Jane darnell wikikunstkloof 2014 women on wikipedia 1 feb

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Presentation given at De Appel in Amsterdam on 1 February 2014 for the international Art & Feminism Edit-a-thon

Presentation given at De Appel in Amsterdam on 1 February 2014 for the international Art & Feminism Edit-a-thon

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  • 3 points about women and Wikipedia: the women behind the scenes (people like me), the women whose biographies are in the content, and the writers or content producers who are tapped as sources for Wikipedia articles. Without #1 and #3, no #2, and without #2, these women simply don’t exist, because no one is reading the history books.
  • Wikipedia is becoming more and more important, and Google’s knowledge graph leans heavily on Wikipedia data
  • Processen op Wikipedia omtrentnominatiesvoorverwijderingverre van transparant
  • Men use Internet for hobbies & sports, women shop and keep track of family and social events
  • Al is de documentatie over kunstenaressensummier in musea, het is nogveelsummierder in Wikipedia!
  • Left Verspronck portrait of Adriana Croes (1599-1656), widow of HendrickPietersz van Strijp (Haarlem 1590-1639), brewer’s daughter, aged 45, Rijksmuseum, and right, the Hals portrait of linen merchant, hofje founder and bleachery owner Dorothea Berck(1593-1684) , aged 51, wife of Josephus Coymans, Metropolitan Museum of ArtIn 1644 Golden Age was already over for Haarlem and there were poor on the streets. In 1632 the new trekvaart to Amsterdam put a damper on the economy. Ships with grain arrived in Haarlem for the brewers and the bleachers (starch). Protests against starch used in ever-wider collars caused a new fashion with soft caps and fine linen that needed less starch.The items of clothing worn by these women do not have Wikipedia articles
  • The sources that I have used to expand my collection of records are based on my personal interests and also on what is on Wikipedia pages already. I am heavily influenced by the art itself and not just the biography, so I use Wikimedia as a source, and contribute to it at the same time, adding artists as I go. Not all artists have work on Wiki Commons due to copyright restrictions or other issues.
  • So far I have over 10,000 artists in a dataset that matches biographiesto some Wikipedia mention or to Wikimedia Commons. In some cases the match is to “redirect pages” that have not been split out into individual articles (yet).
  • Here’s my set of 10,000 names sorted per birth/work country. Note that the Netherlands, Italy, and the UK are over-represented.Note this is not necessarily a reflection on the demographics of the entire body of World artists, but reflects what I have in my own Wikipedia dataset.
  • Of the set of 10,000 names, I have over 9,500 records with birthdates, and here they are sorted per birth century.Note that after 1900, copyright restrictions reduce the number of Wikipedia articles.Note this is not necessarily a reflection on the demographics of the entire body of World artists, but reflects what I have in my own Wikipedia dataset. The 17th century is over-represented.
  • I started this dataset with lists from free sources. With more than 1,000 names from Arnold Houbraken, I slowly added more and more period sources using the online indexes available and through reading biographies. Before I started merging the PCF and WGA datasets I had about 2,500 names altogether.
  • Old Sources = Hondius, Vasari, Van Mander, Ampzing, Baldinucci, De Bie, Sandrart, Du Piles, Houbraken, Weyerman, Van Gool, Descamps
  • Of the set of 10,000 names, I have over 7,500 records with birthdates, and here they are sorted per birth century.Note that after 1900, copyright restrictions reduce the number of Wikipedia articles.Note this is not necessarily a reflection on the demographics of the entire PCF dataset, but reflects what I have in my own Wikipedia dataset. The 17th century is over-represented.
  • Of the set of 10,000 names, I have over 7,500 records with birthdates, and here they are sorted per birth century.Note that after 1900, copyright restrictions reduce the number of Wikipedia articles.Note this is not necessarily a reflection on the demographics of the entire PCF dataset, but reflects what I have in my own Wikipedia dataset. The 17th century is over-represented, and almost all of the early painters up to 1499 are from Vasari and Van Mander.
  • Both Koerten and Schurman were admired more for their cleverness than for their art.
  • I started this dataset with 1,000 names from Arnold Houbraken, and then added other period sources and the WGA dataset.
  • Proportionally there are fewer women included in this dataset than the women included in the old sources.
  • Sofonisba and Rachel Ruysch are the only two represented in old sources
  • This painting dated 1629 by Judith Leyster (1609-1660) was long attributed to Frans Hals (1583-1666) because of this engraving by CornelisDanckerts the Elder (1604-1656). The engraving is dated between 1613 and 1656, and is currently considered a copy of Leyster’s painting.left: f. Hals pinxit. center: Seght my of hy, Die lacht is bly? / of weesensschyn, Verberchtgeenpyn. right: C. Da'. Sc. et excudMany paintings attributed to Anonymous today are by people who were not members of the Guild, and this includes women who were not allowed to join a guild
  • The largest free database that I have been able to look at is the Public Catalog Foundation, which only lists painters. So far I have made 4293 matches between my dataset and the PCF Your Paintings dataset. In some cases the match is to “redirect pages” that have not been split out into individual articles (yet). On their front page, 61 of their most famous artists are listed – all white, and 7 female.
  • The largest free database that I have been able to look at is the Public Catalog Foundation, which only lists painters. So far I have made 4293 matches between my dataset and the PCF Your Paintings dataset. In some cases the match is to “redirect pages” that have not been split out into individual articles (yet). On their front page, 61 of their most famous artists are listed – all white, and 7 female.
  • To enable volunteers to work on the articles they like best, it is helpful to give an indication of the era a painter belongs to.Due to copyright restrictions, most of the artists on the PCF website born after 1900 will not be eligible to have images of their works on Wikimedia Commons. This is the largest group of artists on the whole, so it is even more important for Wikipedia to be able to link out to PCF slideshows in order to enable readers to understand their work.
  • Of the subset with 23,174 names with dates, I have over 4,600 matches, and here they are sorted per birth century.Note that after 1900, copyright restrictions reduce the number of Wikipedia articles.Note this is not necessarily a reflection on the demographics of the entire PCF dataset, but reflects what I have in my own Wikipedia dataset. The 17th century is over-represented.
  • Of the subset with 23,174 names with dates, I have over 4,600 matches, and of these I can sort many per country (largest countries only). Note this is not necessarily a reflection on the demographics of the entire PCF dataset, but reflects what I have in my own Wikipedia dataset. Britain, Italy and Netherlands are over-represented.
  • Three areas with fewer women (user pages, articles, and references): fewer women who may be interested to write about women, fewer biographies for people to read, and fewer sources to be able to create new biographies

