c
www.slideshare.net/janeatcc
janepark@creativecommons.org
Who we are
How we happened
What we do
(particularly in education)
c
What (and who) is

 c?
Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered
in San Francisco with ~30 employees around
the world.
Creative Commons International
Creative Commons International




            (Weʼre international.)
Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered
in San Francisco with 30 employees around
the world.

     • Weʼre a nonprofit.
Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered
in San Francisco with 30 employees around
the world.

     • Weʼre a nonprofit.
   ...
Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered
in San Francisco with 30 employees around
the world.

     • Weʼre a nonprofit.
   ...
Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered
in San Francisco with 30 employees around
the world.

     • Weʼre a nonprofit.
   ...
Who we are
How (or why) we happened
C
C
Before 1976
C
Before 1976
   • Default was free
C
Before 1976
   • Default was free
   • U.S. Register of Copyrights
C
Before 1976
   • Default was free
   • U.S. Register of Copyrights
   • Any work fixed in a tangible
   medium
C
C
Copyright
C
Copyright
  • Law designed to govern
  creative and expressive works
C
Copyright
  • Law designed to govern
  creative and expressive works
  • Encourage creation and
  promote dissemination
C
C
Before the Internet
C
Before the Internet
      • Creation and dissemination
      were via the printing press or
      film reels
C
Before the Internet
      • Creation and dissemination
      were via the printing press or
      film reels
      • When...
C
C
1976 Copyright Act
C
1976 Copyright Act
      • Automatic Copyright
C
1976 Copyright Act
      • Automatic Copyright
      • Life plus 50 years
cba      by hyku
http://www.flickr.com/photos/hyku/2166224145/
C
C
1998 CTEA Act
C
 1998 CTEA Act
(“Sonny Bono” or “Mickey Mouse” Act)
C
 1998 CTEA Act
(“Sonny Bono” or “Mickey Mouse” Act)
            • Life plus 70 years
C
 1998 CTEA Act
(“Sonny Bono” or “Mickey Mouse” Act)
            • Life plus 70 years
            • 120 years for corpora...
cba      by ivva
http://www.flickr.com/photos/ivva/336209777/
cba      by ivva
http://www.flickr.com/photos/ivva/336209777/
It is illegal to




        copy, distribute, build upon, or remix

                     copyrighted works.
or
Break the law
         or
Donʼt use the Internet
C
C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions &
  Limitations (CEL)
C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions &
  Limitations (CEL)
      • No blanket protection for one kind of
      use (ie. ed...
C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions &
  Limitations (CEL)
      • No blanket protection for one kind of
      use (ie. ed...
C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions &
  Limitations (CEL)
      • No blanket protection for one kind of
      use (ie. ed...
C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions &
  Limitations (CEL)
      • No blanket protection for one kind of
      use (ie. ed...
C



    Creative Commons International




    U.S.-centric
C Fair use in the United States



 Creative Commons International




 U.S.-centric
C Fair use in the United States
      1976 Copyright Act gives 6 examples
      of types of uses that are likely to be
   ...
C Fair use in the United States
      1976 Copyright Act gives 6 examples
      of types of uses that are likely to be
   ...
A lot of people want to share,
especially
globally.




                                                              =
In...
A lot of people want to share,
especially
globally.




                                                              =
In...
cb   by Jon Phillips
C
2003 - Eldred v. Ashcroft
C
2003 - Eldred v. Ashcroft
     • Challenged Constitutionality of
     the 1998 Copyright Extension Act
C
2003 - Eldred v. Ashcroft
     • Challenged Constitutionality of
     the 1998 Copyright Extension Act
     • constantly...
“To promote the Progress of Science
and useful Arts, by securing for limited
  Times to Authors and Inventors the
   exclu...
7-2
cb   by Jon Phillips
c
c
offers an alternative.
For the
   Global
Networked
      Age

             http://flickr.com/photos/wwworks/440672445/
                           ...
Who we are
How we happened
What we do
(particularly in education)
CC Licenses Build upon
         Traditional Copyright
✓ CC works within the existing system by
 allowing movement from “Al...
CC Licenses Build upon
         Traditional Copyright
✓ CC works within the existing system by
 allowing movement from “Al...
CC Licenses Build upon
         Traditional Copyright
✓ CC works within the existing system by
 allowing movement from “Al...
CC Licenses Build upon
          Traditional Copyright
✓ CC works within the existing system by
 allowing movement from “A...
Basic License Building Blocks
CC licenses are comprised of combinations of 4
basic conditions:
                          A...
Basic License Building Blocks
CC licenses are comprised of combinations of 4
basic conditions:
                          A...
CC licenses are expressed in three
different ways:
human-readable   lawyer-readable legal      machine-readable
 commons d...
What CC Licenses Do Not Touch

