GeographyAREA As one of the largest countries in the world, Canada makesup most of North America. In terms of its borders, Canada has thelongest coastline and longest land border. Canada also tops thecharts by having more fresh water lakes than any other country.WEATHER As a country that can see temperatures as low as -40oF, it isnot surprising to hear that snow can stay on the ground in someparts as long as six months to a year. There are some tropical areasof Canada where temperatures reach over 100oF.
Geography• Physical Geography – Canada consists of 7 different biomes, or ecosystems • Tundra, Boreal Forest, Mixed Forest, Broadleaf Forest, Prairies, Rocky Mountains, and Temperate Coniferous Forests. – The Appalachian mountains can be found in Eastern Canada and the Rocky Mountains are to the West.
People There is over an estimated 34.5 million people residing inCanada. Canada averages a population increase around 20% in the last 20 years. That may seem a bit high, but this figure is less when compared to its other North American counterparts; the United States and Mexico. Considering most of Canada’s geography is covered in snow, 80% of the population lives along the United States border in the southern portion of Canada. Like many other countries around the world, Canadais home to an older generation, with the national age averaging just below 40 years. Canada is primarily a Christian nation, with over 75% of the population. Of that group, almost half are Catholic. The next largest group, at more than 15%, is those that claim no religious affiliations. The remainders are a diverse group consisting of Protestant, Anglicans, Baptist, Lutherans, Islam, and Judaism.
Breakdown of Ethnic Origins in Canada Ethnic Origins Canadian English French Scottish Irish German Italian Chinese First Nations Ukrainian Dutch
Most Populated Cities in Canada6000000500000040000003000000 2000000 1000000 Population 0 Population
Prior to the 1500’s, the Vikings discover and1500 to 1700 create settlements in Canada. By the end of the 1400’s the British have also journeyed to Canada. 1541: Charlesbourg-Royal is the first French settlement in all of North America 1627: Fighting begins between England and Canada. 1534: The Gaspe Peninsula is claimed in the name of France by Jacques Cartier 1604:Schooling and the Arts are brought to Canada by the French. 1609: Firearms are used against Native Canadians 1535: Canada, or Kanata, is given its name by Jacques Cartier 1581:Newfoundland is claimed in the name of England by Sir Humphrey Gilbert 1699: Iroquois (native people) are eliminated from the war.
1700 to 1900 1783:A border is established from the Atlantic to the Lake of the Woods, dividing1713: England gains over France in the battle Canada from the USA. 1858: Gold Rush breaks out along for control over Canada. western North America.. 1713: Several treaties are signed andEngland keeps areas in their control. France 1774: Quebec Act is enacted by the British, which allows moves in order to rebuild the French Canadians the ability to keep their established way of life (language, civil laws, schooling, etc.) 1832: Cholera outbreak in Montreal kills about 4,000 people, disease is brought by 1743: Rocky Mountains are discovered as immigrants. French move West. 1818: Canada’s border continues from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, known as the 49th Parallel. 1754: In America, a war between the French and Indians erupt. 1849: Canada’s border, along the 49th Parallel, extends all the way to the Pacific Ocean. 1756: The French and the British begin the Sevens Years War, fighting throughout North America
1900 to 2000 1962: Following the US and Russia, Canada become the 3rd country in space 1902: Canada first production car, Le Roy, is produced. 1980: Canada declares its 1949: Canada joins NATO and Britains national anthem; “O judiciary committee is replaced by the Canada”1900: Boer War breaks out. Canadian Supreme Court 1952: TV stations begin 1988: The Winter Olympics are 1908: First Canadian coins are broadcasting part time hosted in Calgary created in the Royal Mint. throughout Canada 1910: Royal Canadian Navy is formed following the Naval Service Bill of 1909. 1960: The Canadian Bill Of Rights is enacted. 1994: An economic partnership is formed when Mexico, the US, and 1917: Four teams make up the first Canada join the NAFTA. National Hockey League.
Sources• Canada History, 2010, AHW, 11 Nov 2011, http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/timelines/tim eline.htm• Canada, 15 November 2011, Wikipedia, 11 November 2011, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada• Geography of Canada, 11 November 2011, Wikipedia, 11 November 2011, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Canada• Demographics of Canada, 7 November 2011, Wikipedia, 11 November 2011, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Canad a