Jane darnell wikikunstkloof 2014  women on wikipedia 1 feb Jane darnell wikikunstkloof 2014 women on wikipedia 1 feb Presentation Transcript

  • Vrouwen op Wikipedia en 17e eeuwse kunstenaressen Women on Wikipedia and 17th-century women artists Jane Darnell Kunst en Feminisme Edit-a-thon 1 februari 2014 De Appel, Amsterdam Jane Darnell 1
  • Er zijn minder vrouwen op Wikipedia • Er zijn minder vrouwen die bijdragen • Er zijn minder biografieën van vrouwen • Er zijn minder bronnen over vrouwen There are fewer women on Wikipedia • Fewer women contribute • There are fewer biographies of women • There are fewer sources about women Jane Darnell 2
  • Wikipedia is sneller dan de bieb Sources used by Dutch general public for reference, polled in 2013 survey Jane Darnell 3
  • Wikipedia is sneller dan uitgevers https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margot_Berkman Ondanks haar “oranjeboom sierhek” voor het koninklijke echtpaar, wordt deze kunstenares binnen 7 uur “ne” bestempeld Jane Darnell 4
  • Generation Gap vs. Gendergap Wikipedians > 55 is largest group, but older women often prefer to use tablet or smartphone over computer Jane Darnell 5
  • Gendergap vergroot “Kunstkloof” Only 6% !!! Have the women left screaming? Or do they never try? On the Dutch Wikipedia, 6% of the contributors identify themselves as female in 2013 survey Jane Darnell 6
  • Two Haarlem portraits in 1644 Adriana Croes (1599-1656) and Dorothea Berck (1593-1684) Jane Darnell 7
  • My dataset (10,000+ artists) has grown from these sources: 1) 1,843 records from old dictionaries of artist biographies (Vasari, Van Mander, Houbraken, Sandrart, etc) - only 47 are women 2) 3,644 records Web Gallery of Art - only 37 are women 3) 23,174 records Public Catalog Foundation I matched these to 13,000+ Commons “Creator pages” and to Wikipedia articles Jane Darnell 8
  • 10,000 artist biographies This is the number of women in my dataset Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 9 9
  • By birth country, red=women Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 10 10
  • By birth century, red=women Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 11 11
  • 1,843 artists in old sources This is the number of women in this dataset Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 12 12
  • Hondius, Vasari, Van Mander, Ampzing, Baldinucci, De Bie, Sandrart, Du Piles, Houbraken, Weyerman, Van Gool, Descamps Jane Darnell 13
  • 1,843 artists in old sources Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 14 14
  • 1,843 artists in old sources Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 15 15
  • Women artists in Arnold Houbraken Jane Darnell 16
  • 3,644 artists Web Gallery of Art This is the number of women in this dataset Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 17 17
  • 3,644 artists Web Gallery of Art Jane Darnell 18
  • 3,644 artists Web Gallery of Art Jane Darnell 19
  • 16th & 17th century women in WGA Jane Darnell 20
  • Women in the sources Jane Darnell 21
  • BBC Your paintings: “Elizabeth” Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 22 22
  • 23,174 artists in PCF dataset “BBC Your paintings” This is the set of data that I matched so far to my list Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 23 23
  • Matching PCF data is a work in progress, most artists before 1750 are matched Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 24 24
  • PCF matches by century, red=women Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 25 25
  • My PCF matches are mostly British, though early artists are mostly Dutch and Italian Jane Darnell Jane Darnell 26 26
  • Er zijn minder vrouwen op Wikipedia • Er zijn minder vrouwen die bijdragen (6% van de bijdragers op de NL Wikipedia is vrouw) • Er zijn minder biografieën van vrouwen (zonder bronnen, “ne”) • Er zijn minder bronnen over vrouwen (speld in de hooiberg) • Only 6% of the contributors on the Dutch Wikipedia are women • Without sources, biographies are deleted as “not encyclopedic” • In sources, women are the proverbial “needle in the haystack” Jane Darnell 27