      Fair Use/Fair Dealing
      No Warranties
      Rights of Publicity
      Trademark
 ...
What CC Licenses Do Not Touch

      Fair Use/Fair Dealing
      No Warranties
      Rights of Publicity
      Trademark
 ...
International Jurisdictions
International Jurisdictions
     (71 Jurisdictions)
Licensed Objects via G/Y!
Over 100 million photos on
Flickr alone
CC provides the legal and technical
infrastructure for open culture. Our tools
and licenses facilitate the culture of shar...
The Sharing Landscape in Culture before CC

          Permission Culture
          Copyright Exceptions and
         Limit...
The Sharing Landscape in Culture after CC

           Permission Culture
           Pre-cleared permissions via CC
       ...
c
c
in education.
The Sharing Landscape in Education

          Permission Culture
          Copyright Exceptions and
         Limitations, ...
The Sharing Landscape in Education w/ CC

          Permission Culture
          Pre-cleared permissions via CC
          ...
learn.creativecommons.org
Our mission is to minimize barriers to the
creation, sharing, and reuse of
educational materials—legal barriers,
technical...
Why?
The world of education is the world of culture and creativity.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/venky7/2157716223/




                                                 Ribna. Venkatesh Harih...
Digital Media
Most educational
                     Access for free
resources

Open Educational     Access, Copy,
Resource...
What CC facilitates is that interaction and exchange
that results in more than “free to take.”

People start sharing diffe...
p2pu.org
P2PU is teaching and learning by peers for
peers, and it is organized learning that is taking
place outside of an...
CC canʼt take credit for originating
these projects, but it can take credit
for enabling the open processes,
especially at...
learn.creativecommons.org/productions
(opened.creativecommons.org)
(opened.creativecommons.org)
discovered.creativecommons.org
Other projects
CC has enabled
Attribute to             c with a link to
                      creativecommons.org

Creative Commons, ccLearn, the double...
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia
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Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia

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In this seminar, I gave a basic overview of CC: who it is, how/why it happened, and what CC does, particularly in the education field. I also talked about changing the social landscape of education, and how CC will play a role in the future of (open) education.

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  • So – looking at how the CC licences are being used
    According to the latest statistics from the CC website, there are currently about 140million webpages that use a CC licence
    As you can see, almost all of them contain the BY element – that’s because it was made compulsory for all the licences except the public domain licences after the first year, because pretty much everybody was using it anyway
    The majority also, unsurprisingly, choose the non-commercial element
    Interestingly, next most popular is ShareAlike, not noderivatives – this shows that there is still a strong focus on fostering creativity among CC community, and that, rather than trying to lock their material up, people are happy for it to be remixed, as long as the new work is also sharedEven more interesting is how these statistics are changing over time
    Even more interestingly – if you look at how the licences is being used over time, people are gradually moving towards more liberal licences with less restrictions on them
    This movement seems to indicate that as people become more familiar with the licences, they are more comfortable allowing greater use
    This is supported by anecdotal evidence from CC users who, after initially publishing their material under restrictive licences that don’t allow derivatives, often ‘re-release’ their material to allow new works
  • In order to facilitate that process, the tools and resources must also be living.
  • Of course this slide deck is CC licensed.
  • Seminar on CC and the Future of Education at Ed Lab, Columbia

