Engl 150 27 2010 Jane Griffith

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  • 1. Informative Writing Week 5, Part 2
  • 2. Today 1. Informative Writing: Specifics 2. Informative Writing Exercise 3. Quiz
  • 3. Word-of-the-day  Taciturn: silent and reserved by nature. His taciturn manner was disarming. Everyone thought Shingo was taciturn.
  • 4. Grammar-rama  They practised twice; therefore, the presentation went very smoothly.  They practised twice; therefore, the presentation went very smoothly.  They practised twice, therefore, the presentation went very smoothly.  They practised twice therefore; the presentation went very smoothly.
  • 5. Grammar-rama  The novel suggests a “way out” for the narrator, however, she never ends up leaving.  The novel suggests a “way out” for the narrator, however, she never ends up leaving.  The novel suggests a “way out” for the narrator; however, she never ends up leaving.  The novel suggests a “way out” for the narrator, however; she never ends up leaving.
  • 6. Grammar-rama Coordinating Conjunctions  FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so  Combines two independent clauses
  • 7. Grammar-rama Conjunctive Adverbs  however, therefore, meanwhile, hence, moreover  These don’t change anything! Subordinating Conjunctions  after, although, as, because, before, even though, if, once, rather, than, since, that, though, unless, while  Turns an otherwise independent clause into a dependent
  • 8. Grammar-rama  She is standing at the bus, hence, she wants a ride. Coordinating Conjunction  She is standing at the bus, so she wants a ride. Conjunctive Adverb  She is standing at the bus; hence, she wants a ride. Subordinating Conjunction  She is standing at the bus because she wants a ride.
  • 9. Grammar-rama The CFO works in Victoria however she often attends conferences in Ottawa. The CFO works in Victoria, but on occasion, however, she attends conferences in Ottawa.
  • 10. Grammar-rama  The TV program was quite unsettling, therefore I couldn’t sleep.  Coordinating Conjunction  Conjunctive Adverb  Subordinating Conjunction
  • 11. Grammar-rama  The TV program was quite unsettling, therefore I couldn’t sleep.  Coordinating Conjunction The TV program was quite unsettling, so I couldn’t sleep.  Conjunctive Adverb The TV program was quite unsettling; therefore, I couldn’t sleep.  Subordinating Conjunction The TV program was quite unsettling, which is why I couldn’t sleep.
  • 12. Grammar-rama  Quotations:  Single or double?  When it meets other punctuation? Apostrophes:  Possessive: add one apostrophe and one “s”  Possessive AND plural: add an apostrophe after the plural “s” and THAT’S IT.
  • 13. Types of Expository Writing  Process  Essentials  Causes  Effects  Comparison/Contrast  Classification-Division
  • 14. Topic Choosing: Problems  How to play piano  Safe driving  Basics of gardening  What makes a good marriage
  • 15. Topic Choosing: Better  Why truck drivers are the safest  Health hazards of gardening  How to handle a family argument over money  Six questions to ask your fiance before walking down the aisle
  • 16. Process  Process Description  How something works  No expectation the reader is following along  Example: The steps leading to WWII  Directional Process  Step-by-step instructions  Expectation the reader is following along  Example: recipe
  • 17. Volunteer
  • 18. Process  Begins with the intended goal  Gives all necessary steps  Includes a measurement for results  Moves chronologically
  • 19. Essentials  Includes essential characteristics of a topic  Examples:  Essentialsof a good R&B song  Unusual qualities of Sofia Coppola’s movies  Typical problems with overtraining for a marathon  Making it gig
  • 20. Essentials  Problems children have when parents divorce  loss of father/mother figure  dealing with parental sorrow/grief  feelings of guilt about causing the divorce  loss of home if property is sold  loss of friends if family moves
  • 21. Causes  Identifies how an idea became the way it did  Needs to be reasonable causes  Examples:  What motivates a person to skydive?  What caused the needle exchange in Victoria to close?  What causes the Dr Peter Centre in Vancouver to remain open?
  • 22. Causes: An Example The Computer Revolution Good:  improves business efficiency  reduces human errors  reduces storage space  speeds up communication  saves money
  • 23. Causes: An Example Bad:  Bends the minds of children away from religion  Helps the government gain secret control of people's finances
  • 24. Effects  Discusses the consequences of an idea  Avoids arguing and suggests reasonable causes and effects without bias  Examples:  Effects of head injury on sibling relationships  Effects on a budget of a destination wedding  Psychological effects of rat bites  When children of divorce marry
  • 25. Comparison-Contrast  Usually part of the same category  Compare: similarities OR differences  Contrast: just differences  Demonstrates why one is preferred over the other  Demonstrates how one is actually related to the other  Can be subject-by-subject or point-by-point
  • 26. Comparison-Contrast Examples:  Tap dancing and pointe: what is harder on the toes  Female school bullying today and in the 1980s  Letterman and Jon Gosselin: differences in media confessions  Teaching manners to kids in the US and in Italy
  • 27. Comparison-Contrast  Lansdowne and Interurban  Food  Location  Gym facilities
  • 28. Block  Lansdowne and Interurban 3. Introduction 4. Lansdowne’s food, location, and gym facilities 5. Interurban’s food, location, and gym facilities 6. Conclusion
  • 29. Point-by-Point  Lansdowne and Interurban 3. Introduction 4. Lansdowne/Interurban food, 5. Lansdowne/Interurban location, 6. Lansdowne/Interurban gym facilities 7. Conclusion
  • 30. Classification-Division  Breaks a subject into categories  Finds sensible, inventive categories that show underlying qualities that might not be obvious
  • 31. Classification-Division Bad:  Daydreams and nightmares Good:  Chase dreams  Falling dreams  Replay-of-the-day dreams Go further with Chase!
  • 32. Classification-Division Education Bad: Elementary, High School, College Bad: Good, bad, and average high schools
  • 33. Classification-Division  Four kinds of excuses to give professors  Types of late-night diners at Denny’s
  • 34. Classification-Division  Keep categories on the same level  Every food server knows the four classes of the obnoxious customer: the commander, the mumbler, the sweet talker, and the vanisher.  Every food server knows the three obnoxious customer speaking styles and, of course, knows the worst of all customers—the one with no speaking style when it comes to paying the bill.  Danger of blot clots: veins, brain, heart, and lungs.
  • 35. Example  “Going for a ride in the space shuttle”  “Effects”  Narrow thesis: A partner going into space could negatively affect a marriage.  Major points:  Publicity surrounding the launch could turn the family into celebrities (stalkers/dirty laundry).  The uncertainty of the partner’s safety: anxiety/stress  When the partner returns, his/her body image could drastically change (problem for relationship built on looks)
  • 36. Blogged Work 1. Take your personal preference 2. Take your style of informative writing 3. Choose a narrow thesis 4. Choose three major points 5. Fill in the bubble sheet 6. Elect someone to put on the blog 1. Your original card and style 2. Your thesis 3. Bulleted three major points
  • 37. Insider’s Tips 1. Look at previous feedback 2. Come and talk to me! 3. No research
  • 38. Next Class  Peer edit of informative essay due  Come with paper COMPLETE  See marking sheet on blog
  • 39. Quiz