ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Sent...
2.  Talk to Your Instructor
3. Start Early <ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Outline </li></ul>...
4. Brainstorming <ul><li>Start with every example that strikes your topic </li></ul><ul><li>List them all </li></ul><ul><l...
4. Brainstorming/Outlining Is Gertrude a good mother? Topic <ul><li>Wants him to get out of his funk (1.2.68) </li></ul><u...
4. Brainstorming/Outlining Is Gertrude a good mother? Topic <ul><li>Wants him to get out of his funk (1.2.68) </li></ul><u...
5. Outline
6. Thesis <ul><li>Concession-refutation </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Although experts say that eating burnt food can cause c...
6. Thesis (cont’d) <ul><li>Has to be an argument </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot just be a restatement or summary of plot </li></...
6. Thesis: Example
7. Paragraph Mechanics <ul><ul><li>Is 6-12 sentences long—easy reading. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begins with a topic sen...
7. The Perfect Paragraph Topic Sentence Point #3 Point #2 Point #1 Concluding Sentence to Summarize and Transition
7. 4-F Test <ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine Points </...
8. Quote Integration <ul><li>Frame all quotes with your own writing </li></ul><ul><li>Spend as much time or more explainin...
8. Quote Integration <ul><li>Use present tense when discussing any type of text or author. </li></ul><ul><li>Herrmann disp...
8. Tense <ul><li>The article was about the gender differences in garage sale sellers and buyers. </li></ul><ul><li>The aut...
8. Number <ul><li>The article begins with a quote from Lisa McFarren who states that “I’ve known many men to have a garage...
8. Quote Integration <ul><li>Spend as much space discussing the direct quotation as is the length of the quote. </li></ul>...
8. Block Quotations <ul><li>Remember: spend the same space on the quote as the discussion </li></ul><ul><li>No quotations ...
8. Other Direct Quotation Rules <ul><li>Never drop a quote without discussion of it </li></ul><ul><li>Too much altering (w...
9. Introduction <ul><li>Gripping first sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow thesis </li></ul><ul...
10. Conclusion <ul><li>Restate topic sentences (using new wording) </li></ul><ul><li>Remind the reader of how great your p...
 
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Transcript of "160 09 Nov12"

  1. 1. Part 1: How to Nail Your Essay November 12, 2009
  2. 2. Today <ul><li>Essay Workshop: Part 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Jeopardy Quotation Selection </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1: Read Comments from Earlier
  4. 4. 1: Read Comments from Earlier <ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence-level </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Talk to Your Instructor
  6. 6. 3. Start Early <ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Outline </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Draft </li></ul><ul><li>Revision </li></ul><ul><li>Final </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4. Brainstorming <ul><li>Start with every example that strikes your topic </li></ul><ul><li>List them all </li></ul><ul><li>Start grouping in logical categories </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4. Brainstorming/Outlining Is Gertrude a good mother? Topic <ul><li>Wants him to get out of his funk (1.2.68) </li></ul><ul><li>Unaware of Hamlet’s digs (1.2.75) </li></ul><ul><li>Wants him to stay at Elsinore (1.2.119) </li></ul><ul><li>More interested in R&G as Hamlet’s friends, not using him (2.2.19) </li></ul><ul><li>Diminishes “ov’r hasty marriage 2.2.56) </li></ul><ul><li>Wants to cut to the chase (2.2.97) </li></ul><ul><li>Want the extant reading (2.2.114) </li></ul><ul><li>Aware that he walks (2.2.161) </li></ul><ul><li>Wants the cause to be Ophelia (3.1.39) </li></ul><ul><li>Unaware of mirror in the play (3.2.210) </li></ul><ul><li>Polonius recognizes Gertrude as a buffer (3.4.1) </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrude unaware of Hamlet’s accusations (3.4.38) </li></ul><ul><li>Oblivious (3.4.50) </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding through her son (3.4.69) </li></ul><ul><li>Bothered by accusations (3.4.84; 181) </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for excuses (3.4.96; 127; 4.1.6)) </li></ul><ul><li>Looks for advice (3.4.164) </li></ul><ul><li>Runs to Claudius (4.4) </li></ul><ul><li>Rats out Hamlet in favour of Claudius (4.5.124) </li></ul><ul><li>Helpful to other children: wants to listen to Ophelia to relieve her madness </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers news to Laertes that Ophelia is dead (4.7.134) </li></ul><ul><li>In the sword fight, Gertrude is on Hamlet’s side (5.2.230) </li></ul>