    1. 1. c www.slideshare.net/janeatcc janepark@creativecommons.org
    2. 2. Who we are How we happened What we do (particularly in education)
    3. 3. c
    4. 4. What (and who) is c?
    5. 5. Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered in San Francisco with ~30 employees around the world.
    6. 6. Creative Commons International
    7. 7. Creative Commons International (Weʼre international.)
    8. 8. Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered in San Francisco with 30 employees around the world. • Weʼre a nonprofit.
    9. 9. Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered in San Francisco with 30 employees around the world. • Weʼre a nonprofit. • We do not offer legal services.
    10. 10. Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered in San Francisco with 30 employees around the world. • Weʼre a nonprofit. • We do not offer legal services. We offer free legal and technology tools that allow creators to publish their works on more flexible terms than standard copyright.
    11. 11. Weʼre a 501c3 corporation headquartered in San Francisco with 30 employees around the world. • Weʼre a nonprofit. • We do not offer legal services. We offer free legal and technology tools that allow creators to publish their works on more flexible terms than standard copyright. Terms that allow public sharing, reuse, and remix.
    12. 12. Who we are
    13. 13. How (or why) we happened
    14. 14. C
    15. 15. C Before 1976
    16. 16. C Before 1976 • Default was free
    17. 17. C Before 1976 • Default was free • U.S. Register of Copyrights
    18. 18. C Before 1976 • Default was free • U.S. Register of Copyrights • Any work fixed in a tangible medium
    19. 19. C
    20. 20. C Copyright
    21. 21. C Copyright • Law designed to govern creative and expressive works
    22. 22. C Copyright • Law designed to govern creative and expressive works • Encourage creation and promote dissemination
    23. 23. C
    24. 24. C Before the Internet
    25. 25. C Before the Internet • Creation and dissemination were via the printing press or film reels
    26. 26. C Before the Internet • Creation and dissemination were via the printing press or film reels • When it wasnʼt so easy to make copies
    27. 27. C
    28. 28. C 1976 Copyright Act
    29. 29. C 1976 Copyright Act • Automatic Copyright
    30. 30. C 1976 Copyright Act • Automatic Copyright • Life plus 50 years
    31. 31. cba by hyku http://www.flickr.com/photos/hyku/2166224145/
    32. 32. C
    33. 33. C 1998 CTEA Act
    34. 34. C 1998 CTEA Act (“Sonny Bono” or “Mickey Mouse” Act)
    35. 35. C 1998 CTEA Act (“Sonny Bono” or “Mickey Mouse” Act) • Life plus 70 years
    36. 36. C 1998 CTEA Act (“Sonny Bono” or “Mickey Mouse” Act) • Life plus 70 years • 120 years for corporate works
    37. 37. cba by ivva http://www.flickr.com/photos/ivva/336209777/
    38. 38. cba by ivva http://www.flickr.com/photos/ivva/336209777/
    39. 39. It is illegal to copy, distribute, build upon, or remix copyrighted works.
    40. 40. or
    41. 41. Break the law or Donʼt use the Internet
    42. 42. C
    43. 43. C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions & Limitations (CEL)
    44. 44. C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions & Limitations (CEL) • No blanket protection for one kind of use (ie. educational uses)
    45. 45. C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions & Limitations (CEL) • No blanket protection for one kind of use (ie. educational uses) • Rather relies on a host of factors
    46. 46. C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions & Limitations (CEL) • No blanket protection for one kind of use (ie. educational uses) • Rather relies on a host of factors • Can only be determined on a case by case basis, usually in a court of law
    47. 47. C Fair use, or Copyrights Exceptions & Limitations (CEL) • No blanket protection for one kind of use (ie. educational uses) • Rather relies on a host of factors • Can only be determined on a case by case basis, usually in a court of law • Varies drastically by jurisdiction (country to country)
    48. 48. C Creative Commons International U.S.-centric
    49. 49. C Fair use in the United States Creative Commons International U.S.-centric
    50. 50. C Fair use in the United States 1976 Copyright Act gives 6 examples of types of uses that are likely to be permissible: Creative Commons International U.S.-centric
    51. 51. C Fair use in the United States 1976 Copyright Act gives 6 examples of types of uses that are likely to be permissible: Creative Commons International • criticism, • comment, • news reporting, • teaching, • scholarship, U.S.-centric • research
    52. 52. A lot of people want to share, especially globally. = Instructors ryancr http://flickr.com/photos/ryanr/142455033/ and students already participate in a sharing culture.
    53. 53. A lot of people want to share, especially globally. = Instructors ryancr http://flickr.com/photos/ryanr/142455033/ and students already participate in a sharing culture.
    54. 54. cb by Jon Phillips
    55. 55. C 2003 - Eldred v. Ashcroft
    56. 56. C 2003 - Eldred v. Ashcroft • Challenged Constitutionality of the 1998 Copyright Extension Act
    57. 57. C 2003 - Eldred v. Ashcroft • Challenged Constitutionality of the 1998 Copyright Extension Act • constantly expanding the term undermines the original intent of copyright
    58. 58. “To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.”
    59. 59. 7-2
    60. 60. cb by Jon Phillips
    61. 61. c
    62. 62. c offers an alternative.
    63. 63. For the Global Networked Age http://flickr.com/photos/wwworks/440672445/ b Woodley Wonderworks e
    64. 64. Who we are How we happened
    65. 65. What we do (particularly in education)
    66. 66. CC Licenses Build upon Traditional Copyright ✓ CC works within the existing system by allowing movement from “All Rights Reserved” to “Some Rights Reserved”
    67. 67. CC Licenses Build upon Traditional Copyright ✓ CC works within the existing system by allowing movement from “All Rights Reserved” to “Some Rights Reserved”
    68. 68. CC Licenses Build upon Traditional Copyright ✓ CC works within the existing system by allowing movement from “All Rights Reserved” to “Some Rights Reserved” ✓ CC improves copyright by giving creators a choice about which freedoms to grant and which rights to keep
    69. 69. CC Licenses Build upon Traditional Copyright ✓ CC works within the existing system by allowing movement from “All Rights Reserved” to “Some Rights Reserved” ✓ CC improves copyright by giving creators a choice about which freedoms to grant and which rights to keep ✓ CC minimizes transaction costs by granting the public certain permissions beforehand
    70. 70. Basic License Building Blocks CC licenses are comprised of combinations of 4 basic conditions: Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Share Alike
    71. 71. Basic License Building Blocks CC licenses are comprised of combinations of 4 basic conditions: Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Share Alike
    72. 72. CC licenses are expressed in three different ways: human-readable lawyer-readable legal machine-readable commons deed code metadata <a rel="license" href="http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 3.0/us/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/ l/by/3.0/us/88x31.png" /></a><br / >This work is licensed under a <a rel="license" href="http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 3.0/us/">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License</a>.
    73. 73. What CC Licenses Do Not Touch Fair Use/Fair Dealing No Warranties Rights of Publicity Trademark Moral Rights Not recommended for software!
    74. 74. What CC Licenses Do Not Touch Fair Use/Fair Dealing No Warranties Rights of Publicity Trademark Moral Rights Not recommended for software!
    75. 75. International Jurisdictions
    76. 76. International Jurisdictions (71 Jurisdictions)
    77. 77. Licensed Objects via G/Y!
    78. 78. Over 100 million photos on Flickr alone
    79. 79. CC provides the legal and technical infrastructure for open culture. Our tools and licenses facilitate the culture of sharing that already exists in the arts, science, and education.
    80. 80. The Sharing Landscape in Culture before CC Permission Culture Copyright Exceptions and Limitations, ie. Fair use Underground or “Guerrilla” sharing
    81. 81. The Sharing Landscape in Culture after CC Permission Culture Pre-cleared permissions via CC Copyright Exceptions and Limitations, ie. Fair use Visible sharing Remix culture: a community of creators not only sharing, but improving, adapting, remixing, innovating
    82. 82. c
    83. 83. c in education.
    84. 84. The Sharing Landscape in Education Permission Culture Copyright Exceptions and Limitations, ie. Fair use Underground or “Guerrilla” sharing
    85. 85. The Sharing Landscape in Education w/ CC Permission Culture Pre-cleared permissions via CC Copyright Exceptions and Limitations, ie. Fair use Visible sharing Remix Culture: a community of educators/learners not only sharing, but improving, adapting, remixing, innovating
    86. 86. learn.creativecommons.org
    87. 87. Our mission is to minimize barriers to the creation, sharing, and reuse of educational materials—legal barriers, technical barriers, and social barriers.
    88. 88. Why?
    89. 89. The world of education is the world of culture and creativity.
    90. 90. http://www.flickr.com/photos/venky7/2157716223/ Ribna. Venkatesh Hariharan Teaching is a living, creative process Learning is a living, creative process The two are not exclusive.
    91. 91. Digital Media Most educational Access for free resources Open Educational Access, Copy, Resources Redistribute, Adapt, (CC licensed sans Translate, Improve, the ND term, or in Remix for free the PD)
    92. 92. What CC facilitates is that interaction and exchange that results in more than “free to take.” People start sharing differently, purposefully. They start rethinking old systems, old ways of seeing education. They start using CC to help them achieve ends beyond “free to take”.
    93. 93. p2pu.org P2PU is teaching and learning by peers for peers, and it is organized learning that is taking place outside of any institution.
    94. 94. CC canʼt take credit for originating these projects, but it can take credit for enabling the open processes, especially at scale.
    95. 95. learn.creativecommons.org/productions
    96. 96. (opened.creativecommons.org)
    97. 97. (opened.creativecommons.org)
    98. 98. discovered.creativecommons.org
    99. 99. Other projects CC has enabled
    100. 100. Attribute to c with a link to creativecommons.org Creative Commons, ccLearn, the double C in a circle and the open Book in a circle are registered trademarks of Creative Commons in the United States and other countries. Third party marks and brands are the property of their respective holders.
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