  9. 9. 4. Brainstorming/Outlining Is Gertrude a good mother? Topic <ul><li>Wants him to get out of his funk (1.2.68) </li></ul><ul><li>Unaware of Hamlet’s digs (1.2.75) </li></ul><ul><li>Wants him to stay at Elsinore (1.2.119) </li></ul><ul><li>More interested in R&G as Hamlet’s friends, not using him (2.2.19) </li></ul><ul><li>Diminishes “ov’r hasty marriage 2.2.56) </li></ul><ul><li>Wants to cut to the chase (2.2.97) </li></ul><ul><li>Want the extant reading (2.2.114) </li></ul><ul><li>Aware that he walks (2.2.161) </li></ul><ul><li>Wants the cause to be Ophelia (3.1.39) </li></ul><ul><li>Unaware of mirror in the play (3.2.210) </li></ul><ul><li>Polonius recognizes Gertrude as a buffer (3.4.1) </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrude unaware of Hamlet’s accusations (3.4.38) </li></ul><ul><li>Oblivious (3.4.50) </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding through her son (3.4.69) </li></ul><ul><li>Bothered by accusations (3.4.84; 181) </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for excuses (3.4.96; 127; 4.1.6)) </li></ul><ul><li>Looks for advice (3.4.164) </li></ul><ul><li>Runs to Claudius (4.4) </li></ul><ul><li>Rats out Hamlet in favour of Claudius (4.5.124) </li></ul><ul><li>Helpful to other children: wants to listen to Ophelia to relieve her madness </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers news to Laertes that Ophelia is dead (4.7.134) </li></ul><ul><li>In the sword fight, Gertrude is on Hamlet’s side (5.2.230) </li></ul>
  10. 10. 5. Outline
  11. 11. 6. Thesis <ul><li>Concession-refutation </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Although experts say that eating burnt food can cause cancer, a child who refuses to eat a burnt marshmallow at summer camp could face more immediate consequences of social alienation. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: While Harlen may appear as a liar, he actually distinguishes between harmful lies and untruths that help people, justifying his transgressions of sincerity. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 6. Thesis (cont’d) <ul><li>Has to be an argument </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot just be a restatement or summary of plot </li></ul><ul><li>Can begin as a “working thesis” that changes as you write the paper </li></ul><ul><li>Comes as the last sentence of the first paragraph (the introduction) </li></ul><ul><li>Can include a path (the main major points you will be making) </li></ul>
  13. 13. 6. Thesis: Example
  14. 14. 7. Paragraph Mechanics <ul><ul><li>Is 6-12 sentences long—easy reading. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begins with a topic sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is indented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expresses ONE idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes a transition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get away from the strictly five paragraphs! </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 7. The Perfect Paragraph Topic Sentence Point #3 Point #2 Point #1 Concluding Sentence to Summarize and Transition
  16. 16. 7. 4-F Test <ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine Points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Details </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transitions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concluding Sentence </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. 8. Quote Integration <ul><li>Frame all quotes with your own writing </li></ul><ul><li>Spend as much time or more explaining each quote as the quote is long </li></ul><ul><li>Change tense or pronouns from original that do not mesh with your own framing text </li></ul><ul><li>Only put a comma before the quote if it could be replaced with the word “that” </li></ul><ul><li>Commas and periods belong inside quotation marks </li></ul><ul><li>Page number comes after the quote </li></ul>
  18. 18. 8. Quote Integration <ul><li>Use present tense when discussing any type of text or author. </li></ul><ul><li>Herrmann displays the statistics from her ethnographic survey she conducted in 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>She highlights a study that concludes “working women, even managers and professionals, perform 79% of the housework.” </li></ul>
  19. 19. 8. Tense <ul><li>The article was about the gender differences in garage sale sellers and buyers. </li></ul><ul><li>The author discussed how female buyers differ from male buyers. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 8. Number <ul><li>The article begins with a quote from Lisa McFarren who states that “I’ve known many men to have a garage sale.” </li></ul><ul><li>The author explicitly states that “my field research indicates there is indeed a division of labour.” </li></ul>
  21. 21. 8. Quote Integration <ul><li>Spend as much space discussing the direct quotation as is the length of the quote. </li></ul><ul><li>Quote too long? </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase, or </li></ul><ul><li>Use ellipses. </li></ul>
  22. 22. 8. Block Quotations <ul><li>Remember: spend the same space on the quote as the discussion </li></ul><ul><li>No quotations around a block quote </li></ul><ul><li>Use a block quote if format of original is important (eg poetry and stanza breaks) </li></ul><ul><li>Use a block quote if quoting more than three lines in your own writing </li></ul>
  23. 23. 8. Other Direct Quotation Rules <ul><li>Never drop a quote without discussion of it </li></ul><ul><li>Too much altering (with brackets and ellipses)? Summarize or paraphrase </li></ul><ul><li>Use “sic” to denote any errors in the original quote </li></ul>
  24. 24. 9. Introduction <ul><li>Gripping first sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Path </li></ul><ul><li>No low-content spots </li></ul><ul><li>No diving into details yet </li></ul><ul><li>Write this last </li></ul>
  25. 25. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>Restate topic sentences (using new wording) </li></ul><ul><li>Remind the reader of how great your paper was </li></ul><ul><li>Write this second to last </li></ul>
  26. 27. Taking Stock
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